7 Binary Options – Brokers

Microservices: Service-to-service communication

The following excerpt about microservice communication is from the new Microsoft eBook, Architecting Cloud-Native .NET Apps for Azure. The book is freely available for online reading and in a downloadable .PDF format at https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/architecture/cloud-native/

Microservice Guidance
When constructing a cloud-native application, you'll want to be sensitive to how back-end services communicate with each other. Ideally, the less inter-service communication, the better. However, avoidance isn't always possible as back-end services often rely on one another to complete an operation.
There are several widely accepted approaches to implementing cross-service communication. The type of communication interaction will often determine the best approach.
Consider the following interaction types:
Microservice systems typically use a combination of these interaction types when executing operations that require cross-service interaction. Let's take a close look at each and how you might implement them.

Queries

Many times, one microservice might need to query another, requiring an immediate response to complete an operation. A shopping basket microservice may need product information and a price to add an item to its basket. There are a number of approaches for implementing query operations.

Request/Response Messaging

One option for implementing this scenario is for the calling back-end microservice to make direct HTTP requests to the microservices it needs to query, shown in Figure 4-8.

Figure 4-8. Direct HTTP communication
While direct HTTP calls between microservices are relatively simple to implement, care should be taken to minimize this practice. To start, these calls are always synchronous and will block the operation until a result is returned or the request times outs. What were once self-contained, independent services, able to evolve independently and deploy frequently, now become coupled to each other. As coupling among microservices increase, their architectural benefits diminish.
Executing an infrequent request that makes a single direct HTTP call to another microservice might be acceptable for some systems. However, high-volume calls that invoke direct HTTP calls to multiple microservices aren't advisable. They can increase latency and negatively impact the performance, scalability, and availability of your system. Even worse, a long series of direct HTTP communication can lead to deep and complex chains of synchronous microservices calls, shown in Figure 4-9:

Figure 4-9. Chaining HTTP queries
You can certainly imagine the risk in the design shown in the previous image. What happens if Step #3 fails? Or Step #8 fails? How do you recover? What if Step #6 is slow because the underlying service is busy? How do you continue? Even if all works correctly, think of the latency this call would incur, which is the sum of the latency of each step.
The large degree of coupling in the previous image suggests the services weren't optimally modeled. It would behoove the team to revisit their design.

Materialized View pattern

A popular option for removing microservice coupling is the Materialized View pattern. With this pattern, a microservice stores its own local, denormalized copy of data that's owned by other services. Instead of the Shopping Basket microservice querying the Product Catalog and Pricing microservices, it maintains its own local copy of that data. This pattern eliminates unnecessary coupling and improves reliability and response time. The entire operation executes inside a single process. We explore this pattern and other data concerns in Chapter 5.

Service Aggregator Pattern

Another option for eliminating microservice-to-microservice coupling is an Aggregator microservice, shown in purple in Figure 4-10.

Figure 4-10. Aggregator microservice
The pattern isolates an operation that makes calls to multiple back-end microservices, centralizing its logic into a specialized microservice. The purple checkout aggregator microservice in the previous figure orchestrates the workflow for the Checkout operation. It includes calls to several back-end microservices in a sequenced order. Data from the workflow is aggregated and returned to the caller. While it still implements direct HTTP calls, the aggregator microservice reduces direct dependencies among back-end microservices.

Request/Reply Pattern

Another approach for decoupling synchronous HTTP messages is a Request-Reply Pattern, which uses queuing communication. Communication using a queue is always a one-way channel, with a producer sending the message and consumer receiving it. With this pattern, both a request queue and response queue are implemented, shown in Figure 4-11.

Figure 4-11. Request-reply pattern
Here, the message producer creates a query-based message that contains a unique correlation ID and places it into a request queue. The consuming service dequeues the messages, processes it and places the response into the response queue with the same correlation ID. The producer service dequeues the message, matches it with the correlation ID and continues processing. We cover queues in detail in the next section.

Commands

Another type of communication interaction is a command. A microservice may need another microservice to perform an action. The Ordering microservice may need the Shipping microservice to create a shipment for an approved order. In Figure 4-12, one microservice, called a Producer, sends a message to another microservice, the Consumer, commanding it to do something.

Figure 4-12. Command interaction with a queue
Most often, the Producer doesn't require a response and can fire-and-forget the message. If a reply is needed, the Consumer sends a separate message back to Producer on another channel. A command message is best sent asynchronously with a message queue. supported by a lightweight message broker. In the previous diagram, note how a queue separates and decouples both services.
A message queue is an intermediary construct through which a producer and consumer pass a message. Queues implement an asynchronous, point-to-point messaging pattern. The Producer knows where a command needs to be sent and routes appropriately. The queue guarantees that a message is processed by exactly one of the consumer instances that are reading from the channel. In this scenario, either the producer or consumer service can scale out without affecting the other. As well, technologies can be disparate on each side, meaning that we might have a Java microservice calling a Golang microservice.
In chapter 1, we talked about backing services. Backing services are ancillary resources upon which cloud-native systems depend. Message queues are backing services. The Azure cloud supports two types of message queues that your cloud-native systems can consume to implement command messaging: Azure Storage Queues and Azure Service Bus Queues.

