Do Bitcoin and Digital Currency Have a Future? - Harvard

Investigation of (Dis-)Favor 1\3 questioning freedom of will (in Macro-society)

This item began as a simple idea to investigate "social construct" theory, a trendy theme in academia and identity politics. It turned into a staggeringly complex constellation of ideas, with surprises galore.
The idea occurs to me: validate (or not) 'social construction' of beauty. If not, then sense of beauty is innate (source is not one's society, but genetic or other episocial influences).
Natural Tendency towards Beauty in Humans: Evidence from Binocular Rivalry 2016 | plos (technical study)
Reading in Contemporary Aesthetics "Why Beauty Still Cannot Be Measured", by Ossi Naukkarinen, because beauty is a personal determination, and a metaphor of favor, but how is it determined? Example: which of these women looks beautiful to you? note: only descriptor for the AI search is "beautiful woman", AI learns about beauty by sifting mega-data; how effective is it? (achieves given goal?) AI results are socially constructed in the most explicit way possible! Beauty may not be measurable, but it can be selected (parsed) from non-beauty. Measurement is a comparison of some phenomenon to an abstract dimension. Selection is a go, no-go choice.
What is Nudge theory? This item straddles the fence between Macro and Micro societies, paradigmatic Nudges come from Macro sources, but include an option to choose without pressure to conform. Micro sources are always more direct; which side of the fence are you on, friend?. (Greener side, of course.)
What about searching for "good", images? note how often the WORD good is pictured. Good is a language construct that must be interpreted from the individual's perspective.
Ok, now search for "favor" images note that AI mostly interprets favor as a small gift, not as a preference (which is difficult to represent by image)
Well then, search for "preference", images note that the word preference happens to be used by a line of hair care products from L'Oreal, which dominates the returns... commerce rules!
social construct (def, search result)
validate (or not) 'social construction' of beauty
Is Socialism a social construct? (LoL) Socialism Defined (EVERY Country is Socialist!) 2.2k views Sep 29, 2019 Rokn'MrE
To (social) Construct, or Not to (social) Construct, is there a choice? (note most results are about gender)
Parsing gender
Discussion of gender is not my direction of choice in this part 1 investigation. I want to seek how an actor (esp. me) makes a choice, in a quest for freedom of will. Perhaps come back to gender in a future item.
person makes a choice, in a quest for freedom of will (selections available)
Exemplar Hyp (Harry) Frankfurt’s compatibilist theory of free will 2009 5pg.pdf
I notice my choice of article was partly determined, partly free, but parsing out those factors would be too much divergence from the goal here. But Truth (a two side coin) is my story, and I'm stickin' to it.
(previous link, compatibilism):
3 It explains our intuition that human beings, but not lower animals, have free will. Lower animals lack free will because they lack the second-order volitions which are constitutive of free will. (This item is unnecessary and probably not true; how do we know animals have no "second-order volitions"? Having no other language than "body", we can only surmise (guess) what their volitions are. Volitions come before actions, we cannot see them or interpret them in any way. Brain conditions might be interpreted with MRI scanning, but to put a subject in a scanning device is to prevent any other actions. Such measuring ruins the connection between mental state and volition being measured, except we can safely assume that every measurement of animals must default to the volition to escape the measuring device.)
That's the first-order, highlighted deviation from compatibility theory. Clarification of "second-order volition": a path from choice to action has an intermediate "middle-way" tunneling mode, contracting (taking on) a desire to make a choice, prior to making the choice. In order to prove freedom, one must establish the mental preference for an imagined outcome in order to prove that preference did come from within the person and was not forced by other external deciding factors (genetic factors are pre-determined).
incompatibilism Note: the approach is wrong by the universal assumption, IOW that the intersection of determined and free is zero. It's a supremacy position, or superposition principle (LoL), the error is in over-simplification. The Logic Argument (p.5) is not representative of reality, which is more nuanced. Therefore, Frankfurt's thesis is good (denial of incompatibilism), but not due to the case presented (superposition).
Take Frankfurt's case (p.4) of Black vs Jones4 to be analogy for State vs Individual. Silent Weapons for Quiet Wars (other sources exist, search for yourself)
The (myusername) determinism/free-will duality hypothesis (denial of incompatibilism due to non-zero intersection):
Most choices, including the choice of desires, are determined by contingencies of which one is the natural desire of the actor to optimize his/her outcomes ("best wishes"). Is a person always compelled to have best wishes? What is best depends on a person's mental state, which is usually determined by external factors, but those can vary in cogency (impact on behavior). Consider the choice to commit suicide, certainly not a trivial choice. (The Chosen means of execution (puns intended) is somewhat more trivial, but again, partly determined by external conditions.)
Some choices, nearly all trivial, are free because no interfering contingencies are apparent during the choosing interlude. It may happen in hindsight, that a past choice is observed to be a mistake, usually because some contingency was overlooked or unknown during the choosing. This observation should be remembered so as to avoid repeating a future choice like that mistake. Choices always have risks, including the choice to do nothing.
Different day, slightly different approach... parsing choice. 1 important choices that have many deep effects later, for instances a marriage partner, a new job, a new residence; 2 trivial choices which have minor effects, risks or physical involvement, for instances a choice of toothpaste at the market, to like or not a web-link or museum exhibit.
According to (myusername)'s determined/free paradigm, type 1 choices are nearly all determined by pre-existing conditions (not free). Type 2 choice is the arena of freedom. I suppose a person's low risk-aversion parameter could expand the envelope of freedom, but that's a characteristic that develops during maturation, one's history of choices and ensuing responses. Successful responses lead to more freedom, failures to less. So even when freedom exists, it accumulates a history (habits) which become a determinant.
Contracting the Social Construct Disorder (it's contagious) Take 1:
How does an actor (person in question who comes to an internal state, or inner-construct) interact with a community or society? Must it be IRL, or can virtual interaction suffice to construct internal states? And more to my point, must the interaction be two-way (containing feedback), or simply via broadcast medium? (broadcast includes published books, articles, records, radio, TV or Internet A/V shows, etc.)
Interaction with broadcast media can be summarized by: a choice, a degree of attention and focus (time spent on and attention given to item), a like/dislike or more complex reaction to item, having future behavior influenced by item, to continue a stream of behaviors (especially sequential item choices) as consequence of influence of item, to develop a complex of attitudes built upon stream of items (eg. just mentioned 'risk aversion parameter and habit).
Before going on, I notice that broadcast media is like Sunshine, Rain, and Grace. It is made available by participation in a community, and falls without curse or blessing, it's all there for the choosing (or ignoring), depending on the contingencies.
Mind control theory? (because mind is the inner source of volition... behavior, control the mind (easy), hence control the behaviors (difficult otherwise))
Mind control courtesy Tavistock Inst.
Construction of Favor (or any knowledge) upon Familiarity
What is Social Construction? (cntrlZ)
"For instance, trees are only differentiated from other plants by virtue of the fact that we have all learned to see them as "trees."
But we don't all know about trees to an equal degree. I know rather much about trees from my interaction with them: living among them, planting them, sawing them, moving them, burning them, etc., not from reading or talking about them. No doubt, there are many persons all over the world who have very little experience of trees, and cannot 'construct' treeness as well as me. Direct experience is more realistic and developed than social constructs.
Favor and Familiarity are interwoven by choice
I chose to live alone with trees and not alone with sea, or desert (for examples), because it was easier to go with trees. Was the choice free? I could have chosen city or suburb with even more ease than forest, so ease of choice was not the deciding factor, it was my preference of lonely forest over crowded urb that decided me. So maybe it wasn't really about trees, it was about independence or something else like that. When we choose, we may not understand the contingencies, but our decision (choice) may be due to habits or patterns that have developed in the maturity process. Habits are strong determinants, and they develop, according to Ian Plowman, 4 ways.
The cntrlZ article makes the case for 'Strong Social Construction' based on that 'knowing' which is all about language, certainly a social construct.
Within the social construction of language is the game. Outside the social construction is reality, the real world. (a list of social constructs follows)
That makes it clear. Experiences (direct ones) without resort to language are NOT social constructs. That observation makes another distinction clear: gender may be a social construct, as it's a language issue, but sex is not a social construct, it is a direct experience issue that develops in the maturation process: birth, infant, child, puberty, sexy adolescent, sexy adult, old (unsexy) adult, death. Prior to puberty, sex is incipient in its development, but comes to life, (like a flower blooms) after a decade or so. Knowing about sex as a child is by observation from outside (thru the looking glass), after puberty, it's direct experience, and much later, it's a fading memory.
Regarding Looking-glass self theory the notion of socially constructed identity (defining the self by differences/ affinities to others),
... the outcome of "taking the role of the other", the premise for which the self is actualized. Through interaction with others, we begin to develop an identity of our own as well as developing a capacity to empathize with others... Therefore, the concept of self-identity may be considered an example of a social construction.
... makes a spurious expansion of identity formation to include everyone (a unity), or nearly so. According to Reisman's Lonely Crowd, there is a triality of social nature, expounded by parsing people into tradition, inner, and other directed personalities. This theme was a scholar's response to the US trend toward consumerism and conformity to "norms", (local traditions, eg. "keeping up with the Joneses") mid-20th century. The social construct crowd would be Reisman's Other directed personality, which may truly be the majority, in USA certainly. However, the tradition-following and inner-directed personalities are a significant minority. Let's not ignore them (I'm in there.)
What is “Mob Mentality?”
Herd mentality | wkpd
Are All Personality Descriptions Social Constructions? Sep.2019 | psytdy
... that objective reality does not directly reveal itself to us, is true beyond a doubt.
The preceding statement author, JA Johnson, is way off (and his article is full of falseness). Objective reality IS direct experience, no more revealing modality exists. Denial of this obvious fact (just lied about above) is a redefinition of the term (a social construct). Experience is beyond language, thus beyond 'description'. However the following is a true reveal about (((Yews))) (the like of whom Dr. Johnson seems):
It is true that when we describe someone with socially undesirable traits... we are constructing for them a social reputation that might decrease their chance of success in life. This is precisely one of the concerns of (((social constructivists, like Dr. Johnson))), that certain categorizations (eg. a separate race) reduce power and status.
Proof that Truth is not a social construct (relative to culture, like morality absolutely is)... What do you believe in? Cultural Relativism
Conformity is a social construct (should be obvious, it's a social source of choices). What causes conformity? Social interactions, which traditionally occurred (Macro-version) in newspapers, magazines, cinema and radio programs. As culture changed the popular media to radio, TV and then to Internet, and church attendance fell out of vogue, the advertising industry became more powerful in defining social constructs. That's why Internet censorship is so important.
Who are the 'influencers' in society? (They used to be parents, teachers, peers... now it seems to be YouTubers, like PewDiePie. But an intentionally underplayed contingent of influencers is the predominantly Left-Leaning academia, who collectively promote Marxist preferences and political activism toward Socialist positions. Academia is pushing social construction because it provides an intellectual framework that denies the old (social injustice), and says ok to their preferred ideology, Cultural Marxism (new social "just us"; socially constructed ideas can be anything you want, their cogency depends on efficacy of publication).
Micro-Social Constructs are most cogent (due to conformity being human nature), discussed in part 2.
Bottom Line (part 1)
If you like freedom, and are serious about it, you must distance yourself from society, because it tries to reconstruct you according to the norm... conform!
Before you go, think about what is a hermit?, which should not be confused with Hermetic, name derived from Greek god Hermes. 7 Great Hermetic Principles – The Teachings of Thoth (illustrated)... same topic 2016
Investigation of (Dis-)Favor 2\3, Micro-Societies
Social Circles; Mates, Kin, Friends
note on Mates: school-, (prison) in-, marriage-, ship-, etc. note on my link choices, page rank has a strong influence
Social group (aka circle)
Is Conformity Human Nature? Don't blow this list off, if you want to understand social constructs. At least look at first item.
What is Social Proof?
Are Micro-societies any less 'constructing' than Macros? Or do some constructs exist for all realms, macro and micro? I think they are more constructing, because micros carry feedback, whereas macro is all absorption, individuals have negligible effects on society at large. They act in a statistical sense, with a few exceptions.
Concept vs Percept (concepts are stable mental recordings, and physical manifestations of them; percepts are changing sensations and reflexes which depend strongly on the situation, memories of which are variable too)
Favor, Good, and Beauty are words that belong in the same 'conceptual basket' (ward), they are alike, all refer to action 'like', as an affective (and affirmative) perception. Conversely for the word's opposites.
Perceptions are non-language reactions to stimuli, therefore not social constructs. They may be evoked into a social arena via language (or other virtual records), but these are only shadows of the perception, so what is evoked is drawn up from the receiver's own memories of perceptions.
Division of Labor (and role models) are Social Constructs
Sex is the most basic divider of labor, for all societies, especially the most primitive. As societies develop towards more technical, sex falls away from the divider, as natural talent and innate interest gain influence, until the basic operations of reproduction remain, the core division. What about rankings in the division?
natural tendency for dominance?
Are males naturally dominant in nature? | qra
(arguments opposing) Male Dominance (theory) with (bogus) "Explanations", by 2 feminist authors using Marxist ideology 2017 | verso While this blog seems to have obvious (to me) flaws, it does raise interesting ideas and references.
what attributes help males gain social status? Basic: status is competitive. It takes talent and effort to win.
To Raise Male Status (18 Rules) | @rctvmn (not because age 18 is best)
Dominance vs Prestige 2010 | psytdy Note: blatant bias toward Prestige via argument parsing Pride. (author is Jewish, maligns DJ Trump (nationalist), lauds John Lennon (globalist))
modes of thought: socially-controlled vs spontaneous
Major Component of Social-Construction: Public Education 3 Modes of Thought Jan.2019
Kaufman again: How Renaissance People Think 2011 | psytdy Note: We discussed concept vs percept, here Kaufman refers to fellow-Jew Seymour Epstein's dual modish rational vs experiential theory, same idea set.
polymath (short for Renaissance Man)
Favor-Goodness-Beauty paradigm
Favor is not favored in prior art, Truth takes Favor's place in the Transcendental Spectrum: Transcendentals 5pg.pdf
We have already seen the idea in part 1 that Truth is a disputed transcendental in the social-constructionism academic universe. Academics use the "universal fallacy" that their favored item is part of an incompatible pair, which by logic excludes everything not in their favor. They want to ignore the nuances in order to push an ideology toward a supremacy of thinking, just like in a totalitarian state.
Whereas the (myusername) principle of Truth, it has a dual nature, 1 relative to a society (democratic consensus); and 2 absolute to reality (math/science/technology). So 'Favor' is a better term because objective proof (no contest) is not required (except the meaning of objective that says 'objection!', meaning 'contest'). 'Favor' implies bias which is the subjective reaction that matches Goodness and Beauty better than 'Truth'.
Apply Truth-Goodness-Beauty paradigm to social construction
it is unconcerned with ontological issues...
because the aim of constructionists is to justify a collective "truth" of their own construction. A social construct is not absolute, it's anything a society wants it to be ("social proof"). That's a good description of tyranny... The Empowered Female Parasite 2014 (that's a surprising result, here is one not-surprising.)
Social Proof: established by culture media (mind control, a monopoly 2012 (scroll down long graphic), of the Juice 2015), go back to part 1, macrosocial constructs.
Does Appreciation of Beauty have any innate sources? (otherwise it's all a social construct) Neuroscience of Beauty; How does the brain appreciate art? 2011 | sciam (in brain)
Onward (Dis)-Favor Readers...
Investigation of (Dis-)Favor 3\3, House of Not-Friends
Contracting the Social Construct Disorder Take 2
Living outside the 'Normitory" (away from Dreamland (everybody's asleep), to where Nessun Dorma (nobody sleeps))
It so happens that an ethnic group which originated in eastern Mediterranean Middle-East evolved to specialize in intelligence, commerce, morally corrupt enterprises, and crime. Essential to their success was eugenic traditions that applied artificial selection to just those same specialties, which makes this ethnic group a formidable enemy. They have developed a very strong sense of in-groupness, and a vested interest in social construct studies. A unified collective is a more effective competitor than an inchoate population of diverse individuals.
This group has as ethnic traits: global dispersion (aka Diaspora), preference for urban environments (aka Cosmopolitan, or Globalist), covert inter-group rivalry (aka InfoWar), and deception (aka MOSSAD). This cosmopolitan group must operate covertly and deceptively, because those are effective tactics, and they are a small minority (2% of USA), therefore weak in the democratic sense.
Immoral Social Constructs enforced by 5th column subversives
wethefifth (political audio series)
serendipity: freethink
Another construct search, without gender reference
Is morality a social construct? If so, how can concepts such as 'good' exist? (note especially the links in top comment, to reddit posts)
"Good" can be understood as a variation of "Favor" as a direct experience (perception) of "like", rather than some idealized notion of an obvious social construct such as "greater good" (a theoretical derivation by interventionist actors-with-agendas trying to impose their own preferences upon others, IOW ideology hegemony pushers, for instance viz da wiz)
Cultural hegemony is the Chosen's mitzvah, that we all must go to Emerald City, land of Oz, where YHWH (impostor) rules.
Cultural hegemony
Concepts of Ideology, Hegemony, and Organic Intellectuals in Gramsci’s Marxism 1982
There is no universal morality. Morality is much like Beauty, in the mind of beholder (actor who holds to a specific moral code). Morality is a social construct, and varies between societies. (I think a fair definition of morality is a code of ethics which is community-specific.) For a society to sustain, it needs to be isolate from conflicting societies. If different societies, with different moralities must coexist, the natural tendency for actors in the same niche toward dominance will destroy or remake the subordinate societies, which reduces the conflicts.
Status Hierarchies: Do We Need Them? blog 2012 | psytd
a need for 'virtue signaling'? It's natural, and likely unavoidable, evidence pride displays.
Status Assignments: by birth (heredity) or merit (talent)?
Let's assume your morality values social effectiveness. The best path to that is to have talented persons dominant (meritocracy). Next we happen to know that talent is hereditary, but not perfectly so. Therefore birth (kinship, aka kingship) is only an indicator of talent, which is infrequent among low status groups, much higher among high status kinship groups. Thus we must conclude that awarding status by pedigree and family privilege is not the best way to effectiveness, but it often does work. What works best then, must be? a competitive system of merit-proving, with special attention to high-status families. (Helps if the natural tendency for snobbish repression is circumvented, for examples Han-style Civil Service Exams, and the Roman military promotion avenue, which occasionally led to top gun.)
Sustainable Competitive Advantages (aka moats): Network Effects 2019 | sEknα
Our Brain's Negative Bias 2003 | psytdA
Fear: it's the greatest (motivator) 2009 Owen Benjamin made a video about Fear over TIME 16 min.
Dominance Hierarchy employs FEAR to dominate
Dominance hierarchy | wkpd Social dominance theory | wkpd
scaring children is not ok, Sydney Watson blog 11 min
tools for social mobility and dominance (list)
9 Important Factors That Influence Social Mobility Social dominance orientation | wkpd SDO should theoretically be highly important to Jews, as their ethos tends strongly to emulate it among themselves and denigrate it towards outgroups (Goyim). Thus we should expect to see this field of study monopolized by Jewish scholars. Studying the Gentile: Fanciful Pseudoscience in the Service of Pathologizing the Covington Boys | OO
Contracting the Social Construct Disorder Take 3
Different day from Take 2. Re-consider interactions with a community or society: traditionally occurred locally, on Sunday meetings at church, parties, having a beer after work, town hall or children's group meetings, (eg. PTA, scouts) etc.
Re-consider "contracting". Original idea was meant to acquire, like a disease, not by design (choice), but determined by contingency (unlucky chance). Today, "contracting" means getting smaller, shrinking, like a cooling branding iron, or melting ice. Iron has several crystalline phases, the cooler, the more compact (more atomic order). Ice is contrary to most materials, as its crystalline structure is larger than its liquid phase, so as it melts (entropy always increases, going to less ordered) its atoms become more fluid. In both cases, the natural mode of change is toward ambient temperature. This trend (recursion to the mean) is maybe the most unbroken law of all physics.
Re-considering "Disorder"; original idea was meant as a mental disease, like ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder), IOW anomalous condition, out-of-order, (order being assumed normal) in the human behavior dimension. Today it means individuals out-of-line, like discontinuities in a crystal. (Discontinuities are what make metal harder.)
When all the atoms of a metal are aligned (continuous), the state is called "annealed". This is the softest condition. When the metal has been "work hardened" by hammering, or forging, it acquires discontinuities (crystalline order becomes mucked up). This is a harder state. Hardness is measured by forcing a small ball into a test material and measuring the resulting depression (dent). Discontinuities resist dents and every other kind of deforming force (decreased plasticity (weakness) means increased elasticity and maximum yield (resilience, see Young's Modulus, Indentation hardness, Impact Toughness and Moh's Hardness)).
Now make analogy of metal with society. Non-conformist individuals (like followers of Marginotions) make society (if he-he-heeded) more resistant to outside forces (like George Soros, or seekers of Tikkun Olam) trying to make a dent in the established order (tradition, Protestant Ethic).
Contracting the Social Construct Disorder Take 4
Different day Re-consider "contracting" again. Today, it means make-a-deal, as in commercial contract. This kind of contract is in flux nowadays, as the advent of bitcoin has introduced a mathematical means of authorizing legal agreements (aka contracts) in a distributed ledger that makes such agreements social in a very direct sense. The social part of "social construct" is present in a world wide network of participating computer operators, while the construct part is present in a software package (app) that is now called "smart", meaning has built-in security and ongoing timely operations, like confirmation checking. In this contract-paradigm, the "disorder" part is due to it being outside of previous power-holding elites who are chagrined by the prospect of losing some of their powers to the Internetwork, which is out of their control. IOW disorder for elites, and made-to-order for independents. (note on that quote)
Social Contract per britannica (briefly) per wkpd
explicit vs implicit contracts Differences Between Implicit & Explicit Agreements (law) 2017 more specific, social contracts Social Contract Theory UT (includes videos, glossary)
to be continued: fairness is a social construct (contrast with deterministic fate)
study notes (all 3 parts, this series)
Gentrification, Displacement and the Role of Public Investment: A Literature Review 2015 pdf
https://duckduckgo.com/?q=Owen+Benjamin+made+video+about+Fear&atb=v81-4__&ia=videos
why is 'social construct' a popular theme?
https://www.success.com/8-daily-habits-to-build-your-mental-strength/
Pareto principle implications for marital harmony, a very brief summary of research by J Cacioppo)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jewish_culture
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Race_and_society
https://thejewishwars.blogspot.com/2019/03/aipac-traitor-jews-having-successfully.html
https://theevilofzionismexposedbyjews.weebly.com/14-what-zionist-and-anti-zionist-jews-have-said-about-education.html
submitted by acloudrift to AlternativeHypothesis [link] [comments]