Azure Storage Queues

Azure storage queues offer a simple queueing infrastructure that is fast, affordable, and backed by Azure storage accounts.
Azure Storage Queues feature a REST-based queuing mechanism with reliable and persistent messaging. They provide a minimal feature set, but are inexpensive and store millions of messages. Their capacity ranges up to 500 TB. A single message can be up to 64 KB in size.
You can access messages from anywhere in the world via authenticated calls using HTTP or HTTPS. Storage queues can scale out to large numbers of concurrent clients to handle traffic spikes.
That said, there are limitations with the service:
Figure 4-13 shows the hierarchy of an Azure Storage Queue.

Figure 4-13. Storage queue hierarchy
In the previous figure, note how storage queues store their messages in the underlying Azure Storage account.
For developers, Microsoft provides several client and server-side libraries for Storage queue processing. Most major platforms are supported including .NET, Java, JavaScript, Ruby, Python, and Go. Developers should never communicate directly with these libraries. Doing so will tightly couple your microservice code to the Azure Storage Queue service. It's a better practice to insulate the implementation details of the API. Introduce an intermediation layer, or intermediate API, that exposes generic operations and encapsulates the concrete library. This loose coupling enables you to swap out one queuing service for another without having to make changes to the mainline service code.
Azure Storage queues are an economical option to implement command messaging in your cloud-native applications. Especially when a queue size will exceed 80 GB, or a simple feature set is acceptable. You only pay for the storage of the messages; there are no fixed hourly charges.

Azure Service Bus Queues

For more complex messaging requirements, consider Azure Service Bus queues.
Sitting atop a robust message infrastructure, Azure Service Bus supports a brokered messaging model. Messages are reliably stored in a broker (the queue) until received by the consumer. The queue guarantees First-In/First-Out (FIFO) message delivery, respecting the order in which messages were added to the queue.
The size of a message can be much larger, up to 256 KB. Messages are persisted in the queue for an unlimited period of time. Service Bus supports not only HTTP-based calls, but also provides full support for the AMQP protocol. AMQP is an open-standard across vendors that supports a binary protocol and higher degrees of reliability.
Service Bus provides a rich set of features, including transaction support and a duplicate detection feature. The queue guarantees "at most once delivery" per message. It automatically discards a message that has already been sent. If a producer is in doubt, it can resend the same message, and Service Bus guarantees that only one copy will be processed. Duplicate detection frees you from having to build additional infrastructure plumbing.
Two more enterprise features are partitioning and sessions. A conventional Service Bus queue is handled by a single message broker and stored in a single message store. But, Service Bus Partitioning spreads the queue across multiple message brokers and message stores. The overall throughput is no longer limited by the performance of a single message broker or messaging store. A temporary outage of a messaging store doesn't render a partitioned queue unavailable.
Service Bus Sessions provide a way to group-related messages. Imagine a workflow scenario where messages must be processed together and the operation completed at the end. To take advantage, sessions must be explicitly enabled for the queue and each related messaged must contain the same session ID.
However, there are some important caveats: Service Bus queues size is limited to 80 GB, which is much smaller than what's available from store queues. Additionally, Service Bus queues incur a base cost and charge per operation.
Figure 4-14 outlines the high-level architecture of a Service Bus queue.

Figure 4-14. Service Bus queue
In the previous figure, note the point-to-point relationship. Two instances of the same provider are enqueuing messages into a single Service Bus queue. Each message is consumed by only one of three consumer instances on the right. Next, we discuss how to implement messaging where different consumers may all be interested the same message.

Events

Message queuing is an effective way to implement communication where a producer can asynchronously send a consumer a message. However, what happens when many different consumers are interested in the same message? A dedicated message queue for each consumer wouldn't scale well and would become difficult to manage.
To address this scenario, we move to the third type of message interaction, the event. One microservice announces that an action had occurred. Other microservices, if interested, react to the action, or event.
Eventing is a two-step process. For a given state change, a microservice publishes an event to a message broker, making it available to any other interested microservice. The interested microservice is notified by subscribing to the event in the message broker. You use the Publish/Subscribe pattern to implement event-based communication.
Figure 4-15 shows a shopping basket microservice publishing an event with two other microservices subscribing to it.

Figure 4-15. Event-Driven messaging
Note the event bus component that sits in the middle of the communication channel. It's a custom class that encapsulates the message broker and decouples it from the underlying application. The ordering and inventory microservices independently operate the event with no knowledge of each other, nor the shopping basket microservice. When the registered event is published to the event bus, they act upon it.
With eventing, we move from queuing technology to topics. A topic is similar to a queue, but supports a one-to-many messaging pattern. One microservice publishes a message. Multiple subscribing microservices can choose to receive and act upon that message. Figure 4-16 shows a topic architecture.

Figure 4-16. Topic architecture
In the previous figure, publishers send messages to the topic. At the end, subscribers receive messages from subscriptions. In the middle, the topic forwards messages to subscriptions based on a set of rules, shown in dark blue boxes. Rules act as a filter that forward specific messages to a subscription. Here, a "GetPrice" event would be sent to the price and logging Subscriptions as the logging subscription has chosen to receive all messages. A "GetInformation" event would be sent to the information and logging subscriptions.
The Azure cloud supports two different topic services: Azure Service Bus Topics and Azure EventGrid.

Azure Service Bus Topics

Sitting on top of the same robust brokered message model of Azure Service Bus queues are Azure Service Bus Topics. A topic can receive messages from multiple independent publishers and send messages to up to 2,000 subscribers. Subscriptions can be dynamically added or removed at runtime without stopping the system or recreating the topic.
Many advanced features from Azure Service Bus queues are also available for topics, including Duplicate Detection and Transaction support. By default, Service Bus topics are handled by a single message broker and stored in a single message store. But, Service Bus Partitioning scales a topic by spreading it across many message brokers and message stores.
Scheduled Message Delivery tags a message with a specific time for processing. The message won't appear in the topic before that time. Message Deferral enables you to defer a retrieval of a message to a later time. Both are commonly used in workflow processing scenarios where operations are processed in a particular order. You can postpone processing of received messages until prior work has been completed.
Service Bus topics are a robust and proven technology for enabling publish/subscribe communication in your cloud-native systems.

Azure Event Grid

While Azure Service Bus is a battle-tested messaging broker with a full set of enterprise features, Azure Event Grid is the new kid on the block.
At first glance, Event Grid may look like just another topic-based messaging system. However, it's different in many ways. Focused on event-driven workloads, it enables real-time event processing, deep Azure integration, and an open-platform - all on serverless infrastructure. It's designed for contemporary cloud-native and serverless applications
As a centralized eventing backplane, or pipe, Event Grid reacts to events inside Azure resources and from your own services.
Event notifications are published to an Event Grid Topic, which, in turn, routes each event to a subscription. Subscribers map to subscriptions and consume the events. Like Service Bus, Event Grid supports a filtered subscriber model where a subscription sets rule for the events it wishes to receive. Event Grid provides fast throughput with a guarantee of 10 million events per second enabling near real-time delivery - far more than what Azure Service Bus can generate.
A sweet spot for Event Grid is its deep integration into the fabric of Azure infrastructure. An Azure resource, such as Cosmos DB, can publish built-in events directly to other interested Azure resources - without the need for custom code. Event Grid can publish events from an Azure Subscription, Resource Group, or Service, giving developers fine-grained control over the lifecycle of cloud resources. However, Event Grid isn't limited to Azure. It's an open platform that can consume custom HTTP events published from applications or third-party services and route events to external subscribers.
When publishing and subscribing to native events from Azure resources, no coding is required. With simple configuration, you can integrate events from one Azure resource to another leveraging built-in plumbing for Topics and Subscriptions. Figure 4-17 shows the anatomy of Event Grid.

Figure 4-17. Event Grid anatomy
A major difference between EventGrid and Service Bus is the underlying message exchange pattern.
Service Bus implements an older style pull model in which the downstream subscriber actively polls the topic subscription for new messages. On the upside, this approach gives the subscriber full control of the pace at which it processes messages. It controls when and how many messages to process at any given time. Unread messages remain in the subscription until processed. A significant shortcoming is the latency between the time the event is generated and the polling operation that pulls that message to the subscriber for processing. Also, the overhead of constant polling for the next event consumes resources and money.
EventGrid, however, is different. It implements a push model in which events are sent to the EventHandlers as received, giving near real-time event delivery. It also reduces cost as the service is triggered only when it's needed to consume an event – not continually as with polling. That said, an event handler must handle the incoming load and provide throttling mechanisms to protect itself from becoming overwhelmed. Many Azure services that consume these events, such as Azure Functions and Logic Apps provide automatic autoscaling capabilities to handle increased loads.
Event Grid is a fully managed serverless cloud service. It dynamically scales based on your traffic and charges you only for your actual usage, not pre-purchased capacity. The first 100,000 operations per month are free – operations being defined as event ingress (incoming event notifications), subscription delivery attempts, management calls, and filtering by subject. With 99.99% availability, EventGrid guarantees the delivery of an event within a 24-hour period, with built-in retry functionality for unsuccessful delivery. Undelivered messages can be moved to a "dead-letter" queue for resolution. Unlike Azure Service Bus, Event Grid is tuned for fast performance and doesn't support features like ordered messaging, transactions, and sessions.