The Primary Drivers of Ecocide

Energy

In 2017, the myth of powering the world with 100% renewables has started to crack
http://energyforhumanity.org/en/climate-energy/2017-myth-powering-world-100-renewables-started-crack/
Global demand for oil will continue to increase until 2040 says the IEA
https://www.dw.com/en/international-energy-agency-sees-crunch-on-oil-consumption/a-46267704
EUROPE GETS 60% OF ITS “RENEWABLE ENERGY” BY BURNING IMPORTED TREES
https://www.newscientist.com/article/2114993-europes-green-energy-policy-is-a-disaster-for-the-environment/
The EU is emitting way more greenhouse gases than it says
https://qz.com/528491/the-eu-is-emitting-way-more-greenhouse-gases-than-it-says/
UC Davis Peer Reviewed Study: It Will Take 131 Years to Replace Oil with Alternatives (Malyshkina, 2010)
http://energyforhumanity.org/en/climate-energy/2017-myth-powering-world-100-renewables-started-crack/
At this rate, it’s going to take nearly 400 years to transform the energy system
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/610457/at-this-rate-its-going-to-take-nearly-400-years-to-transform-the-energy-system/
University of Chicago Peer Reviewed Study: predicts world economy unlikely to stop relying on fossil fuels (Covert, 2016)
https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/jep.30.1.117
Solar and Wind produced less than one percent of total world energy in 2016 – IEA WEO 2017
https://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/KeyWorld2017.pdf
Turbines Kill So Many Birds They’re Effectively an Apex Predator
https://e360.yale.edu/digest/wind-farms-can-act-like-apex-predators-in-ecosystems-study-finds
Fossil Fuel Share of Global Energy since 1990 – BP 2017
https://imgur.com/k7VecMq
Renewable energy ‘simply won’t work’: Top Google engineers
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2014/11/21/renewable_energy_simply_wont_work_google_renewables_engineers/
Top scientists show why powering US using 100 percent renewable energy is a delusional fantasy
http://energyskeptic.com/2017/big-fight-21-top-scientists-show-why-jacobson-and-delucchis-renewable-scheme-is-a-delusional-fantasy/
IEA Sees No Peak Oil Demand ‘Any Time Soon’, WSJ
https://www.wsj.com/articles/iea-sees-no-peak-oil-demand-any-time-soon-1488816002
There Will Be An Oil Shortage In The 2020s, Goldman Sachs Says (CNBC)
https://www.cnbc.com/2018/11/09/goldman-sachs-there-will-be-an-oil-shortage-in-the-2020s.html
Natural gas to become largest energy source by 2030 — IEA
https://www.vanguardngr.com/2018/11/natural-gas-to-become-largest-energy-source-by-2030-iea/
Renewable Energy Is Surging, but Not Fast Enough to Stop Warming
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/renewable-energy-is-surging-but-not-fast-enough-to-stop-warming/
Peak Conventional Oil In Ten Years
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/earth-insight/2013/nov/19/peak-oil-economicgrowth
The Curse of Energy Efficiency
https://thetyee.ca/Opinion/2018/02/26/Energy-Efficiency-Curse/
Vaclav Smil: “The great hope for a quick and sweeping transition to renewable energy is wishful thinking”
https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/the-curious-wavefunction/vaclav-smil-e2809cthe-great-hope-for-a-quick-and-sweeping-transition-to-renewable-energy-is-wishful-thinkinge2809d/
The Long Slow Rise of Solar and Wind – Vaclav Smil
http://vaclavsmil.com/wp-content/uploads/scientificamerican0114-521.pdf
Wind turbines are not helping with energy — they are consuming much more coal in their creation
https://www.spectator.co.uk/2017/05/wind-turbines-are-neither-clean-nor-green-and-they-provide-zero-global-energy/#
Is Renewable Energy Renewable?
https://ozziezehner.com/2013/04/03/is-renewable-energy-renewable/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v6uVnyjTb58 – 100 min
Global Energy Demand & Carbon Emissions Increase In 2017
https://cleantechnica.com/2018/03/22/global-energy-demand-carbon-emissions-increase-2017/
A new report finds that none of the negative emission technologies has the potential to deliver carbon removals at the gigaton (Gt) scale and at the rate of deployment envisaged by the IPCC, including reforestation, afforestation, carbon-friendly agriculture, bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCs), enhanced weathering, ocean fertilisation, or direct air capture and carbon storage (DACCs).
https://easac.eu/publications/details/easac-net/
Air conditioning will consume 100% of renewable energy by 2050
https://cleantechnica.com/2018/07/13/cooling-people-in-a-hotter-world-could-consume-all-of-worlds-electricity-by-2050/
Large Hydropower Dams ‘Not Sustainable’
https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-46098118
As Prairies Get Plowed for Biofuels, Greens Demand EPA Act
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/as-prairies-get-plowed-for-biofuels-green-groups-demand-epa-act

Mass Extinction

Humans are sleepwalking into a mass extinction of species not seen since the demise of the dinosaurs | The London Economic
https://www.thelondoneconomic.com/news/humans-are-sleepwalking-into-a-mass-extinction-of-species-not-seen-since-the-demise-of-the-dinosaurs/23/03/
World on track to lose two-thirds of wild animals by 2020, Guardian
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/oct/27/world-on-track-to-lose-two-thirds-of-wild-animals-by-2020-major-report-warns
The World Has Two Years To Secure A Deal To Halt Species Extinction
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/nov/03/stop-biodiversity-loss-or-we-could-face-our-own-extinction-warns-un Agriculture and overuse greater threats to wildlife than climate change, Guardian
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/aug/10/agriculture-and-overuse-greater-threats-to-wildlife-than-climate-change-study
Mass migration of species to cooler climes has profound implications for society, pushing disease-carrying insects, crop pests and crucial pollinators into new areas, Guardian
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/ma30/climate-change-global-reshuffle-of-wildlife-will-have-huge-impacts-on-humanity
Researchers talk of ‘biological annihilation’ as study reveals billions of populations of animals have been lost in recent decades, Guardian
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/jul/10/earths-sixth-mass-extinction-event-already-underway-scientists-warn
70% Of World’s Last Remaining Wilderness Is In Just Five Countries
https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/wilderness-areas-world-wildlife-pristine-biodiversity-conservation-climate-change-capitalism-a8611521.html
The Extinction of Wilderness: The world’s untouched lands and oceans are rapidly disappearing, and scientists are calling for action
https://newrepublic.com/article/151981/extinction-wilderness-untouched-lands-oceans-disappearing
The Extinction Crisis, Center For Biological Diversity
https://www.biologicaldiversity.org/programs/biodiversity/elements_of_biodiversity/extinction_crisis/
How humans are driving the sixth mass extinction, Guardian
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/radical-conservation/2015/oct/20/the-four-horsemen-of-the-sixth-mass-extinction
Earth’s Sixth Mass Extinction Has Begun, New Study Confirms
https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/earth-s-sixth-mass-extinction-has-begun-new-study-confirms/
Only drastic action can save us from the sixth mass extinction
https://www.wired.co.uk/article/sixth-mass-extinction-animals-wwf-report
Insect Collapse, Guardian
https://amp.theguardian.com/environment/2017/oct/21/insects-giant-ecosystem-collapsing-human-activity-catastrophe?CMP=share_btn_tw&__twitter_impression=true