Streaming messages in the Azure cloud

Azure Service Bus and Event Grid provide great support for applications that expose single, discrete events like a new document has been inserted into a Cosmos DB. But, what if your cloud-native system needs to process a stream of related events? Event streams are more complex. They're typically time-ordered, interrelated, and must be processed as a group.
Azure Event Hub is a data streaming platform and event ingestion service that collects, transforms, and stores events. It's fine-tuned to capture streaming data, such as continuous event notifications emitted from a telemetry context. The service is highly scalable and can store and process millions of events per second. Shown in Figure 4-18, it's often a front door for an event pipeline, decoupling ingest stream from event consumption.

Figure 4-18. Azure Event Hub
Event Hub supports low latency and configurable time retention. Unlike queues and topics, Event Hubs keep event data after it's been read by a consumer. This feature enables other data analytic services, both internal and external, to replay the data for further analysis. Events stored in event hub are only deleted upon expiration of the retention period, which is one day by default, but configurable.
Event Hub supports common event publishing protocols including HTTPS and AMQP. It also supports Kafka 1.0. Existing Kafka applications can communicate with Event Hub using the Kafka protocol providing an alternative to managing large Kafka clusters. Many open-source cloud-native systems embrace Kafka.
Event Hubs implements message streaming through a partitioned consumer model in which each consumer only reads a specific subset, or partition, of the message stream. This pattern enables tremendous horizontal scale for event processing and provides other stream-focused features that are unavailable in queues and topics. A partition is an ordered sequence of events that is held in an event hub. As newer events arrive, they're added to the end of this sequence. Figure 4-19 shows partitioning in an Event Hub.

Figure 4-19. Event Hub partitioning
Instead of reading from the same resource, each consumer group reads across a subset, or partition, of the message stream.
For cloud-native applications that must stream large numbers of events, Azure Event Hub can be a robust and affordable solution.

About the Author:
Rob Vettor is a Principal Cloud-Native Architect for the Microservice Enterprise Service Group. Reach out to Rob at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) or https://thinkingincloudnative.com/weclome-to-cloud-native/
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Gingr — Revamping The Sex Industry On The Blockchain

Gingr — Revamping The Sex Industry On The Blockchain
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The prostitution industry is here to benefit from embracing the cryptocurrency industry, this might sound so unreal but its very logical. Blockchain industry is here as a safe haven to solve the rigorous financial bane inflicted on sex workers . Gingr a new company on the blockchain aims to revolutionize the prostitution industry by adding cryptocurrency as a payment option for sex workers.
When it comes to adult entertainment business, the sheer number of various legislation and regulations internationally corresponds with the unnerving bulk of threats and challenges still faced by sex workers universally.
Cryptocurrency is a relatively new player in the global financial system but could potentially help solve the issues faced by of one of the oldest industries in the world.
What Exactly is Gingr
Gingr Platform (www.gingr.com) is a market place for paid sex, where service provider meets client. Gіngr platform іѕ a blосkсhаіn technology dеѕіgnеd to provide a соntrоllеd and regulated еnvіrоnmеnt for рrоѕtіtutіоn. Thе Gingr рlаtfоrm іntеndѕ to harmonise and rеgulаtе the prostitution industry. Wіth thе іnnоvаtіvе features аnd blосkсhаіn ѕmаrt соntrасtѕ рrороѕеd bу the Gіngr platform, ріmрѕ thаt run black-market рrоѕtіtutіоn wіll bе put out оf buѕіnеѕѕ. Thе Gіngr technology is еmbеddеd wіth a рrоtосоl which іѕ сараblе оf dеtесtіng if rеgіѕtеrеd ѕеx wоrkеrѕ are independent or undеr thе соntrоl оf a ріmр. “A Gingr” is our name for a sex-worker and includes women, men and transgender who, until now, operated with minimal or generally with inadequate security during the rendering of services.
Thе Gіngr рlаtfоrm wіll еnѕurе аn adequate соmреnѕаtіоn of rеgіѕtеrеd ѕеx wоrkеrѕ. This wіll enable the wоrkеrѕ to аffоrd constant mеdісаl checkup аnd рhуѕісаl maintenance. Commercial ѕеx wіll be ѕаfеr аnd lеѕѕ еxреnѕіvе. Cоnѕеԛuеntіаllу, the rаtе оf rape cases wоuld drastically rеduсе duе to thе аvаіlаbіlіtу of sexual pleasure іn a rеgulаtеd and safer ѕуѕtеm. Tо achieve thіѕ, Gingr proposes tо offer supply nеtwоrkѕ and ѕеxuаl hеаlth сhесkѕ to rеgіѕtеrеd рrоѕtіtutеѕ. Fоrtunаtеlу, thіѕ offer іѕ nоt limited tо Gingr platform uѕеrѕ аnd rеgіѕtrаtіоn is tоtаllу frее. Thіѕ wіll рrоmоtе a ѕаfеr аnd іndереndеnt ѕеx trаdе whісh іѕ the рrіmе objective of the Gingr рlаtfоrm.
Mission
Gingr aims to bring together the fragmented prostitution industry with the use of smart contracts and blockchain technologies. Although the debate over the legalization of prostitution will always continue, Gingr are firmly on the side of legalizing its activities so that they can be regulated making them transparent and free from the black-market.
Gingr revelation is built on the blockchain technology or distributed ledger technology (DLT) and tied with an entirely incorporated reservation platform with various distinctive functionalities. They chose to use the blockchain technology because it gives a detailed history report on all executed transactions between customers, service providers and intermediaries all safely stockpiled on a distributed ledger. The blосkсhаіn tесhnоlоgу wіll hеlр to fасіlіtаtе, verify and еnfоrсе thе exchange оf vаluеѕ and confidential dаtа. The blосkсhаіn ѕmаrt соntrасtѕ wіll еnаblе the рlаtfоrm manage uѕеr dаtа аnd trаnѕасtіоnѕ іn аn іmmutаblе mаnnеr, preventing humаn manipulation оr dеlеtіоn. It wіll аlѕо enable thе Gіngr platform tо рrоvіdе ѕоftwаrе dеvеlорmеnt lіbrаrіеѕ fоr multірlе popular рlаtfоrmѕ whісh wіll bе роwеrеd bу the Gіngr рlаtfоrm tоkеn (GGC). Thе blосkсhаіn will оffеr trаnѕасtіоn trаnѕраrеnсу аnd unbiased еxесutіоn оf uѕеr agreements.
Gingr Products

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Instafuck
Here you get instant access with a guaranteed booking for sex, welcome to the “Instafuck!”. It is ergonomically placed on your screen and is hard to miss. Once you see it on your mobile, your thumb will not resist from stroking the rabbit, our Instafuck brand.
How Instafuck works
Gingrs (sex workers) activate their Instafuck status.
All available gingrs will be displayed.
Client selects favourite gingr.
GG Coin sent to escrow to PAY NOW!
Through our scanning process funds will be released from escrow to begin the date.
Hook up
Hook Up, a method of booking, allows you to find your most desired choice at your preferred time and place. A Hook Up can easily be done with a few clicks and will be confirmed by the service providers.
Free Version
There is a free option for all users to register and create a profile so that they can use the platform and experience it firsthand for themselves. This free version will have the necessary features active to allow the user to get a real feel of the platform.
Premium Account
By subscribing to one of our Premium Accounts users will have full access to all the features Gingr has to offer. There are a selection of different subscriptions depending on the type of user and prices have been set on a country category basis.
Gingr's Ecosystem