Water

Water shortages could affect 5bn people by 2050, UN report warns
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/ma19/water-shortages-could-affect-5bn-people-by-2050-un-report-warns
By 2020 about 30-40% of the world will have water scarcity, and according to the researchers, climate change can make this even worse.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/07/140729093112.htm
With only 7% of the world’s freshwater, China plans to produce 807 million gallons a day from desalination by 2020, roughly quadruple the country’s current capacity.
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-04-09/china-embraces-desalination-to-ease-water-shortages
By 2025, an estimated 1.8 billion people will live in areas plagued by water scarcity, with two-thirds of the world’s population living in water-stressed regions.
http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/freshwatefreshwater-crisis/
There will be about 1 billion more mouths to feed worldwide by 2025 and global agriculture alone will require another 1 trillion cubic meters of water per year (equal to the annual flow of 20 Niles or 100 Colorado Rivers).
http://www.interactioncouncil.org/world-confronts-serious-water-crisis-former-heads-government-and-experts-warn-new-report
UN studies project that 30 nations will be water scarce in 2025, up from 20 in 1990.
http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2011/06/2011622193147231653.html
According to the U.S. Intelligence Community Assessment of Global Water Security, by 2030 humanity’s “annual global water requirements” will exceed “current sustainable water supplies” by 40%.
http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2012/05/the-coming-global-water-crisis/256896/
Water demand in India will reach 1.5 trillion cubic meters in 2030 while India’s current water supply is only 740 billion cubic meters.
http://www.mckinsey.com/client_service/sustainability/latest_thinking/charting_our_water_future
If current usage trends don’t change, the world will have only 60 percent of the water it needs in 2030.
http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2015/03/20/world/asia/ap-world-water-crisis.html?_r=0
By 2035, the world’s energy consumption will increase by 35 percent, which in turn will increase water use by 15 percent according to the International Energy Agency.
http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2014/01/16/will-water-constrain-our-energy-future
By the year 2040 there will not be enough water in the world to quench the thirst of the world population and keep the current energy and power solutions going if we continue doing what we are doing today.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/07/140729093112.htm
The number of people living in river basins under severe water stress is projected to reach 3.9 billion by 2050, totaling over 40% of the world’s population.
http://www.globalwaterforum.org/2012/05/21/water-outlook-to-2050-the-oecd-calls-for-early-and-strategic-action/
Compared to today, five times as much land is likely to be under “extreme drought” by 2050.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/6068348.stm
Feeding 9 billion people by 2050, will require a 60 percent increase in agricultural production and a 15 percent increase in water withdrawals.
http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/wateoverview
Water demand is projected to grow by 55 percent by 2050 (including a 400-percent rise in manufacturing water demand).
http://arstechnica.com/science/2012/03/hot-crowded-and-running-out-of-fuel-earth-of-2050-a-scary-place/
By 2050, 1 in 5 developing countries will face water shortages (UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization).
http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Global-Issues/2012/1202/Global-water-crisis-too-little-too-much-or-lack-of-a-plan
Between 2050 and 2100, there is an 85 percent chance of a drought in the Central Plains and Southwestern United States lasting 35 years or more.
http://www.livescience.com/49794-megadrought-prediction-southwest-plains.html
If farmers in Kansas keep irrigating at present rates, 69 percent of the Ogallala Aquifer will be gone in 50 years.
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/08/140819-groundwater-california-drought-aquifers-hidden-crisis/

Soil

Britain facing food crisis as world's soil 'vanishes in 60 years' - Telegraph
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/agriculture/farming/6828878/Britain-facing-food-crisis-as-worlds-soil-vanishes-in-60-years.html
Only 60 Years of Farming Left If Soil Degradation Continues - Sciam
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/only-60-years-of-farming-left-if-soil-degradation-continues/
We need to protect the world's soil before it's too late - Popular Science
https://www.popsci.com/topsoil-agriculture-food
Soil erosion - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
http://www.fao.org/docrep/t0389e/t0389e02.htm
We’re treating soil like dirt. It’s a fatal mistake, as our lives depend on it
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/ma25/treating-soil-like-dirt-fatal-mistake-human-life
Mass starvation is humanity’s fate if we keep flogging the land to death
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/dec/11/mass-starvation-humanity-flogging-land-death-earth-food
75% of Earth's Land Areas Are Degraded (news.nationalgeographic.com)
https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2018/03/ipbes-land-degradation-environmental-damage-report-spd/
Billions of people live on farmland that is deteriorating and producing less food
http://www.thisisplace.org/i/?id=7251ef46-1f44-43d6-a7ed-bde0782e825f

Ecology

The livestock sector could take between 37% and 49% of the GHG budget allowable under the 2°C and 1.5°C targets, respectively, by 2030.
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14693062.2018.1528965
Toxic Oilfield Wastewater Used to Grow California Organic Food
https://www.foodandwaterwatch.org/news/toxic-oilfield-wastewater-used-grow-california-food-including-organics
Tropical rainforests may be near a tipping point beyond our control
https://www.salon.com/2018/04/09/tropical-rainforests-may-be-near-a-tipping-point-beyond-our-control_partne
SMARTPHONES = Earth Dead Faster Than Expected
https://www.fastcodesign.com/90165365/smartphones-are-wrecking-the-planet-faster-than-anyone-expected
Sorry, Earth, The Ozone Layer Isn't Healing Itself After All
https://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2018/02/06/sorry-earth-the-ozone-layer-isnt-healing-itself-after-all/#7c85314f5418
The Earth-Space Battery And The Future of Life on Earth
http://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/112/31/9511.full.pdf
40% of Amazon Rainforest Already destroyed !!!
https://rainforests.mongabay.com/amazon/amazon_destruction.html
Tropical Deforestation Is the Third-Biggest Carbon Emitter in the World
https://psmag.com/environment/tropical-deforestation-leads-to-more-carbon-emissions
Inside the Amazon's deforestation crisis
https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/world/amazon-rainforest-deforestation-crisis/article37722932/
Rivers in the Sky: How Deforestation Is Affecting Global Water Cycles
https://e360.yale.edu/features/how-deforestation-affecting-global-water-cycles-climate-change
Palm Oil Was Supposed to Help Save the Planet. Instead It Unleashed a Catastrophe
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/20/magazine/palm-oil-borneo-climate-catastrophe.html
The spiralling environmental cost of our lithium battery addiction
https://www.wired.co.uk/article/lithium-batteries-environment-impact
Air Pollution Is Killing Kids (huffingtonpost.com)
https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/opinion-epa-pollution-health_us_5bf41da3e4b01909c809a8f5

Climate

Bitcoin alone could push global warming above 2°C in 15 years
https://www.futuretimeline.net/blog/2018/10/31.htm
Going Nowhere Fast on Climate, Year After Year
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/29/opinion/climate-change-global-warming-history.html
Major natural carbon sink may soon become carbon source
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/11/181120073635.htm
Science education must reflect reality: We only have 12 years to stop climate change
https://thehill.com/opinion/education/416082-science-education-must-reflect-reality-we-only-have-12-years-to-stop
Climate Change Causing More Severe Wildfires, Larger Insect Outbreaks in Temperate Forests
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/11/181107172914.htm
Uncounted fracking emissions means 2°C by 2030
https://www.desmogblog.com/2018/04/11/climate-change-two-degree-warming-fracking-natural-gas-rush-ingraffea
Australian researchers says energy use per person points to 2C warming by 2030
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/ma10/dangerous-global-warming-will-happen-sooner-than-thought-study
Seafloor Is Dissolving Because of Climate Change
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/d3qaek/the-seafloor-is-dissolving-because-climate-change?fbclid=IwAR2KlkP4MeakBnBeZkMSO_Q-ZVBRp1ZPMWz2EIJCI6J8fKStRSyX_gIM0-w
Scientists ponder risk of abrupt climate shift
https://www.yaleclimateconnections.org/2018/10/unknowingly-on-edge-of-a-climate-precipice/
Are we losing one of our biggest carbon dioxide sinks?
https://phys.org/news/2018-11-biggest-carbon-dioxide.html Ocean Storms Could Alter Kelp Forest Ecosystems
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/10/181030091427.htm

Artificial Intelligence

A.I. will replace 50% of all jobs in 10 years
https://www.cnbc.com/2017/04/27/kai-fu-lee-robots-will-replace-half-of-all-jobs.html A.I. will replace 50% of all jobs by 2025, a Swiss think-tank has warned
https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1018786/Artificial-intelligence-AI-robots-replace-humans-machines-take-over-jobs Robot automation will 'take 800 million jobs by 2030'
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-42170100 Doctors and lawyers will lose jobs to A.I. too
https://www.post-gazette.com/business/tech-news/2017/10/23/WorkZone-Yes-doctors-lawyers-automation-Vivek-Wadhwa-The-Driver-in-the-Driverless-Castories/201710220061

Species Feminization

Males of All Species are Becoming More Female
https://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2009/01/01/males-of-all-species-are-becoming-more-female.aspx
Pollution Causing Feminization of Males Across Multiple Species, The Independent
http://www.banderasnews.com/0812/eden-feminization.htm
Environmental impact of estrogens on human, animal and plant life, Science Direct
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412016304494
Warming warning over turtle feminization, PhysOrg
https://phys.org/news/2018-12-turtle-feminization.html
Environmental Warming and Feminization of Sea Turtle Populations, Cell.com
https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(17)31539-7
Demasculinization and feminization of male gonads by atrazine: Consistent effects across vertebrate classes, NIH
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4303243/
Are Endocrine Disruptors Blurring Issues of Gender? NIC
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1281309/
Background fish feminization effects in European remote sites, Nature
https://www.nature.com/articles/srep11292
Endocrine Disruption Found in Fish Exposed to Municipal Wastewater, USGS
https://toxics.usgs.gov/highlights/wastewater_fish.html
Evolution or Extinction of Men, Women's Health
www.hormonesmatter.com/endocrine-disruptors-mens-health/
Pharmaceuticals, Personal Care Products, and Endocrine Disruptors in Water
https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/b1e1/5a9dc18bec0de564d9b23fb7e8014b21422e.pdf

Stupification

The impact of exposure to air pollution on cognitive performance, PNAS
https://www.pnas.org/content/115/37/9193
Seniors and men are especially vulnerable to cognitive decline due to dirty air, Motherboard
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/xwkj7q/air-pollution-can-make-us-dumber-study-finds
Is air pollution making us stupider?
http://www.theweek.co.uk/96086/is-air-pollution-making-us-stupider
'Suppressed' EU report could have banned 31 pesticides worth billions, the report said pesticides are making us stupid, depressed and infertile, Guardian
https://munchies.vice.com/en_us/article/8qk3wb/a-new-european-report-claims-pesticides-make-us-stupid-depressed-and-infertile
Western diet cause reduced cognition, declining cognition and dementia, NIH
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5437154/
Too Much Screen Time Damages the Brain
https://www.psychologytoday.com/ca/blog/mental-wealth/201402/gray-matters-too-much-screen-time-damages-the-brain
What Screen Time Can Really Do to Kids' Brains
https://www.psychologytoday.com/ca/blog/behind-online-behavio201604/what-screen-time-can-really-do-kids-brains
Your smartphone📱is making you👈 stupid, antisocial 🙅 and unhealthy 😷. So why can't you put it down❔⁉️, The Globe & Mail
https://www.theglobeandmail.com/technology/your-smartphone-is-making-you-stupid/article37511900/
Myopia Epidemic From Too Much Screen Time, Not Enough Sunlight
https://keck.usc.edu/too-much-screen-time-is-raising-rate-of-childhood-myopia/

Demasculinization

Non-stick Frying Pans Making Penises Smaller
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-6462775/Mens-penises-half-inch-smaller-chemicals-non-stick-frying-pans.html
Western Male Sperm Counts Down 60% in 40 years
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/sperm-count-west-men-health-drop-60-per-cent-years-modern-life-a7859491.html
Generational decline in testosterone levels observed, (2007) Helio
https://www.healio.com/endocrinology/hormone-therapy/news/print/endocrine-today/%7Bac23497d-f1ed-4278-bbd2-92bb1e552e3a%7D/generational-decline-in-testosterone-levels-observed
You're Not The Man Your Father Was, Forbes
https://www.forbes.com/sites/neilhowe/2017/10/02/youre-not-the-man-your-father-was/#22a2609d8b7f
Lower testosterone levels in men are related to depression, lethargy, weight gain and lower cognitive ability.
Millennial men are significantly weaker than their fathers, The Telegraph
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/08/15/millennial-men-are-significantly-weaker-than-their-fathers/
Ship of Fools, Tucker Carlson
https://books.google.ca/books?id=Q_10DwAAQBAJ&pg=PA204&lpg=PA204&dq=Lower+testosterone+levels+in+men+are+related+to+depression,+lethargy,+weight+gain+and+lower+cognitive+ability.&source=bl&ots=gRWKRyp2MW&sig=y8tpuvyqW9v9AuN5CdXqz6x5PRI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwianojPucXfAhWCiYMKHcjEBIkQ6AEwEXoECAwQAQ

Academic And Scientific Fraud

1,500 scientists lift the lid on reproducibility
https://www.nature.com/news/1-500-scientists-lift-the-lid-on-reproducibility-1.19970
Is the Peer Review Process a Scam? - enago academy
https://www.enago.com/academy/is-peer-review-process-a-scam/
Let's end reviewer fraud - Publons
https://publons.com/blog/lets-end-reviewer-fraud/
107 cancer papers retracted due to peer review fraud | Ars Technica
https://arstechnica.com/science/2017/04/107-cancer-papers-retracted-due-to-peer-review-fraud/
Peer review: a flawed process at the heart of science - Google Scholar
http://scholar.google.ca/scholar_url?url=http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/014107680609900414&hl=en&sa=X&scisig=AAGBfm0D9oaDV4YG6rsHdvwE8ygJ8b4dgA&nossl=1&oi=scholarr
Why scientists need to do more about research fraud - Guardian
https://www.theguardian.com/science/occams-corne2018/jan/04/science-fraud-research-misconduct
Canadian researchers who commit scientific fraud are protected by privacy laws - The Toronto Star
https://www.theguardian.com/science/occams-corne2018/jan/04/science-fraud-research-misconduct
China cracks down after investigation finds massive peer-review fraud - science mag
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/07/china-cracks-down-after-investigation-finds-massive-peer-review-fraud
The Bottom of the Barrel of Science Fraud - Neuroskeptic
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/neuroskeptic/2017/11/30/worst-science-fraud/
Peer-Review Fraud — Hacking the Scientific Publication Process | NEJM
https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1512330
Scientific Fraud - EuroScientist journal
https://www.euroscientist.com/theme/scientific-fraud/
5 Common Types of Pharmaceutical Frauds You Should Know About!
https://community.intelex.com/explore/posts/5-common-types-pharmaceutical-frauds-you-should-know-about
Tribalization Tribalization. Why War is Coming
https://www.bozar.be/en/activities/146841-tribalization-why-war-is-coming
How America's identity politics went from inclusion to division
https://www.theguardian.com/society/2018/ma01/how-americas-identity-politics-went-from-inclusion-to-division
submitted by SuperMax33 to environment [link] [comments]

[Discussion] There is a discussion over if video games can art, but can they be used for academic purposes? (Please read post)