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Gingr pop n go
Pop n go allows interested individuals to use their properties into a temporary sex house. It will be a section exclusively for real estate rentals, such as rooms, apartments, villas or any other useful properties for our service providers. Establishments and private landlords will be able to advertise their properties which Gingrs can book and use as workplaces.
Gingr care
This is a service support unit for all sex workers, they will be attended to by professionals in case they need help. It is a space where sex-workers can come to a place of confidentiality for support, guidance and with an in-house doctor to provide essential tests. Help and information will be provided to all sex-workers, whether they are registered with Gingr or not.
Gingr connect
Gingr Connect is a global online international recruitment feature where Gingrs, establishments and agencies can find job offers and work opportunities. This is beneficial for businesses where there is a high turnover of workers and must spend a lot of time looking for new ones. Escort organizations, brothels, erotic establishments, and any sex workers can sign up at the recruitment center. It connects everyone.
Gingr bank
This will help solve the lingering cash problem for sex workers.
Gingr APP
The #gingr application was created for users of Android, Windows, Mac OS, iOS and Linus with great features that are all easy to navigate. With its user-friendly interface users can safely store their digital assets on the gingr side chain, also they can send, receive, trade, and view their balances on the go. There is an added functionality on the application that allows exchanging of#gcc tokens for other erc-20 (ethereum) mainnet tokens.
External Apis
Gingr Smart Contracts will provide software development libraries for multiple popular platforms such as online escort agencies, sex portals and potentially other industries. This can be done so that these platforms can integrate GGC in to their payments gateway and allow clients to pay sex-workers.
Fintech services
This is a combination of financial services and technology to help companies manage the financial aspects of their business and includes a variety of software and apps, processes and business models. Currently, sex-workers, establishments and agencies cannot hold a bank account for income received from paid sex work and are forced to hold all their proceeds in cash. Not being able to keep money in a bank account can give businesses logistical problems such as paying monthly outgoings and more importantly any savings they have will be in cash and therefore not gain any interest to at least keep up with inflation rates making their hard earned cash lose value. By planning to facilitate a means for these businesses to store their funds the Gingr aims to provide them a solution for some or hopefully all these related problems.
Why choose the Gingr Platform?
Clients
A Gingr’s client gets:
access to instant and guaranteed sex;
a quick and effortless way to browse;
locate nearest Service Providers;
view online Gingrs;
information securely stored while remaining anonymous;
secure, fast and confidential blockchain payment system with GGC.
Gingr
A Gingr gets:
instant access to customers worldwide with only one profile on a single platform;
Gingrs regular working tool;
be visible to the nearest potential clients through geo-location;
services pre-paid by clients;
personal finance feature;
receive payments directly through the platform;
personal profile on their Establishment/Agency listing;
access to crypto and fiat accounts.
Establishments and Agencies
Establishments and Agencies get:
management features to assist their Gingr bookings;
the inbuilt geo-locator advertises their business;
services pre-paid by clients;
access to crypto and fiat accounts.
Gingr Token
Gingr coins are a product of many years of experience in the financial sector and created by Gingrcoin which was founded in 2015. Gingrcoin together with other high-level investors and Binary Options Brokers created Gingr coins that prioritized ICO participants (Early Coin Offer). The gingr coin is the first decentralized digital currency created to connect various worlds of digital finance in one single currency.
Thе official tоkеn of thе Gingr рlаtfоrm іѕ thе GGC tоkеn. The tоkеn has a tоtаl supply of 1,000 million GGC tokens. The planned cryptocurrency GGC aims to reduce physical cash held by any service provider during working hours and therefore reducing the likelihood of crimes being committed and the general incentive for abusive behaviour.
Token Details
NAME: GINGR
TICKER: GGC
NETWORK: ERC-20 COMPLIANT
TYPE: UTILITY
TOTAL SUPPLY: 1 BILLION
PRICE: €0.12
HARDCAP: €20.45 Million

PLEASE VISIT THE USEFUL LINKS BELOW FOR MORE INFORMATION;
Website: https://www.ggcico.io
Whitepaper: https://api.ggcoin.ch/download/pdf/ggc-white-paper.pdf
Telegram: https://t.me/gingrggcgroup
Twitter: https://mobile.twitter.com/GingrICO
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/gingr.ch
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/gingrerotic
BountyOx Username: Brainerdpaul
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Things To Know before Implementing Blockchain In Your Business 📷