Hello KiA! Before we start this discussion, I want to put a number of qualifiers out there. I will provide a TL;DR at the end but please, don't accuse me of missing anything or whatever else if it may be resolved by reading the post to begin with - obviously if I do miss anything then please point that out! That said, if you don't want this essay then feel free to skip points 3-7.
  1. DISCLAIMER: I'm pretty anti-Gamergate, but this thread isn't here for the sake of trolling or vicious argument. I don't think that every single talking point within GG is wrong, but that both the stated problems and the implemented efforts are misguided. Nonetheless, please don't mistake my post history as evidence that I am here to denigrate GG. I'm 99% certain that my net post karma on KiA is quite positive, for what that's worth, but I put this first to contextualize everything below.
  2. The language of KiA about academia is, in my opinion, fairly different from the language within academia itself. There are those like Carl Benjamin, who see "academic" as a term describing an individual driven by an agenda with an facade of intellect, but I mean it in a more pragmatic sense. For those who are unfamiliar with the term "pedagogy", the philosophy of any "research program" will have at least some underpinnings in its own pedagogy: How is the research program - the collection of ideas constituting the any area of study from Organic Chemistry and Mathematics to Sociology, yes, Gender Studies (the validity, strength and backing of the ideas within those research programs notwithstanding) - taught, communicated or otherwise passed-down to students of higher education or in other context, such as an article, blog post, educational TV special, book and so on for any target audience, be it students, professionals or the everyday person?
  3. To expand even further on #2, something that really grabbed my attention was the Carl Benjamin vs. Kristi Winters debate. Yes, there has been discussion on this debate to the point of sickness and, yes, I am aware of KiA's complaints regarding the debate and its aftermath, but the one really striking moment of the debate (to me) was when Winters iterated on a previous point that looking at data and information is one thing, but that to understand information and to navigate complicated ideas and to really come to a grounded understanding of the world, one needs what she referred to as a "theoretical framework". Now, Winters has a PhD so it makes sense that she raises this point. What she was talking about was a research program. To describe it in terrible buzzwords, the paradigm of a research program is used to commensurate (another difficult word for those unfamiliar with it, basically two commensurable ideas are two ideas that "mesh" together. This is important because two ideas from two different research programs may not commensurate, and this is a serious philosophical problem because if there is such a thing as truth then two uncommensurable cannot both be correct. At least one must have an incorrect tenant.
  4. This is an aside but just because a research program has one flaw, it doesn't mean that the entire research program is worthless. Philosophers of science generally contend that as research programs are found to be flawed, they generate contradictions. They ideally investigate these contradictions and either resolve them to strengthen the research program, or the program eventually collapses under the weight of its contradictions and is abandoned in-favor of stronger alternatives.
  5. Winters said that when looking at gender studies, to understand and interpret data you need a theoretical framework. She asserted that the framework that would be used (she said "that you would use" or something to that extent) was feminism. Now, based on historical gender studies this is correct, but only in the definition of feminism as the historical research program of gender studies. That is 100% true, but how people would generally interpret that is that "feminists" have an ideological monopoly on gender studies. Now, that is a reductionist conclusion because there are four primary branches of "feminism" as an academic study, and now there is an even more complicated subtaxonomy. One could use this rhetorical trick to conclude that feminists control the entire field of gender studies, but this is likely not what Winters meant. However, it is important to note the following:
  6. Benjamin retorted that she (Winters) would use feminism, but that other people would use different structures/frameworks. This is difficult to imagine, because to depart from the study of feminism, would one have to discard more than a century of academic work, back from the earliest studies about how the gender of biological researchers impacts their interpretations of biological phenomena. One could call the framework something other than "feminism" but at that point the debate is worthless semantics, and "feminist" study under a different name would still be the same study. However, he's still not technically wrong in the regard that one could conceivably form a whole new philosophical framework from scratch.
  7. Winters asked Benjamin for an alternative and he said that he didn't know what an alternative would be, and that he didn't care. Now, this was damning for two reasons. The first is that if he doesn't actually care, then he either is a strict nihilist - and he certainly is not one - or he simply does not understand the basics of academic structure that have been described above. Now, this is understandable because he didn't pursue higher education, and it isn't even taught to most who complete a bachelors because it is the stuff of advance degrees. Without knowing about it, he couldn't have read about it specifically. However, it puts him in a really poor position to discuss academia. It doesn't prevent him from talking about campus climate, although his lack of experience still makes me raise an eyebrow when he does, but my personal view is that it makes all of his discussion about academia itself rather irrelevant, and that is for the second reason: Benjamin may sometimes retreat to talking points, but he makes hours-long videos regularly. Surely, he is talking about something within them, and he would have to put thought into what he's saying to produce so much content. Yet, he doesn't seem interested in providing a framework. Ironically, one could argue that he does, even if he doesn't realize it, but if he cannot think in-term of frameworks and systems then not only can he not understand academia, but he limits his ability to organize his own ideas and to be productive with them.
  8. With that out of the way, there are many questions that I could ask the Gamergate community about this topic, but what I really want to stick to is the question of if video games can be used for academic purposes by the previously-given definition of "academic". Can the be used to communicate substantial ideas, from Conway's The Game of Life and The Talos Principle's philosophical discussion, or to enable participation in academic research, like in the case of Foldit or even bitcoin mining? What of games that are meant to pose questions of morality and humanity like in Metal Gear Solid or Undertale, or to communicate an ethical system of environmentalism like in Oddworld? Can games cause the player to examine their own ideas and find their own solutions to difficult, relevant problems on their own terms? Is there a way that this should be done or not be done, specifically?
  9. This question is still very open-ended, but I would like to see KIA's thoughts. The second DISCLAIMER that I will provide is that I am somewhat researching this question in an academic research project that I am performing myself. I'm not discussing it for the sake of privacy and because I don't want to distract from the thread, but it is why I am interested in this question, and I am asking in this subreddit because I am looking for its perspective. I may ask the same question elsewhere, but since Gamergate has become a hot-spot of video game discussion, despite my own disagreements, I felt that it was worth asking here.
TL;DR: Can video games be used to teach ideas, be they practical, scientific, moral or philosophical? Can they communicate ideas, or ask players to engage those ideas on their own terms?
submitted by dotbykorsk to KotakuInAction [link] [comments]

Bi-Weekly Rational Feed

===Highly Recommended Articles:
Superintelligence Risk Project Update II by Jeff Kaufman - Jeff's thoughts and the sources he found most useful. Project is wrapping up in a few day. Topics: Technical Distance to AI. Most plausible scenarios of Superintelligence risk. OpenPhil's notes on how progress was potentially stalled in Cryonics and Nanotech.
Superintelligence Risk Project Update by Jeff Kaufman - Links to the three most informative readings on AI risk. Details on the large number of people Jeff has talked to. Three fundamental points of view on AI-Safety. Three Fundamental points of disagreement. An update on the original questions Jeff was trying to answer.
Podcast The World Needs Ai Researchers Heres How To Become One by 80,000 Hours - "OpenAI’s latest plans and research progress. Concrete Papers in AI Safety, which outlines five specific ways machine learning algorithms can act in dangerous ways their designers don’t intend - something OpenAI has to work to avoid. How listeners can best go about pursuing a career in machine learning and AI development themselves."
Radical Book Club The Decentralized Left by davidzhines (Status 451) - The nature of leftwing organizing and what righties can learn from it. An exposition of multiple books on radical left organization building. Major themes are "doing the work" and "decentralized leadership".
Study Of The Week To Remediate Or Not To Remediate by Freddie deBoer - Should low math proficiency students take remedial algebra or credit bearing statistics. The City University of New York ran an actual randomized study to test this. The study had pretty good controls. For example students were randomly assigned to three groups, participating professors taught one section of each group.
Kenneth Arrow On The Welfare Economics Of Medical Care A Critical Assessment by Artir (Nintil) - "Kenneth Arrow wrote a paper in 1963, Uncertainty and the Welfare Economics of Medical Care. This paper tends to appear in debates regarding whether healthcare can be left to the market (like bread), or if it should feature heavy state involvement. Here I explain what the paper says, and to what extent it is true."
Becoming Stronger Together by b4yes (lesswrong) - "About a year ago, a secret rationalist group was founded. This is a report of what the group did during that year."
The Destruction Of American Cuisine by Small Truths - America used to have a tremendous number of regional cuisines, most are dead. They were killed by supermarkets and frozen food. This has been costly both in terms of culture and health (antibiotic resistance, crop monoculture risk)
===Scott:
Targeting Meritocracy by Scott Alexander - Education and merit are different. Programming is one of the last meritocracies, this lets disadvantaged people get into the field. If a job is high impact we want to hire on merit. The original, literal meaning of meritocracy is important.
Classified Thread 2 Best In Classified by Scott Alexander - Scott is promoting a project to accelerate the trend of rationalists living near each other. There are four houses available for rent near Ward Street in Berkeley. Ward street is currently the rationalist hub in the Bay. Commenters can advertise other projects and services.
Url Of Sandwich by Scott Alexander - Standard links post, somewhat longer than usual.
Opec Thread by Scott Alexander - Bi-weekly open thread. Update on Scott and Katja's travels. Salt Lake City Meetup highlight. Topher Brennan is running for Senate.
Can We Link Perception And Cognition by Scott Alexander - SSC survey optical illusions. "So there seems to be a picture where high rates of perceptual ambiguity are linked to being weirder and (sometimes, in a very weak statistical way) lower-functioning." Speculation about fundamental connections between perception and cognitive style. Ideas for further research.
Change Minds Or Drive Turnout by Scott Alexander - Extreme candidates lower turnout among their own party. Is base turnout really the only thing that matters? Lots of quotes from studies.
===Rationalist:
Learning From Past Experiences by mindlevelup - "This is about finding ways to quickly learn from past experiences to inform future actions. We briefly touch upon different learning models." Model-based and Model-Free reinforcement learning. Practical advice and examples.
How Long Has Civilization Been Going by Elo (BearLamp) - Human agricultural society is only 342-1000 generations old. "Or when you are 24 years old you have lived one day for every year humans have had written records." Human civilization is only a few hundred lifetimes old.
Choices Are Bad by Zvi Moshowitz - Choices reduce perceived value. Choices require time and energy. Making someone choose is imposing a real cost.
Erisology Of Self And Will: The Gulf by Everything Studies - "Part 4 will discuss some scientific disciplines with bearing on the self, and how their results are interpreted differently by the traditional paradigm vs. the scientific."
Philosophy Vs Duck Tests by Robin Hanson - Focusing on deep structure vs adding up weak cues. If it looks like an x... More discussion of whether most people will consider ems people and/or conscious.
Knowing How To Define by AellaGirl - "These are three ways in which a word can be ‘defined’ – the role it plays in the world around it (the up-definition), synonyms (lateral-definition), and the parts which construct the thing (down-definition)." Applications to morality and free-will.
Change Is Bad by Zvi Moshowitz - "Change space, like mind space, is deep and wide. Friendly change space isn’t quite to change space what friendly mind space is to mind space, but before you apply any filters of common sense, it’s remarkably close." A long list of conditions that mean change has lower expected value. Why we still need to make changes. Keep your eyes open.
Meditation Insights Suffering And Pleasure Are Intrinsically Bound Together by Kaj Sotala - The concrete goal of meditation is to train your peripheral awareness. Much suffering comes from false promises of pleasure. Procrastinating to play a videogame won't actually make you feel better. Temptation losses its power once you truly see the temptations for what they truly are.
Be My Neighbor by Katja Grace - Katja lives in a rationalist house on ward street in Berkeley and its great. The next step up is a rationalist neighborhood. Katja is promoting the same four houses as Scott. Be her neighbor?
What Value Subagents by G Gordan (Map and Territory) - Splitting the mind into subagents is a common rationalist model (links to Alicorn, Briene Yudkowsky, etc). However the author preferred model is a single process with inconsistent preferences. Freud. System 1 and System 2. The rider and the Elephant become one. Subagents as masks. Subagents as epicycles.
The Order Of The Soul by Ben Hoffman (Compass Rose) - The philosophy of accepting things vs the impulse to reshape them. Many philosophical and psychological models split the soul into three. Internalized authority vs seeing the deep structure of moral reality. In some sense math is the easiest thing in the world to learn. School poisons the enjoyment of rational thought. Lockhart's lament. Feynman. Eichmann and thinking structurally.
Aliens Merely Sleeping by Tyler Cowen - The universe is currently too hot for artificial life to be productive. Advanced civilizations might be freezing themselves until the universe cools. "They could achieve up to 1030 times more than if done today" [short]
Book Reviews by Torello (lesswrong) - Rationalist Adjacent. Each book has an interesting 'ideas per page' rating. Homo Deus, Sapiens, Super-intelligence, Surfaces and Essences, What Technology Wants, Inside Jokes, A Skeptic's Guide to the Mind.
Geometers Scribes Structure Intelligence by Ben Hoffman (Compass Rose) - "How does spatial reasoning lead to formal, logical reasoning?" Fluid and crystalized intelligence. Some history of Philosophy. How social dynamics lead to the evolution of reasoning. Talmudic and Western law, and their oddities. Universal Grammar and connecting with the divine. FizzBuzz.
High Dimensional Societies by Robin Hanson - In high dimensional space the distance between points varies less. What implications does this have for 'spatial' social science models (ex analogues of 1D spectrums and 2D graphs).
Feelings In The Map by Elo (BearLamp) - Confusion is not a property of the external world. The same holds for many emotions. Non-violent communication and speaking from your own perspective.
Lesswrong Is Not About Forum Software by enye-word (lesswrong) - The best way to increase activity on lesswrong is to get back the top posters, especially Scott and Eliezer.
Explication by mindlevelup - "This essay is about explication, the notion of making things specific. I give some examples involving Next Actions and systematization. This might also just be obvious to many people. Part of it is also a rehash of Act Into Uncertainty. Ultimately, explication is about changing yourself."
Concrete Instructions by Elo (BearLamp) - "The objective test of whether the description is concrete is whether the description can be followed by an anonymous person to produce the same experience." Some examples including the 'paper folding game'.
Human Seems Low Dimensional by Robin Hanson - 'Humanness' seems to be a one dimensional variable. Hence people are likely to consider ems conscious and worthy of decent treatment since ems are human-like on many important factors. Some discussion of a study where people rated how human-like various entities were.
Erisology Of Self And Will: A Natural Offering by Everything Studies - A description of naturalism and it relation to science. Daniel Dennet. Many philosophers are still dualists about the self. The self as a composite. Freedom as emergent.
The Hungry Brain by Bayesian Investor - A short review that focuses on the basics of Guynet's ideas and meta-discussion of why Guynet included so much neuroscience. "Guyenet provides fairly convincing evidence that it’s simple to achieve a healthy weight while feeling full. (E.g. the 20 potatoes a day diet)."
Boost From The Best by Robin Hanson - [Age of Em] How many standard deviations above the mean will be the best em be? How much better will they be than the second best em? How much of a wage/leisure premium will the best em receive.
Becoming Stronger Together by b4yes (lesswrong) - "About a year ago, a secret rationalist group was founded. This is a report of what the group did during that year."
In Praise Of Fake Frameworks by Valentine (lesswrong) - "I use a lot of fake frameworks — that is, ways of seeing the world that are probably or obviously wrong in some important way. I think this is an important skill. There are obvious pitfalls, but I think the advantages are more than worth it. In fact, I think the "pitfalls" can even sometimes be epistemically useful."
Letter To Future Layperson by Sailor Vulcan (BYS) - A letter from someone in our age to someone post singularity. Description of the hardships and terrors of pre-singularity life. Emotional and poetic. ~5K words.
===AI:
Conversation With An Ai Researcher by Jeff Kaufman - The anonymous researcher thinks AI progress is almost entirely driven by hardware and data. Back propagation has existed for a long time. Go would have taken at least 10 more years if go-aI work had remained constrained by academic budgets.
Openai Baselines PPO by Open Ai - "We’re releasing a new class of reinforcement learning algorithms, Proximal Policy Optimization (PPO), which perform comparably or better than state-of-the-art approaches while being much simpler to implement and tune. PPO has become the default reinforcement learning algorithm at OpenAI because of its ease of use and good performance."
Superintelligence Risk Project Update II by Jeff Kaufman - Jeff's thoughts and the sources he found most useful. Project is wrapping up in a few day. Topics: Technical Distance to AI. Most plausible scenarios of Superintelligence risk. OpenPhil's notes on how progress was potentially stalled in Cryonics and Nanotech.
Real Debate Robots Education by Tyler Cowen - Robots are already becoming part of the classroom. K-12 is an artificially creation anyway. Robots can help autistic or disabled children. Children sometimes trust robots too much.
Robust Adversarial Inputs by Open Ai - "We’ve created images that reliably fool neural network classifiers when viewed from varied scales and perspectives. This challenges a claim from last week that self-driving cars would be hard to trick maliciously since they capture images from multiple scales, angles, perspectives, and the like."
What Is Overfitting Exactly by Andrew Gelman - "If your model is correct, “overfitting” is impossible. In its usual form, “overfitting” comes from using too weak of a prior distribution."
Conversation With Bryce Wiedenbeck by Jeff Kaufman - "AGI is possible, it could be a serious problem, but we can't productively work on it now." AGI will look very different from current technologies. Utility functions are a poor model of human behavior.
Examples Of Superintelligence Risk by Jeff Kaufman - A series of extended quotes describing ways AI with innocent seeming goals can destroy the world. Authors: Nick Bostrom, Eliezer (and collaborators), Luke M, 80K hours, Tim Urban. Jeff finds them unpersuasive and asks for better ones. Lots of interesting comments. Eleizer himself comments describing how 'paperclip maximizers' might realistically occur.
Superintelligence Risk Project Update by Jeff Kaufman - Links to the three most informative readings on AI risk. Details on the large number of people Jeff has talked to. Three fundamental points of view on AI-Safety. Three Fundamental points of disagreement. An update on the original questions Jeff was trying to answer.
Conversation With Michael Littman by Jeff Kaufman - CS Professor at Brown's opinions: Deep Learning is surprisingly brittle in his experience. General Intelligence will require large fundamental advances. The AI risk community isn't testing their ideas so they probably aren't making real progress.
===EA:
EAGX Relaunch by Roxanne_Heston (EA forum) - The EA global satellite EAGA-X conferences have been low activity. Changes: More funding and flexibility. Standardized formats. Fewer groups approved. Stipends to primary organizers.
Uncertainty Smoothes Out Differences In Impact by The Foundational Research Institute - Many inside view evaluations conclude that one intervention is orders of magnitude more effective than another. Uncertainty significantly reduces these ratios.
Autonomy: A Search For A Measure Will Pearson (EA forum) - "I shall introduce a relatively formal measure of autonomy, based on the intuition that it is the ability to do things by yourself with what you have. The measure introduced allows you to move from less to more autonomy, without being black and white about it. Then I shall talk about how increasing autonomy fits in with the values of movements such as poverty reduction, ai risk reduction and the reduction of suffering."
Eight media articles on GiveDirectly, Cash Transers and Basic Income.- A world where 8 men own as much wealth as 3.6 billion people by GiveDirectly -
More Giving Vs Doing by Jeff Kaufman - EA is moving far more money than it used to and the ramp up will continue. This means direct work has become relatively more valuable. Nonetheless giving money is still useful, capacity isn't being filled. Jeff plans on earning to give based on his personal constraints.
Why I Think The Foundational Research Institute by Mike Johnson (EA forum) - A description of the FRI. Good things about FRI. FRI's research framework and why the author is worried. Eight long objections. TLDR: "functionalism ("consciousness is the sum-total of the functional properties of our brains") sounds a lot better than it actually turns out to be in practice. In particular, functionalism makes it impossible to define ethics & suffering in a way that can mediate disagreements."
Tranquilism by The Foundational Research Institute - A paper arguing that reducing suffering is more important than promoting happiness. Axiology. Non-consciousness. Common Objections. Conclusion.
An Argument For Why The Future May Be Good by Ben West (EA forum) - Factory farming shows that humans are deeply cruel. Technology enabled this cruelty, perhaps the future will be even darker. Counterargument: Humans are lazy, not evil. Humans as a group will spend at least small amounts altruistically. In the future the cost of reducing suffering will go down low enough that suffering will be rare or non-existent.
Arguments Moral Advocacy by The Foundational Research Institute - "What does moral advocacy look like in practice? Which values should we spread, and how? How effective is moral advocacy compared to other interventions such as directly influencing new technologies? What are the most important arguments for and against focusing on moral advocacy?"
An Argument For Broad And Inclusive by Kaj Sotala (EA forum) - "I argue for a very broad, inclusive EA, based on the premise that the culture of a region is more important than any specific group within that region... As a concrete strategy, I propose a division into low-level and high-level EA"
Not Everybody wants a Goat by GiveDirectly - Eight links on GiveDirectly, Cash Transfers, Effective Altruism and Basic Income.
Mid Year Update by The GiveWell Blog - Encouraging more charities to apply. More research of potential interventions. Short operations recap. GiveWell is focusing more on outreach.
===Politics and Economics:
College Tuition by Tom Bartleby - Sticker prices for college have gone up 15K in twenty years, but the average actual cost has only gone up 2.5K. High prices are almost compensated by high aid. Advantage: more equitable access to education. Disadvantages: Not everyone knows about the aid, financial aid is large enough it can seriously distort family financial decisions.
War Of Wages Part 1 Apples And Walmarts by Jacob Falkovich (Put A Number On It!) - The Author thinks minimum wage hurts the poor. Walmart can't afford higher wages. Copenhagan Interpretation of Ethics: Walmart helps the poor and gets blamed, Apple does nothing for the poor but avoids blame.
Links 10 by Artir (Nintil) - Tons of links. Economics, Psychology, AI, Philosophy, Misc.
Pretend Ask Answer by Ben Hoffman (Compass Rose) - A short dialogue about Patriarchy and the meaning of oppression. Defensive actions are often a response to bad faith from the other side. Its not ok to explicitly say you think your partner is arguing in bad faith.
Cultural Studies Ironically Is Something Of A Colonizer by Freddie deBoer - An origin story for Writing Studies. The fields initial methodological diversity. Cultural studies took over the field, empirical work has been pushed out. Evidence that some cultural studies professors really do believe its fundamentally bigoted to do science and empirical research endangers marginalized students. The field has become insular.
The Dark Arts Examples From The Harris Adams Debate by Stabilizer (lesswrong) - The author accuses Scott Adams of using various dark Arts: Changing the subject, Motte-and-bailey, Euphemisation, Diagnosis, Excusing, Cherry-picking evidence.
Study Of The Week Modest But Real Benefits From Lead Exposure Interventions by Freddie deBoer - Freddie reviews a survey he found via SSC. The study had very good controls. Methodology is explained and key graphs are posted and discussed. Scott and Freddie seem to agree on the facts but have a different opinion on how large to consider the effects.
Descriptive And Prescriptive Standards by Simon Penner (Status 451) - Leadership means winning the Keynesian Beauty Contest. Public opinion doesn't exist as a stable reality. Prescribing public opinion. Dangers of social reform and leaders twisting the facts to promote noble outcomes.
A Taylorism For All Seasons by Lou (sam[]zdat) - "Christopher Lasch – The Culture of Narcissism, part 1/X, current essay being more of an overview." A Masquerade where you must act out the mask you choose.
Mechanism Agnostic Low Plasticity Educational Realism by Freddie deBoer - Freddie's educational philosophy. People sort into persistent academic strata. Educational attainment is heavily determined by factors outside of school's control. The mechanism differences in academic ability is unknown. Social and political implications.
Kin Aesthetics Excommunicate Me From The Church Of Social Justice by Frances Lee - A SJ-insider's critical opinion of SJ. Fear of being impure. Original Sin. Reproducing colonial structures of power and domination within social justice. Everyday Feminism's belittling articles. More humility. Bringing humanity to everyone, even those who have been inhumane.
Study Of The Week To Remediate Or Not To Remediate by Freddie deBoer - Should low math proficiency students take remedial algebra or credit bearing statistics. The City University of New York ran an actual randomized study to test this. The study had pretty good controls. For example students were randomly assigned to three groups, participating professors taught one section of each group.
Should We Build Lots More Housing In San Francisco: Three Reasons People Disagree by Julia Galef - For each of the three reasons Julia describes multiple sub-reasons. More housing might not lower prices much. More housing won't help the poor. NIMBY objections might be legitimate.
Kenneth Arrow On The Welfare Economics Of Medical Care A Critical Assessment by Artir (Nintil) - "Kenneth Arrow wrote a paper in 1963, Uncertainty and the Welfare Economics of Medical Care. This paper tends to appear in debates regarding whether healthcare can be left to the market (like bread), or if it should feature heavy state involvement. Here I explain what the paper says, and to what extent it is true."
Thoughts On Doxxing by Ozy (Thing of Things) - CNN found the identity of the guy who made the video of Trump beating up CNN. They implied they would dox him if he continued being racist. Is doxxing him ok? What about doxxing someone who runs jailbait? Ozy discusses the practical effect of doxxing and unleashing hate mobs.
On The Seattle Minimum Wage Study Part 2 by Zvi Moshowitz - Several relevant links are included. Seattle's economic boom and worker composition changes are important factors. Zvi dives deep into the numbers and tries to resolve an apparent contradiction.
Radical Book Club The Decentralized Left by davidzhines (Status 451) - The nature of leftwing organizing and what righties can learn from it. An exposition of multiple books on radical left organization building. Major themes are "doing the work" and "decentralized leadership".
On The Seattle Minimum Wage Study Part 1 by Zvi Moshowitz - The claimed effect sizes are huge. Zvi's priors about the minimum wage. Detailed description of some of the paper's methods and how it handle potential issues. Discussion of the raw data. More to come in part 2.
===Misc:
Childcare II by Jeff Kaufman - A timeline of childcare for Jeff's two children. Methods: Staying at home, Daycare, Au pair, Nanny.
Easier Chess Problem by protokol2020 - How many pieces do you need to capture a black queen?
Book Review Mathematics For Computer Science by richard_reitz (lesswrong) - Why the text should be in the MIRI research guide. Intro. Prereqs. Detailed comparisons to similar texts. Complaints.
Information is Physical by Scott Aaronson - Is information is physical a contentful expression? Why 'physics is information' is tautological. A proposed definition. Double slit experiment. Observation in Quantum Mechanics. Information takes up a minimum amount of space. Entropy. Information has nowhere to go.
Book Review Working Effectively With Legacy Code By Michael C Feathers by Eli Bendersky - To improve code we must refactor, to refactor we have to test, making code testable may take heroic efforts. "The techniques described by the author are as terrible as the code they're up against."
The Ominouslier Roar Of The Bitcoin Wave by Artem and Venkat (ribbonfarm) - A video visualizing and audiolizing the bitcoin blockchain. A related dialogue.
From Monkey Neurons To The Meta Brain by Hal Morris (ribbonfarm) - Neurons that only fire in response to Jennifer Anniston. Mirror Neurons. Theory of Mind. The path from copying movement to human-level empathy. Infant development. Dreams as social simulator. Communicating with our models of other people. He rapidly accelerating and dangerous future. We need to keep our mind open to possibilities.
Newtonism Question by protokol2020 - Balancing Forces. Gravity problem.
Short Interview Writing by Tyler Cowen - Tyler Cowen's writing habits. Many concrete details such as when he writes and what program he uses. Some more general thoughts on writing such as Tyler's surprising answer to which are his favorite books on writing.
Unexpected by protokol2020 - Discussion of gaps between primes. "Say, that you have just sailed across some recordly wide composite lake and you are on a prime island again. What can you expect, how much wider will the next record lake be?"
Interacting With A Long Running Child Process In Python by Eli Bendersky - Using the subprocess module to run an http server. Solutions and analysis of common use cases. Lots of code.
4d Mate Problem by protokol2020 - How many queens do you need to get a checkmate in 4D chess.
The Destruction Of American Cuisine by Small Truths - America used to have a tremendous number of regional cuisines, most are dead. They were killed by supermarkets and frozen food. This has been costly both in terms of culture and health (antibiotic resistance, crop monoculture risk)
===Podcast:
Sally Satel On Organ Donation by EconTalk - "The challenges of increasing the supply of donated organs for transplantation and ways that public policy might increase the supply." Tax Credits. The ethics of donor compensation.
Podcast The World Needs Ai Researchers Heres How To Become One by 80,000 Hours - "OpenAI’s latest plans and research progress. Concrete Papers in AI Safety, which outlines five specific ways machine learning algorithms can act in dangerous ways their designers don’t intend – something OpenAI has to work to avoid. How listeners can best go about pursuing a career in machine learning and AI development themselves."
88 Must We Accept A Nuclear North Korea by Waking Up with Sam Harris - "Mark Bowden and the problem of a nuclear-armed North Korea."
Triggered by Waking Up with Sam Harris - "Sam Harris and Scott Adams debate the character and competence of President Trump."
Conversation Atul Gawande by Tyler Cowen - The marginal value of health care, AI progress in medicine, fear of genetic engineering, whether the checklist method applies to marriage, FDA regulation, surgical regulation, Michael Crichton and Stevie Wonder, wearables, what makes him weep, Knausgaard and Ferrante, why surgeons leave sponges in patients.
Nneka Jones Tapia by The Ezra Klein Show - The first psychologist to run a prison. 30% of inmates have diagnosed mental health problems. Mental heath view of the penal system, balancing punishment and treatment, responsibility versus mental instability, the tension between what we use jail for and what we should use jail for.
Tamar Haspel by EconTalk - "Why technology helps make some foods inexpensive, how animals are treated, the health of the honey bee, and whether eggs from your backyard taste any better than eggs at the grocery."
From Cells To Cities by Waking Up with Sam Harris - "Biological and social systems scale, the significance of fractals, the prospects of radically extending human life, the concept of “emergence” in complex systems, the importance of cities, the necessity for continuous innovation"
Inside The World Of Supertraining: Mark Bell by Tim Feriss - "Mark’s most important lessons for building strength. How to avoid injury and breakdown. Lesser-known training techniques that nearly everyone overlooks. How Mark became a millionaire by offering his gym memberships for free."
Eddie Izzard by The Ezra Klein Show - 27 marathons in 27 days, process for writing jokes, why he wants to run for parliament, inspiration from Al Franken's, borrowing confidence from his future self. What he learned as a street performer, routines are based on history and anthropology, World War I, 'cake or death?'. His gender identity, and how he integrated it into his act early on, etc.
Martha Nussbaum by EconTalk - "The tension between acquiring power and living a life of virtue. Topics discussed include Hamilton's relationship with Aaron Burr, Burr's complicated historical legacy, and the role of the humanities in our lives."
Rs 188 Robert Kurzban On Being Strategically Wrong by Rationally Speaking - Why Everyone (Else) is a Hypocrite." The "modular mind" hypothesis, and how it explains hypocrisy, self-deception, and other seemingly irrational features of human nature.
submitted by deluks917_ to slatestarcodex [link] [comments]

Subreddit Stats: CanadaPolitics posts from 2017-11-17 to 2017-12-14 21:55 PDT

Period: 26.92 days
Submissions Comments
Total 941 21286
Rate (per day) 34.95 762.33
Unique Redditors 266 2329
Combined Score 32739 150061