The Revolution of Blockchain in today’s world is in its fullest swing. A recent article published by Forbes stated that within a year, the search results for the keyword blockchain on Google have increased by over 250%.
Now, the question is: what is Blockchain?
Blockchain or also known as DLT (Distributed Ledger Technology) refers to an expanding collection of records.
Collection of these records are called blocks and each block has a cryptographic hash function that links it to the block that precedes it.
The databases of Blockchain are open, distributed ledgers that are generally managed by a peer-to-peer network. Data cannot be replicated, updated or deleted, once it is stored in a block.
Incorporation of Blockchain into business increases transparency, ensures accountability and abolishes third-party involvement.
The nodes of a blockchain do not require any intermediary to validate the transaction because the mechanism of blockchain designed such a way that one can self-validate transactions and make it valid from a legal point of view.
A recent survey by payment pulse of 500 CFOs, only 1.2% knows that how the blockchain could transform its business and make it more competitive.
It is important to understand why blockchain is important and evaluating the best solution for your business could prove to be the next step towards the success of your business.
In this article, I will help you understand why you need to adopt the blockchain and choose the best blockchain network that will produce the highest results for your business.
Why integrate the blockchain in business?
If you can increase the value of your business by bringing more transparency to your customers or if your business can benefit from a tamper-proof record keeping system or if your business can take advantage of a token-based business model, then the blockchain is suitable for your business.
The implementation of blockchain in companies can improve authenticity, transparency, and accountability within the organization.
However, it is interesting to note that most of the business applications of blockchain technology fall into two general categories:
Transfer of digital asset
In more technical terms, digital resources are contained that have been formatted in binary code and include the right to use these resources.
These resources are assigned digital ownership and include everything that is recorded online or offline on USB drives and SD cards. There are several online platforms for the transfer of these digital resources, but the disadvantage is the lack of security.
This is where the blockchain shines through its peer-to-peer network that is constantly checked. In the traditional model of digital marketing, each trading platform manages its own database in which all seller data are stored.
Although all data is protected by third parties, there is a central authority with access to all data.
In contrast, blockchain-based trading is based on decentralization, that is, buyers and sellers will have a comfortable and secure trading platform, with their identities remaining anonymous.it allows business to connect with their customers directly.
Transparency (Audit Logging)
Blockchain in business helps to maintain transparency by securely registering their activities and transactions.
All details remain intact and anonymous for each user but records all these transactions in an immutable ledger, which means that with the correct decryption code or a public key, all data can be accessed at any time.
This ensures transparency for all users on the network. All transactions will be easily accessible and visible so, the auditing on an organization make very easy.
Each transaction in a blockchain network can be easily tracked by its origin to its final destination.
For a supply chain system or asset management structure, such a level of transparency will add an additional layer of protection to the safety of their materials. The need for error checking, accounting activities advanced auditing is totally eliminating.
Now you know why you should embrace blockchain business.
you need to understand the basics of every blockchain network and the types of blockchain networks to decide the network that best fits your business.
Types of Blockchain
Public blockchains
As the name suggests, a public blockchain is an open, distributed and decentralized network.
Anyone can read, write, download the protocol or participate in a public network.
In a public blockchain transaction are saved as blocks and linked together to built a chain.
All new blocks are time-stamped and validated by all the computers connected to the network, called nodes before being written into the blockchain.
All of the nodes are equal and all the transactions are public. This means that a public blockchain is persistent, it means once data is verified it cannot be changed.
Ethereum is the most famous public channel. It is a chain of smart blocks of open contract type.
Private blockchains
A private blockchain, on the other hand, is a network of invitations only governed by a single entity.
Participants in the network must be allowed to read, write or check the blockchain. There may be multiple levels of access and information can be encrypted to ensure commercial confidentiality.
Without making data public-private blockchains allow organizations to use distributed ledger technology. But this obviously means that they lack a key element of the blockchain: decentralization.
Some critics argue that private blockchain centralized databases that use distributed ledger technology.
Private blockchains are relatively faster, more efficient and much cheaper than public blockchains because they require a lot of time and energy to validate transactions.
Federated or Consortium Blockchains
The federated blockchain tries to eliminate the only characteristic of autonomy in which all the authorities fall with a single entity, as in private blockchains. Essentially, there is more than one responsible entity.
A group of companies or representative individuals get together to make favorable network decisions. These groups are also called federations or consortiums, that is the reason the name blockchain federate or consortium.
These blockchains are able to execute a complete node, start and add transactions to the chain. It can also examine or control the blockchain in an explorer blockchain.
In these types of companies, blockchain can be adopted according to the degree of usability and accessibility of data and can be customized according to the specific needs of the company.
Once you have chosen the type of blockchain, the next step is to choose the appropriate blockchain platform.
Important Blockchain platforms
If private, public or federated, applying blockchain to a company is not easy.
The goals of any company would be cost reduction, customer retention, and cost savings.
The production practices and usability of each blockchain platform must be analyzed by a company to evaluate its effectiveness in increasing its productivity.
The adoption of a blockchain platform can increase work efficiency and reduce costs in each company. So, the next important factor that a company should consider is the platform to be used.
Let me introduce you to the most used and important blockchain platforms on the market.
EOS
EOS is a blockchain platform used for the development of decentralized apps (dApps). Facilitates the development of the dApp by providing a set of functions and services that can be used by the operating system.