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 3428 points, 60 submissions: _Minor_Annoyance
    1. Poll suggests majority of Canadians backs outright ban on guns in urban areas (395 points, 1213 comments)
    2. Ottawa to build 100,000 new affordable units, recognize housing as 'fundamental right ' (345 points, 113 comments)
    3. Justin Trudeau Is ‘Very Concerned’ With FCC’s Plan to Roll Back Net Neutrality (294 points, 79 comments)
    4. Harper Government Identified ‘Mental Health Issues’ as a Root Cause of Terrorism, Secret Documents Show (265 points, 100 comments)
    5. Conservatives accused of free speech double standard after Catholic university blocks abortion film (216 points, 143 comments)
    6. Federal government proposes changes designed to drop cost of patented drugs (173 points, 40 comments)
    7. Andrew Coyne: Tories can stop blowing smoke because there’s nothing suspicious about Morneau share selloff (144 points, 100 comments)
    8. Trudeau government wants to 'demystify' G7 summit by involving Canadians (132 points, 37 comments)
    9. Canadian workforce is more educated and sitting in traffic longer than ever before: 2016 census (104 points, 15 comments)
    10. Conservative party leadership advisor helped create anti-Islam organization (90 points, 54 comments)
  2. 1991 points, 109 submissions: idspispopd
    1. Video of starving polar bear in Canada's Arctic re-ignites conversations about climate change (209 points, 131 comments)
    2. Proportional Representation Will Provide Balance, Not Extremism (199 points, 145 comments)
    3. Manitoba gets failing grade for 'nightmare' rates of child poverty (124 points, 25 comments)
    4. N.W.T. residents can now choose 'X' as gender on IDs (87 points, 36 comments)
    5. Nunavut creates country food safety guidelines to boost traditional menus across territory (87 points, 40 comments)
    6. 'We want Nunavut to shine:' Territory's new premier looks to the future (82 points, 5 comments)
    7. B.C.’s upcoming referendum on electoral reform will stand, Attorney-General says (82 points, 50 comments)
    8. Jagmeet Singh takes shot at Jason Kenney in swing through Alberta (62 points, 28 comments)
    9. Uniformed police won’t be allowed to march in Vancouver’s Pride Parade (56 points, 85 comments)
    10. Thawing permafrost causes $51M in damages every year to N.W.T. public infrastructure: study (48 points, 4 comments)
  3. 1548 points, 14 submissions: steadly
    1. This Conservative Politician Said Weed Is Just As Deadly as Fentanyl (492 points, 176 comments)
    2. Prime Minister announces nomination of the Honourable Sheilah L. Martin to the Supreme Court of Canada (283 points, 146 comments)
    3. Liberals 41, Conservatives 30, NDP 18, Green 7 : Nanos (147 points, 79 comments)
    4. Bill Morneau says Ottawa has no plans for a Netflix tax (132 points, 46 comments)
    5. Prime Minister names the Honourable Richard Wagner as new Chief Justice of Canada (113 points, 48 comments)
    6. Singh launched NDP byelection campaign in wrong Scarborough riding (113 points, 75 comments)
    7. Trudeau government sets new record for vacant appointments (62 points, 23 comments)
    8. Prime Minister announces the appointment of two new Senators (53 points, 42 comments)
    9. Cabinet ministers don't resign nowadays, they just linger and then get shuffled (39 points, 1 comment)
    10. $100 million for gay purge victims as PM apologizes for LGBTQ discrimination (33 points, 6 comments)
  4. 1235 points, 19 submissions: MethoxyEthane
    1. Federal marijuana legislation passed third reading in the House of Commons, headed for the Senate (215 points, 96 comments)
    2. Trudeau says Canadians need a 'mindset change' to tackle sexual assault (191 points, 85 comments)
    3. PEI Green Party win their second seat in the Charlottetown-Parkdale provincial by-election (109 points, 28 comments)
    4. Ontario PC leader Patrick Brown releases full platform 6 months ahead of provincial campaign (104 points, 137 comments)
    5. Speaker kicks Tory MP Blake Richards out of Question Period (95 points, 31 comments)
    6. Premier Kathleen Wynne sues opposition leader Patrick Brown for defamation (90 points, 56 comments)
    7. Trudeau set to name new judge to Supreme Court of Canada on Wednesday morning (87 points, 31 comments)
    8. Kathleen Wynne calls $12B in savings in PC platform ‘ridiculous’ (83 points, 68 comments)
    9. Liberal government backs bill that demands full implementation of UN Indigenous rights declaration (55 points, 41 comments)
    10. December 11 By-Election Discussion Thread (49 points, 322 comments)
  5. 1094 points, 5 submissions: StrudleNudle
    1. Comparing marijuana to fentanyl is social conservatism without a clue: Opinion (723 points, 115 comments)
    2. Liberals rebound in polls, Nanos says women giving Grits lead over Conservatives - The Hill Times (161 points, 185 comments)
    3. Liberals 40, Conservatives 31, NDP 17, Green 7: Nanos (112 points, 116 comments)
    4. 'Charterpedia' launched by the DOJ today. Summarizes every Charter right and it's completely noted up. (87 points, 21 comments)
    5. Tory pit bull Poilievre looks for ‘vulnerability’ in attacks on Morneau (11 points, 13 comments)
  6. 894 points, 34 submissions: uadoption
    1. Conservative comparison of pot to fentanyl 'irresponsible': Health minister (223 points, 29 comments)
    2. Canada vows to aggressively defend lumber sector after duties confirmed by U.S. (207 points, 43 comments)
    3. ‘Keep our great country safe from all the weed,’ Conservative critic pleads in Parliament poem (115 points, 107 comments)
    4. Driverless trucks are coming to Canada and the impact will be profound (108 points, 172 comments)
    5. The secret of happiness for Quebec anglos (26 points, 83 comments)
    6. Making the link between animal and human abuse (23 points, 9 comments)
    7. Bell's 'Let's Talk' campaign rings hollow for employees suffering panic attacks, vomiting and anxiety (16 points, 7 comments)
    8. Watch China's efforts to influence as Canada pursues trade, says former envoy (15 points, 0 comments)
    9. Nearly half of illegal border-crossers into Canada are from Haiti (14 points, 7 comments)
    10. Refugee system isn't for those seeking better economic life: Trudeau (14 points, 2 comments)
  7. 891 points, 30 submissions: OrzBlueFog
    1. Maxime Bernier reiterates opposition to Net Neutrality (352 points, 173 comments)
    2. Unionized Halifax Shipyard workers vote 99% in favour of strike mandate [NS] (204 points, 55 comments)
    3. Nova Scotia announces pot will be sold through NSLC and online [NS] (72 points, 13 comments)
    4. Feds willing to give more pot tax revenue to provinces to help municipalities (60 points, 15 comments)
    5. Live at a tony address? Postal Code Project puts Canada's richest neighbourhoods in taxman's crosshairs (26 points, 12 comments)
    6. [Meta] Comment sort order - controversial? (26 points, 29 comments)
    7. Child Advocate wins battle for mandatory reporting of deaths, critical injuries [NL] (15 points, 0 comments)
    8. Nova Scotia community hopes rocket launch site will revitalize economy [NS] (13 points, 5 comments)
    9. NDP executives resign in protest over party leader Gary Burrill [NS] (12 points, 2 comments)
    10. Former Dion human rights aide pans Ottawa arms-control plans (11 points, 1 comment)
  8. 765 points, 1 submission: GumboBenoit
    1. As US prepares to gut net neutrality rules, Canada strengthens them (765 points, 112 comments)
  9. 716 points, 5 submissions: BattlestarBattaglia
    1. Inside Bell's Push To End Net Neutrality In Canada (479 points, 91 comments)
    2. Fraud investigation casts cloud over Ontario PCs’ platform launch (78 points, 23 comments)
    3. Patrick Brown’s fiscally risky, economically dubious plan for Ontario (66 points, 49 comments)
    4. Wynne says PC leader Patrick Brown’s hope of finding painless cuts is ‘nonsense’ (47 points, 33 comments)
    5. Police sift through ballot boxes in Hamilton PC nomination investigation (46 points, 4 comments)
  10. 710 points, 31 submissions: scottb84
    1. As Canadians consume ‘harmful’ levels of sodium, officials urge chefs to limit salt but face resistance (157 points, 109 comments)
    2. University of Toronto contract academic staff vote 91% in favour of strike mandate (82 points, 9 comments)
    3. The Deadly Racism of Thunder Bay: A series of stalled police investigations reveals a city that’s indifferent to Indigenous lives (73 points, 52 comments)
    4. No, postmodernism at universities isn'€™t a vile, cancerous doctrine (64 points, 88 comments)
    5. Toss of the Bitcoin: Canadians have poured millions into blockchain, but many don’t know what they’re buying (51 points, 33 comments)
    6. Andrew Scheer’s dad jeans and awkward hellos are painstakingly deliberate (43 points, 64 comments)
    7. The Misguided Fight Against Sex-Ed Reform: Alberta’s proposed curriculum has been met with the same tired controversy—and it isn’t making kids any safer (36 points, 3 comments)
    8. Toronto rental vacancy rates lowest in 16 years (32 points, 3 comments)
    9. Booze, drugs involved in 73 oilsands safety incidents since 2013, Suncor says (20 points, 7 comments)
    10. Buzzkillers: A brief history of the LCBO (17 points, 0 comments)
  11. 707 points, 30 submissions: kingbuns2
    1. Map showing Post-Secondary Degrees of Canadian MPs | Created by CanadianHistorian (152 points, 78 comments)
    2. Inuit want free travel over international waters between Canada, Greenland (104 points, 18 comments)
    3. On the Rails: A Case for Renewed Leftist Infatuation with Transport (80 points, 44 comments)
    4. Trudeau says housing is a human right — what does that mean exactly? UN says such a recognition does not mean the government has to build all of the nation's housing stock (68 points, 29 comments)
    5. Poll reveals Canadians' view of residential schools (36 points, 41 comments)
    6. Cashing In On Trump’s War on Universities: Republicans are gutting U.S. education; Canada — with boldness — can reap the benefits (30 points, 2 comments)
    7. Activists say Ottawa should deliver housing funds over two years, instead of 11 (29 points, 3 comments)
    8. African aid can’t keep up with stolen wealth (23 points, 4 comments)
    9. B.C. needs a brisk boost to $15/hr minimum wage: No reason for province to take a slower road than Ontario or Alberta (23 points, 20 comments)
    10. Postmedia, Torstar Marching Toward Media Monopolies: Journalism suffers as corporations swap papers to end competition (18 points, 1 comment)
  12. 695 points, 3 submissions: floatingpaper
    1. Canada will not move embassy to Jerusalem, federal government says (378 points, 236 comments)
    2. Ontario passes Cannabis Act, will take effect July 1, 2018 | Toronto Star (273 points, 166 comments)
    3. I highly recommend the show Political Blind Date by TVO. (44 points, 7 comments)
  13. 583 points, 3 submissions: Savage_N0ble
    1. Canadians want Ottawa to ban use of tax havens, poll finds | Toronto Star (478 points, 125 comments)
    2. Ottawa pressed on new registry to flush out mystery corporations (66 points, 26 comments)
    3. When it comes to harassment in politics, powerful people are writing rules for themselves: Neil Macdonald - CBC News (39 points, 13 comments)
  14. 554 points, 8 submissions: ThornyPlebeian
    1. Canada Jobless Rate Falls to Lowest in a Decade on Hiring Surge (228 points, 93 comments)
    2. Liberal Gordie Hogg defeats former Tory cabinet minister in South Surrey-White Rock (179 points, 94 comments)
    3. Trudeau to offer formal apology for LGBTQ persecution (70 points, 76 comments)
    4. Liberal MP accuses Conservative James Bezan of ‘humiliating’ sexual comments (48 points, 56 comments)
    5. Feds table bill to expunge 'unjust' convictions of LGBTQ Canadians (16 points, 16 comments)
    6. New fighter-jet competition to have 'economic interest' requirement (10 points, 8 comments)
    7. PM Trudeau strayed too far from historic wrongs in LGBTQ apology: Tory MPs (2 points, 0 comments)
    8. Canadian Surface Combatant team, led by Lockheed Martin Canada, unveiled (1 point, 5 comments)
  15. 539 points, 21 submissions: CytheYounger
    1. Canadian hate crimes growing and more violent for third straight year (302 points, 300 comments)
    2. Big Oil abandoning Canada’s oilsands in quest for cleaner crude (48 points, 39 comments)
    3. Washington Governor Touts Vancouver-Portland High-Speed Rail (44 points, 8 comments)
    4. Alberta's Rachel Notley urges Trudeau to speak up for pipelines (43 points, 77 comments)
    5. Despite What Politicians Say, Hundreds of BC Gas Wells Leak Methane (30 points, 8 comments)
    6. How will Canada manage its wildfires in the future? (13 points, 2 comments)
    7. Firestorm: Fort McMurray wildfire is a warning, book claims (9 points, 5 comments)
    8. New UBC-led report finds alternatives to Site C creates significantly more jobs, produce electricity at a lower cost with lower risks, have a significantly lower environmental impact, and produce less greenhouse gas emissions. (8 points, 5 comments)
    9. Behind the Mask of the ‘Moderates’ (7 points, 32 comments)
    10. B.C. oil spill response times make Trans Mountain Pipeline 'a ticking time bomb' (6 points, 8 comments)
  16. 451 points, 13 submissions: gwaksl
    1. Andrew Scheer's Everyman image won't be enough to beat Justin Trudeau - Macleans.ca (104 points, 142 comments)
    2. Federal Poll Average: LPC 38.64, CPC 31.43, NDP 16.76, GPC 6.81, BQ 4.73 (61 points, 59 comments)
    3. Liberals 39, Conservatives 31, NDP 17, Green 7: Nanos (59 points, 37 comments)
    4. Andrew Scheer weighs in on Catholic university that banned abortion film | Globalnews.ca (49 points, 54 comments)
    5. Liberals reject warship proposal that companies said would save taxpayers as much as $32B (49 points, 26 comments)
    6. COMMENTARY: The NDP had better get their act together (for the Tories’ sake!) - National | Globalnews.ca (30 points, 56 comments)
    7. Canada’s global prosperity ranking slips to lowest level in 11 years, but we still beat the U.S. | Financial Post (30 points, 16 comments)
    8. The 'free the beer' court case shows Canada isn't a true economic union (30 points, 25 comments)
    9. Weighted Poll Averages Post Singh (25 points, 10 comments)
    10. John Ivison: New private member’s bill could mean end of the Happy Meal in Canada (6 points, 3 comments)
  17. 444 points, 15 submissions: sluttytinkerbells
    1. Globe editorial: Taking the ‘hi’ out of ‘bonjour-hi’ won’t save the French language (88 points, 106 comments)
    2. Legal marijuana deadline may be up in smoke as Tory senators stall bills (73 points, 48 comments)
    3. Employer who stole nearly $3M in wages from 157 workers fined $500 (54 points, 16 comments)
    4. Migrant workers’ group slams NDP’s Singh for online posts on farm visit (49 points, 20 comments)
    5. Canada should fight for open internet, says former head of FCC - Politics (47 points, 13 comments)
    6. 2 more Winnipeg police officers charged with impaired driving (46 points, 5 comments)
    7. Alberta man convicted of criminal harassment following Creep Catcher incident (29 points, 4 comments)
    8. North Korean defectors in Toronto worried they may be deported: ‘They treat us like garbage’ (19 points, 10 comments)
    9. Immigrant French lesson program a failure: auditor general (15 points, 4 comments)
    10. Hydro One’s prepaid meter proposal sparks criticism | Toronto Star (7 points, 3 comments)
  18. 434 points, 2 submissions: NeutralEvilCarebear
    1. ‘He said, No, no, no’: Trump tells crowd about trade disagreement with Trudeau (264 points, 102 comments)
    2. Here’s all the Canadian senators who just awarded themselves a medal meant to honour ‘unsung heroes’ (170 points, 32 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. _Minor_Annoyance (3783 points, 228 comments)
  2. OrzBlueFog (3097 points, 239 comments)
  3. warflax (2540 points, 242 comments)
  4. fencerman (2336 points, 307 comments)
  5. CULTURAL___MARXIST (1915 points, 184 comments)
  6. EngSciGuy (1833 points, 233 comments)
  7. Cansurfer (1684 points, 255 comments)
  8. SatanicBarrister (1580 points, 156 comments)
  9. Pie_Gun (1387 points, 148 comments)
  10. Majromax (1202 points, 117 comments)
  11. randomu_name (1195 points, 156 comments)
  12. StrudleNudle (1176 points, 142 comments)
  13. eriktheguy (1161 points, 176 comments)
  14. SugarBear4Real (1161 points, 75 comments)
  15. CupOfCanada (1122 points, 185 comments)
  16. jtbc (1054 points, 115 comments)
  17. Acesolid (1021 points, 105 comments)
  18. juanless (1006 points, 92 comments)
  19. raptorman556 (891 points, 87 comments)
  20. habs76 (890 points, 61 comments)
  21. justinstigator (856 points, 77 comments)
  22. AvroLancaster (810 points, 101 comments)
  23. marshalofthemark (799 points, 113 comments)
  24. the_monkey_ (785 points, 70 comments)
  25. FleetInBeing (781 points, 42 comments)
  26. Statistical_Insanity (758 points, 124 comments)
  27. MethoxyEthane (731 points, 90 comments)
  28. LastBestWest (725 points, 151 comments)
  29. Kyrias (693 points, 26 comments)
  30. kludgeocracy (611 points, 59 comments)
  31. Celda (608 points, 65 comments)
  32. Issachar (605 points, 102 comments)
  33. seaintosky (588 points, 69 comments)
  34. Daravon (588 points, 32 comments)
  35. GoOtterGo (571 points, 24 comments)
  36. AhmedF (569 points, 51 comments)
  37. GumboBenoit (557 points, 86 comments)
  38. Rithense (545 points, 106 comments)
  39. PGXHC (522 points, 35 comments)
  40. steadly (519 points, 28 comments)
  41. Galickah (500 points, 34 comments)
  42. ___OccamsChainsaw___ (472 points, 31 comments)
  43. DarthPantera (460 points, 45 comments)
  44. Jeffgoldbum (449 points, 27 comments)
  45. ChimoEngr (444 points, 132 comments)
  46. Move_Zig (443 points, 69 comments)
  47. RegretfulEducation (443 points, 61 comments)
  48. aberthin (442 points, 61 comments)
  49. PopeSaintHilarius (440 points, 52 comments)
  50. varsil (440 points, 30 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. As US prepares to gut net neutrality rules, Canada strengthens them by GumboBenoit (765 points, 112 comments)
  2. Comparing marijuana to fentanyl is social conservatism without a clue: Opinion by StrudleNudle (723 points, 115 comments)
  3. This Conservative Politician Said Weed Is Just As Deadly as Fentanyl by steadly (492 points, 176 comments)
  4. Inside Bell's Push To End Net Neutrality In Canada by BattlestarBattaglia (479 points, 91 comments)
  5. Canadians want Ottawa to ban use of tax havens, poll finds | Toronto Star by Savage_N0ble (478 points, 125 comments)
  6. Poll suggests majority of Canadians backs outright ban on guns in urban areas by _Minor_Annoyance (395 points, 1213 comments)
  7. Canada will not move embassy to Jerusalem, federal government says by floatingpaper (378 points, 236 comments)
  8. Maxime Bernier reiterates opposition to Net Neutrality by OrzBlueFog (352 points, 173 comments)
  9. Alberta MLA says marijuana legalization could lead to communist revolution by teh_inspector (349 points, 108 comments)
  10. Ottawa to build 100,000 new affordable units, recognize housing as 'fundamental right ' by _Minor_Annoyance (345 points, 113 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 385 points: whoami9's comment in ‘He said, No, no, no’: Trump tells crowd about trade disagreement with Trudeau
  2. 305 points: _Minor_Annoyance's comment in ‘He said, No, no, no’: Trump tells crowd about trade disagreement with Trudeau
  3. 288 points: FleetInBeing's comment in NDP, experts call for greater control over Canadian arms sales abroad
  4. 193 points: SugarBear4Real's comment in ‘He said, No, no, no’: Trump tells crowd about trade disagreement with Trudeau
  5. 191 points: AhmedF's comment in This Conservative Politician Said Weed Is Just As Deadly as Fentanyl
  6. 187 points: Shawnanigans's comment in Ottawa to build 100,000 new affordable units, recognize housing as 'fundamental right '
  7. 178 points: jacnel45's comment in Trump says Trudeau left out lumber, energy while talking trade numbers
  8. 175 points: Galickah's comment in Ottawa to build 100,000 new affordable units, recognize housing as 'fundamental right '
  9. 175 points: deleted's comment in Prime Minister names the Honourable Richard Wagner as new Chief Justice of Canada
  10. 171 points: kludgeocracy's comment in Ontario passes $15 minimum wage
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Rational Feed

===Highly Recommended Articles:
Superintelligence Risk Project Update II by Jeff Kaufman - Jeff's thoughts and the sources he found most useful. Project is wrapping up in a few day. Topics: Technical Distance to AI. Most plausible scenarios of Superintelligence risk. OpenPhil's notes on how progress was potentially stalled in Cryonics and Nanotech.
Superintelligence Risk Project Update by Jeff Kaufman - Links to the three most informative readings on AI risk. Details on the large number of people Jeff has talked to. Three fundamental points of view on AI-Safety. Three Fundamental points of disagreement. An update on the original questions Jeff was trying to answer.
Podcast The World Needs Ai Researchers Heres How To Become One by 80,000 Hours - "OpenAI’s latest plans and research progress. Concrete Papers in AI Safety, which outlines five specific ways machine learning algorithms can act in dangerous ways their designers don’t intend - something OpenAI has to work to avoid. How listeners can best go about pursuing a career in machine learning and AI development themselves."
Radical Book Club The Decentralized Left by davidzhines (Status 451) - The nature of leftwing organizing and what righties can learn from it. An exposition of multiple books on radical left organization building. Major themes are "doing the work" and "decentralized leadership".
Study Of The Week To Remediate Or Not To Remediate by Freddie deBoer - Should low math proficiency students take remedial algebra or credit bearing statistics. The City University of New York ran an actual randomized study to test this. The study had pretty good controls. For example students were randomly assigned to three groups, participating professors taught one section of each group.
Kenneth Arrow On The Welfare Economics Of Medical Care A Critical Assessment by Artir (Nintil) - "Kenneth Arrow wrote a paper in 1963, Uncertainty and the Welfare Economics of Medical Care. This paper tends to appear in debates regarding whether healthcare can be left to the market (like bread), or if it should feature heavy state involvement. Here I explain what the paper says, and to what extent it is true."
Becoming Stronger Together by b4yes (lesswrong) - "About a year ago, a secret rationalist group was founded. This is a report of what the group did during that year."
The Destruction Of American Cuisine by Small Truths - America used to have a tremendous number of regional cuisines, most are dead. They were killed by supermarkets and frozen food. This has been costly both in terms of culture and health (antibiotic resistance, crop monoculture risk)
===Scott:
Targeting Meritocracy by Scott Alexander - Education and merit are different. Programming is one of the last meritocracies, this lets disadvantaged people get into the field. If a job is high impact we want to hire on merit. The original, literal meaning of meritocracy is important.
Classified Thread 2 Best In Classified by Scott Alexander - Scott is promoting a project to accelerate the trend of rationalists living near each other. There are four houses available for rent near Ward Street in Berkeley. Ward street is currently the rationalist hub in the Bay. Commenters can advertise other projects and services.
Url Of Sandwich by Scott Alexander - Standard links post, somewhat longer than usual.
Opec Thread by Scott Alexander - Bi-weekly open thread. Update on Scott and Katja's travels. Salt Lake City Meetup highlight. Topher Brennan is running for Senate.
Can We Link Perception And Cognition by Scott Alexander - SSC survey optical illusions. "So there seems to be a picture where high rates of perceptual ambiguity are linked to being weirder and (sometimes, in a very weak statistical way) lower-functioning." Speculation about fundamental connections between perception and cognitive style. Ideas for further research.
Change Minds Or Drive Turnout by Scott Alexander - Extreme candidates lower turnout among their own party. Is base turnout really the only thing that matters? Lots of quotes from studies.
===Rationalist:
Learning From Past Experiences by mindlevelup - "This is about finding ways to quickly learn from past experiences to inform future actions. We briefly touch upon different learning models." Model-based and Model-Free reinforcement learning. Practical advice and examples.
How Long Has Civilization Been Going by Elo (BearLamp) - Human agricultural society is only 342-1000 generations old. "Or when you are 24 years old you have lived one day for every year humans have had written records." Human civilization is only a few hundred lifetimes old.
Choices Are Bad by Zvi Moshowitz - Choices reduce perceived value. Choices require time and energy. Making someone choose is imposing a real cost.
Erisology Of Self And Will: The Gulf by Everything Studies - "Part 4 will discuss some scientific disciplines with bearing on the self, and how their results are interpreted differently by the traditional paradigm vs. the scientific."
Philosophy Vs Duck Tests by Robin Hanson - Focusing on deep structure vs adding up weak cues. If it looks like an x... More discussion of whether most people will consider ems people and/or conscious.
Knowing How To Define by AellaGirl - "These are three ways in which a word can be ‘defined’ – the role it plays in the world around it (the up-definition), synonyms (lateral-definition), and the parts which construct the thing (down-definition)." Applications to morality and free-will.
Change Is Bad by Zvi Moshowitz - "Change space, like mind space, is deep and wide. Friendly change space isn’t quite to change space what friendly mind space is to mind space, but before you apply any filters of common sense, it’s remarkably close." A long list of conditions that mean change has lower expected value. Why we still need to make changes. Keep your eyes open.
Meditation Insights Suffering And Pleasure Are Intrinsically Bound Together by Kaj Sotala - The concrete goal of meditation is to train your peripheral awareness. Much suffering comes from false promises of pleasure. Procrastinating to play a videogame won't actually make you feel better. Temptation losses its power once you truly see the temptations for what they truly are.
Be My Neighbor by Katja Grace - Katja lives in a rationalist house on ward street in Berkeley and its great. The next step up is a rationalist neighborhood. Katja is promoting the same four houses as Scott. Be her neighbor?
What Value Subagents by G Gordan (Map and Territory) - Splitting the mind into subagents is a common rationalist model (links to Alicorn, Briene Yudkowsky, etc). However the author preferred model is a single process with inconsistent preferences. Freud. System 1 and System 2. The rider and the Elephant become one. Subagents as masks. Subagents as epicycles.
The Order Of The Soul by Ben Hoffman (Compass Rose) - The philosophy of accepting things vs the impulse to reshape them. Many philosophical and psychological models split the soul into three. Internalized authority vs seeing the deep structure of moral reality. In some sense math is the easiest thing in the world to learn. School poisons the enjoyment of rational thought. Lockhart's lament. Feynman. Eichmann and thinking structurally.
Aliens Merely Sleeping by Tyler Cowen - The universe is currently too hot for artificial life to be productive. Advanced civilizations might be freezing themselves until the universe cools. "They could achieve up to 1030 times more than if done today" [short]
Book Reviews by Torello (lesswrong) - Rationalist Adjacent. Each book has an interesting 'ideas per page' rating. Homo Deus, Sapiens, Super-intelligence, Surfaces and Essences, What Technology Wants, Inside Jokes, A Skeptic's Guide to the Mind.
Geometers Scribes Structure Intelligence by Ben Hoffman (Compass Rose) - "How does spatial reasoning lead to formal, logical reasoning?" Fluid and crystalized intelligence. Some history of Philosophy. How social dynamics lead to the evolution of reasoning. Talmudic and Western law, and their oddities. Universal Grammar and connecting with the divine. FizzBuzz.
High Dimensional Societies by Robin Hanson - In high dimensional space the distance between points varies less. What implications does this have for 'spatial' social science models (ex analogues of 1D spectrums and 2D graphs).
Feelings In The Map by Elo (BearLamp) - Confusion is not a property of the external world. The same holds for many emotions. Non-violent communication and speaking from your own perspective.
Lesswrong Is Not About Forum Software by enye-word (lesswrong) - The best way to increase activity on lesswrong is to get back the top posters, especially Scott and Eliezer.
Explication by mindlevelup - "This essay is about explication, the notion of making things specific. I give some examples involving Next Actions and systematization. This might also just be obvious to many people. Part of it is also a rehash of Act Into Uncertainty. Ultimately, explication is about changing yourself."
Concrete Instructions by Elo (BearLamp) - "The objective test of whether the description is concrete is whether the description can be followed by an anonymous person to produce the same experience." Some examples including the 'paper folding game'.
Human Seems Low Dimensional by Robin Hanson - 'Humanness' seems to be a one dimensional variable. Hence people are likely to consider ems conscious and worthy of decent treatment since ems are human-like on many important factors. Some discussion of a study where people rated how human-like various entities were.
Erisology Of Self And Will: A Natural Offering by Everything Studies - A description of naturalism and it relation to science. Daniel Dennet. Many philosophers are still dualists about the self. The self as a composite. Freedom as emergent.
The Hungry Brain by Bayesian Investor - A short review that focuses on the basics of Guynet's ideas and meta-discussion of why Guynet included so much neuroscience. "Guyenet provides fairly convincing evidence that it’s simple to achieve a healthy weight while feeling full. (E.g. the 20 potatoes a day diet)."
Boost From The Best by Robin Hanson - [Age of Em] How many standard deviations above the mean will be the best em be? How much better will they be than the second best em? How much of a wage/leisure premium will the best em receive.
Becoming Stronger Together by b4yes (lesswrong) - "About a year ago, a secret rationalist group was founded. This is a report of what the group did during that year."
In Praise Of Fake Frameworks by Valentine (lesswrong) - "I use a lot of fake frameworks — that is, ways of seeing the world that are probably or obviously wrong in some important way. I think this is an important skill. There are obvious pitfalls, but I think the advantages are more than worth it. In fact, I think the "pitfalls" can even sometimes be epistemically useful."
Letter To Future Layperson by Sailor Vulcan (BYS) - A letter from someone in our age to someone post singularity. Description of the hardships and terrors of pre-singularity life. Emotional and poetic. ~5K words.
===AI:
Conversation With An Ai Researcher by Jeff Kaufman - The anonymous researcher thinks AI progress is almost entirely driven by hardware and data. Back propagation has existed for a long time. Go would have taken at least 10 more years if go-aI work had remained constrained by academic budgets.
Openai Baselines PPO by Open Ai - "We’re releasing a new class of reinforcement learning algorithms, Proximal Policy Optimization (PPO), which perform comparably or better than state-of-the-art approaches while being much simpler to implement and tune. PPO has become the default reinforcement learning algorithm at OpenAI because of its ease of use and good performance."
Superintelligence Risk Project Update II by Jeff Kaufman - Jeff's thoughts and the sources he found most useful. Project is wrapping up in a few day. Topics: Technical Distance to AI. Most plausible scenarios of Superintelligence risk. OpenPhil's notes on how progress was potentially stalled in Cryonics and Nanotech.
Real Debate Robots Education by Tyler Cowen - Robots are already becoming part of the classroom. K-12 is an artificially creation anyway. Robots can help autistic or disabled children. Children sometimes trust robots too much.
Robust Adversarial Inputs by Open Ai - "We’ve created images that reliably fool neural network classifiers when viewed from varied scales and perspectives. This challenges a claim from last week that self-driving cars would be hard to trick maliciously since they capture images from multiple scales, angles, perspectives, and the like."
What Is Overfitting Exactly by Andrew Gelman - "If your model is correct, “overfitting” is impossible. In its usual form, “overfitting” comes from using too weak of a prior distribution."
Conversation With Bryce Wiedenbeck by Jeff Kaufman - "AGI is possible, it could be a serious problem, but we can't productively work on it now." AGI will look very different from current technologies. Utility functions are a poor model of human behavior.
Examples Of Superintelligence Risk by Jeff Kaufman - A series of extended quotes describing ways AI with innocent seeming goals can destroy the world. Authors: Nick Bostrom, Eliezer (and collaborators), Luke M, 80K hours, Tim Urban. Jeff finds them unpersuasive and asks for better ones. Lots of interesting comments. Eleizer himself comments describing how 'paperclip maximizers' might realistically occur.
Superintelligence Risk Project Update by Jeff Kaufman - Links to the three most informative readings on AI risk. Details on the large number of people Jeff has talked to. Three fundamental points of view on AI-Safety. Three Fundamental points of disagreement. An update on the original questions Jeff was trying to answer.
Conversation With Michael Littman by Jeff Kaufman - CS Professor at Brown's opinions: Deep Learning is surprisingly brittle in his experience. General Intelligence will require large fundamental advances. The AI risk community isn't testing their ideas so they probably aren't making real progress.
===EA:
EAGX Relaunch by Roxanne_Heston (EA forum) - The EA global satellite EAGA-X conferences have been low activity. Changes: More funding and flexibility. Standardized formats. Fewer groups approved. Stipends to primary organizers.
Uncertainty Smoothes Out Differences In Impact by The Foundational Research Institute - Many inside view evaluations conclude that one intervention is orders of magnitude more effective than another. Uncertainty significantly reduces these ratios.
Autonomy: A Search For A Measure Will Pearson (EA forum) - "I shall introduce a relatively formal measure of autonomy, based on the intuition that it is the ability to do things by yourself with what you have. The measure introduced allows you to move from less to more autonomy, without being black and white about it. Then I shall talk about how increasing autonomy fits in with the values of movements such as poverty reduction, ai risk reduction and the reduction of suffering."
Eight media articles on GiveDirectly, Cash Transers and Basic Income.- A world where 8 men own as much wealth as 3.6 billion people by GiveDirectly -
More Giving Vs Doing by Jeff Kaufman - EA is moving far more money than it used to and the ramp up will continue. This means direct work has become relatively more valuable. Nonetheless giving money is still useful, capacity isn't being filled. Jeff plans on earning to give based on his personal constraints.
Why I Think The Foundational Research Institute by Mike Johnson (EA forum) - A description of the FRI. Good things about FRI. FRI's research framework and why the author is worried. Eight long objections. TLDR: "functionalism ("consciousness is the sum-total of the functional properties of our brains") sounds a lot better than it actually turns out to be in practice. In particular, functionalism makes it impossible to define ethics & suffering in a way that can mediate disagreements."
Tranquilism by The Foundational Research Institute - A paper arguing that reducing suffering is more important than promoting happiness. Axiology. Non-consciousness. Common Objections. Conclusion.
An Argument For Why The Future May Be Good by Ben West (EA forum) - Factory farming shows that humans are deeply cruel. Technology enabled this cruelty, perhaps the future will be even darker. Counterargument: Humans are lazy, not evil. Humans as a group will spend at least small amounts altruistically. In the future the cost of reducing suffering will go down low enough that suffering will be rare or non-existent.
Arguments Moral Advocacy by The Foundational Research Institute - "What does moral advocacy look like in practice? Which values should we spread, and how? How effective is moral advocacy compared to other interventions such as directly influencing new technologies? What are the most important arguments for and against focusing on moral advocacy?"
An Argument For Broad And Inclusive by Kaj Sotala (EA forum) - "I argue for a very broad, inclusive EA, based on the premise that the culture of a region is more important than any specific group within that region... As a concrete strategy, I propose a division into low-level and high-level EA"
Not Everybody wants a Goat by GiveDirectly - Eight links on GiveDirectly, Cash Transfers, Effective Altruism and Basic Income.
Mid Year Update by The GiveWell Blog - Encouraging more charities to apply. More research of potential interventions. Short operations recap. GiveWell is focusing more on outreach.
===Politics and Economics:
College Tuition by Tom Bartleby - Sticker prices for college have gone up 15K in twenty years, but the average actual cost has only gone up 2.5K. High prices are almost compensated by high aid. Advantage: more equitable access to education. Disadvantages: Not everyone knows about the aid, financial aid is large enough it can seriously distort family financial decisions.
War Of Wages Part 1 Apples And Walmarts by Jacob Falkovich (Put A Number On It!) - The Author thinks minimum wage hurts the poor. Walmart can't afford higher wages. Copenhagan Interpretation of Ethics: Walmart helps the poor and gets blamed, Apple does nothing for the poor but avoids blame.
Links 10 by Artir (Nintil) - Tons of links. Economics, Psychology, AI, Philosophy, Misc.
Pretend Ask Answer by Ben Hoffman (Compass Rose) - A short dialogue about Patriarchy and the meaning of oppression. Defensive actions are often a response to bad faith from the other side. Its not ok to explicitly say you think your partner is arguing in bad faith.
Cultural Studies Ironically Is Something Of A Colonizer by Freddie deBoer - An origin story for Writing Studies. The fields initial methodological diversity. Cultural studies took over the field, empirical work has been pushed out. Evidence that some cultural studies professors really do believe its fundamentally bigoted to do science and empirical research endangers marginalized students. The field has become insular.
The Dark Arts Examples From The Harris Adams Debate by Stabilizer (lesswrong) - The author accuses Scott Adams of using various dark Arts: Changing the subject, Motte-and-bailey, Euphemisation, Diagnosis, Excusing, Cherry-picking evidence.
Study Of The Week Modest But Real Benefits From Lead Exposure Interventions by Freddie deBoer - Freddie reviews a survey he found via SSC. The study had very good controls. Methodology is explained and key graphs are posted and discussed. Scott and Freddie seem to agree on the facts but have a different opinion on how large to consider the effects.
Descriptive And Prescriptive Standards by Simon Penner (Status 451) - Leadership means winning the Keynesian Beauty Contest. Public opinion doesn't exist as a stable reality. Prescribing public opinion. Dangers of social reform and leaders twisting the facts to promote noble outcomes.
A Taylorism For All Seasons by Lou (sam[]zdat) - "Christopher Lasch – The Culture of Narcissism, part 1/X, current essay being more of an overview." A Masquerade where you must act out the mask you choose.
Mechanism Agnostic Low Plasticity Educational Realism by Freddie deBoer - Freddie's educational philosophy. People sort into persistent academic strata. Educational attainment is heavily determined by factors outside of school's control. The mechanism differences in academic ability is unknown. Social and political implications.
Kin Aesthetics Excommunicate Me From The Church Of Social Justice by Frances Lee - A SJ-insider's critical opinion of SJ. Fear of being impure. Original Sin. Reproducing colonial structures of power and domination within social justice. Everyday Feminism's belittling articles. More humility. Bringing humanity to everyone, even those who have been inhumane.
Study Of The Week To Remediate Or Not To Remediate by Freddie deBoer - Should low math proficiency students take remedial algebra or credit bearing statistics. The City University of New York ran an actual randomized study to test this. The study had pretty good controls. For example students were randomly assigned to three groups, participating professors taught one section of each group.
Should We Build Lots More Housing In San Francisco: Three Reasons People Disagree by Julia Galef - For each of the three reasons Julia describes multiple sub-reasons. More housing might not lower prices much. More housing won't help the poor. NIMBY objections might be legitimate.
Kenneth Arrow On The Welfare Economics Of Medical Care A Critical Assessment by Artir (Nintil) - "Kenneth Arrow wrote a paper in 1963, Uncertainty and the Welfare Economics of Medical Care. This paper tends to appear in debates regarding whether healthcare can be left to the market (like bread), or if it should feature heavy state involvement. Here I explain what the paper says, and to what extent it is true."
Thoughts On Doxxing by Ozy (Thing of Things) - CNN found the identity of the guy who made the video of Trump beating up CNN. They implied they would dox him if he continued being racist. Is doxxing him ok? What about doxxing someone who runs jailbait? Ozy discusses the practical effect of doxxing and unleashing hate mobs.
On The Seattle Minimum Wage Study Part 2 by Zvi Moshowitz - Several relevant links are included. Seattle's economic boom and worker composition changes are important factors. Zvi dives deep into the numbers and tries to resolve an apparent contradiction.
Radical Book Club The Decentralized Left by davidzhines (Status 451) - The nature of leftwing organizing and what righties can learn from it. An exposition of multiple books on radical left organization building. Major themes are "doing the work" and "decentralized leadership".
On The Seattle Minimum Wage Study Part 1 by Zvi Moshowitz - The claimed effect sizes are huge. Zvi's priors about the minimum wage. Detailed description of some of the paper's methods and how it handle potential issues. Discussion of the raw data. More to come in part 2.
===Misc:
Childcare II by Jeff Kaufman - A timeline of childcare for Jeff's two children. Methods: Staying at home, Daycare, Au pair, Nanny.
Easier Chess Problem by protokol2020 - How many pieces do you need to capture a black queen?
Book Review Mathematics For Computer Science by richard_reitz (lesswrong) - Why the text should be in the MIRI research guide. Intro. Prereqs. Detailed comparisons to similar texts. Complaints.
Information is Physical by Scott Aaronson - Is information is physical a contentful expression? Why 'physics is information' is tautological. A proposed definition. Double slit experiment. Observation in Quantum Mechanics. Information takes up a minimum amount of space. Entropy. Information has nowhere to go.
Book Review Working Effectively With Legacy Code By Michael C Feathers by Eli Bendersky - To improve code we must refactor, to refactor we have to test, making code testable may take heroic efforts. "The techniques described by the author are as terrible as the code they're up against."
The Ominouslier Roar Of The Bitcoin Wave by Artem and Venkat (ribbonfarm) - A video visualizing and audiolizing the bitcoin blockchain. A related dialogue.
From Monkey Neurons To The Meta Brain by Hal Morris (ribbonfarm) - Neurons that only fire in response to Jennifer Anniston. Mirror Neurons. Theory of Mind. The path from copying movement to human-level empathy. Infant development. Dreams as social simulator. Communicating with our models of other people. He rapidly accelerating and dangerous future. We need to keep our mind open to possibilities.
Newtonism Question by protokol2020 - Balancing Forces. Gravity problem.
Short Interview Writing by Tyler Cowen - Tyler Cowen's writing habits. Many concrete details such as when he writes and what program he uses. Some more general thoughts on writing such as Tyler's surprising answer to which are his favorite books on writing.
Unexpected by protokol2020 - Discussion of gaps between primes. "Say, that you have just sailed across some recordly wide composite lake and you are on a prime island again. What can you expect, how much wider will the next record lake be?"
Interacting With A Long Running Child Process In Python by Eli Bendersky - Using the subprocess module to run an http server. Solutions and analysis of common use cases. Lots of code.
4d Mate Problem by protokol2020 - How many queens do you need to get a checkmate in 4D chess.
The Destruction Of American Cuisine by Small Truths - America used to have a tremendous number of regional cuisines, most are dead. They were killed by supermarkets and frozen food. This has been costly both in terms of culture and health (antibiotic resistance, crop monoculture risk)
===Podcast:
Sally Satel On Organ Donation by EconTalk - "The challenges of increasing the supply of donated organs for transplantation and ways that public policy might increase the supply." Tax Credits. The ethics of donor compensation.
Podcast The World Needs Ai Researchers Heres How To Become One by 80,000 Hours - "OpenAI’s latest plans and research progress. Concrete Papers in AI Safety, which outlines five specific ways machine learning algorithms can act in dangerous ways their designers don’t intend – something OpenAI has to work to avoid. How listeners can best go about pursuing a career in machine learning and AI development themselves."
88 Must We Accept A Nuclear North Korea by Waking Up with Sam Harris - "Mark Bowden and the problem of a nuclear-armed North Korea."
Triggered by Waking Up with Sam Harris - "Sam Harris and Scott Adams debate the character and competence of President Trump."
Conversation Atul Gawande by Tyler Cowen - The marginal value of health care, AI progress in medicine, fear of genetic engineering, whether the checklist method applies to marriage, FDA regulation, surgical regulation, Michael Crichton and Stevie Wonder, wearables, what makes him weep, Knausgaard and Ferrante, why surgeons leave sponges in patients.
Nneka Jones Tapia by The Ezra Klein Show - The first psychologist to run a prison. 30% of inmates have diagnosed mental health problems. Mental heath view of the penal system, balancing punishment and treatment, responsibility versus mental instability, the tension between what we use jail for and what we should use jail for.
Tamar Haspel by EconTalk - "Why technology helps make some foods inexpensive, how animals are treated, the health of the honey bee, and whether eggs from your backyard taste any better than eggs at the grocery."
From Cells To Cities by Waking Up with Sam Harris - "Biological and social systems scale, the significance of fractals, the prospects of radically extending human life, the concept of “emergence” in complex systems, the importance of cities, the necessity for continuous innovation"
Inside The World Of Supertraining: Mark Bell by Tim Feriss - "Mark’s most important lessons for building strength. How to avoid injury and breakdown. Lesser-known training techniques that nearly everyone overlooks. How Mark became a millionaire by offering his gym memberships for free."
Eddie Izzard by The Ezra Klein Show - 27 marathons in 27 days, process for writing jokes, why he wants to run for parliament, inspiration from Al Franken's, borrowing confidence from his future self. What he learned as a street performer, routines are based on history and anthropology, World War I, 'cake or death?'. His gender identity, and how he integrated it into his act early on, etc.
Martha Nussbaum by EconTalk - "The tension between acquiring power and living a life of virtue. Topics discussed include Hamilton's relationship with Aaron Burr, Burr's complicated historical legacy, and the role of the humanities in our lives."
Rs 188 Robert Kurzban On Being Strategically Wrong by Rationally Speaking - Why Everyone (Else) is a Hypocrite." The "modular mind" hypothesis, and how it explains hypocrisy, self-deception, and other seemingly irrational features of human nature.
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Stossel: Academic Hoax An Open Discussion About Intimacy, Sexual Behaviour & Courtship With Justin Garcia Major Hoax Proves Regressive Left Rampant In College Andreas Antonopoulos DevCore: Bitcoin, the Bubble Boy, and the Sewer Rat, a must see speech! Covid, journals and the gender gap - a joint BISA and Chatham House event

That halvening, of course, led to the “Bitcoin boom” that went viral and saw the price of a Bitcoin ascend into the stratosphere. Bitcoin actually fell slightly in price on July 9 2016, and In 2016, she and her colleagues launched the CME CF Bitcoin real-time index and daily Bitcoin Reference Rate. It was one of the first such indices and had been years in the making. The CME was one of the first big institutions to give this new asset class its stamp of approval. The index products were well-received. SUMMING UP Bitcoin has shown to be a powerful digital currency, but the real story of the future is Blockchain, say James Heskett's readers. Is Bitcoin a Real Currency? An economic appraisal David Yermack. NBER Working Paper No. 19747 Issued in December 2013, Revised in April 2014 NBER Program(s):Law and Economics, Monetary Economics A bona fide currency functions as a medium of exchange, a store of value, and a unit of account, but bitcoin largely fails to satisfy these criteria. Estimating the environmental impact of Bitcoin mining Date: November 20, 2019 Source: American Chemical Society Summary: As an alternative to government-issued money, the cryptocurrency Bitcoin

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Stossel: Academic Hoax

JBP takes on female host from Channel 4 debating the reasons for the wage gap. Dr. Jordan B Peterson is a Professor of Psychology, a clinical psychologist, a public speaker and a creator of Self ... Andreas M. Antonopoulos is a technologist and serial entrepreneur who has become one of the most well-known and well-respected figures in bitcoin. He is the author of “Mastering Bitcoin ... They wrote fake papers on ridiculous subjects and submitted them to prominent academic journals in fields that study gender, race, and sexuality. A Major Hoax Proves Regressive Ideology Rampant In College. Three academics spent a year writing fake papers and submitting them to major academic journals. In one instance they used an algorithm ... She co-authored, with Jan Currie and Ka-Ho Mok, the book Academic Freedom in Hong Kong (2006) and has published numerous articles on the right to equality in Hong Kong.

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