The idea behind the development of EOS is to bring together the best features and the best promises of different smart contract technologies on the market. In simple terms, the EOS community aims to provide a scalable and easy-to-use application platform for everyday users.
EOS aims to create a blockchain-based platform that can quickly and securely scale thousands of transactions in a second while providing an accessible experience for developers, users, and entrepreneurs.
Their goal is to provide an operating system suitable for decentralized applications by providing services such as user authentication, cloud storage, and server hosting.
Main features of EOS:
  1. It is Scalable platform for dApp on an industrial scale
  2. Ability to execute millions of transactions per second.
  3. Activities and functions are monitored by Block One
  4. The consent model requires Delegated Proof Of stake (DPoS).
  5. Smart contracts are created using Web Assembly.
BigChainDB
BigChainDB is an open source distributed ledger system designed to save large amounts of data and allow developers to distribute blockchain and proof of concept applications.
The database provides interrogation capabilities, decentralized control, immutability, low latency, powerful and high-speed transaction processing.
The system does not have its own currency but allows you to issue and transfer assets, tokens, and cryptocurrencies. BigChainDB supports custom digital resources and establishes access permissions at the transaction level.
BigChainDB is based on a model of consensus of the federation, a federation of nodes with voting privileges.
BigChainDB supports public and private networks, as well as intellectual property, public administration, human resources, and cadastre.
Main features of BigchainDB
  1. Highly customized for needs such as identity management, intellectual property management, and land registration, etc.
  2. Native support for multiple resources: in the absence of a native currency on BigchainDB, it is possible to issue assets, tokens or currency.
3 To ensure clear separation of activities and apply for selective access BigChainDB Set permissions at the transaction level.
  1. Options to write and execute any MongoDB query to find the contents of all the transactions, resources, metadata, and stored blocks. Made by MongoDB itself.
  2. Managed and owned by BigchainDB.
  3. BigChainDB is a distributed database system.
Ethereum
It is an open source Blockchain platform. Ethereum provides programming tools for its creation and executes smart contracts.
The platform can simplify both the development of new generation decentralized applications (DApp) and online contractual agreements. Ethereum allows its users to design and issue cryptocurrencies and negotiable digital tokens.
A user can create his own DAO (democratic autonomous organization), for example, a virtual organization in which various problems are solved by voting members.
Main characteristics of the Ethereum network:
  1. Popular with widespread applications and used mainly for P2P and B2C operations
  2. Most Activities are carried out by the developers
  3. In the case of a public blockchain, no specific authorization is required to access the content of the network.
  4. It is based on the Proof of Stake (POS) for the decision-making process.
  5. Smart contracts are built using the Solidity programming language
  6. It is powered by its native Ether cryptocurrency.
Corda
Corda is an open source Blockchain platform developed to create authorized distributed Ledger systems.
The project was generated by the R3 consortium, bringing together the major banks.
Corda Allows users to manage legal agreements between different parties. Like any other large distributed ledger, R3 Corda guarantees the security of data storage and the immutability of data logging.
It should be noted that only Corda allows the development of interoperable blockchain networks that conduct transactions in compliance with confidentiality.
For now, it is probably the only distributed accounting platform to have a connectable consensus.
Main features of the R3 Corda:
  1. Operates on a largely specialized ledger adapted to the needs of the financial sector.
  2. Corda is Governed and managed by the R3 company.
  3. For a private blockchain, permission is required to access the content of the network.
  4. Only the parties involved in a transaction can make a decision.
  5. In Corda, the Smart contracts are built in the Kotlin programming language.
Hyperledger fabric
The Linux Foundation release Blockchain Hyperledger Fabric in 2016. It is one of the most popular Hyperledger projects hosted by The Linux Foundation
For the implementation of the smart contract the fabric is written in Go and uses Docker containers. The platform serves as a basis for creating blockchain-based solutions with a modular architecture and supports the use of one or more networks.
This achieves high levels of reliability, flexibility, and scalability.
It also contains channels for sharing confidential information and approval policies for transactions.
Main features of the Hyperledger fabric:
  1. Preferred platform for B2B transactions and used primarily by companies.
  2. Activities are managed and monitored by the Linux Foundation.
  3. Since this is a private blockchain, data access permissions are limited.
  4. The consent process does not require the participation of all the nodes of a network.
  5. By using Golang programming language Smart contracts are built.
Conclusion
The integration of Blockchain into Business can impress its customers with transparency and loyalty.
By eliminating brokers, companies can deal directly with their customers, create lasting relationships and attract new customers.
The need for blockchain in companies is real and should become a huge market.
Rather than buying a centralized service architecture or paying a flat rate for Google or Amazon web services, it's always a good idea for companies to look for more comprehensive protection that can easily host their services on a hosting space. decentralized by a blockchain platform.
If you want to implement blockchain in your business contact Smart Crypto Solution. It is the most encouraging company with hard work and responsive customer approach. They provide different services like crypto coin development, ICO development, smart contract development, Blockchain development, Wallet development etc
submitted by smartcryptosolution to BlockchainStartups [link] [comments]

Things To Know before Implementing Blockchain In Your Business

The Revolution of Blockchain in today’s world is in its fullest swing. A recent article published by Forbes stated that within a year, the search results for the keyword blockchain on Google have increased by over 250%.
Now, the question is: what is Blockchain?
Blockchain or also known as DLT (Distributed Ledger Technology) refers to an expanding collection of records.
Collection of these records are called blocks and each block has a cryptographic hash function that links it to the block that precedes it.
The databases of Blockchain are open, distributed ledgers that are generally managed by a peer-to-peer network. Data cannot be replicated, updated or deleted, once it is stored in a block.
Incorporation of Blockchain into business increases transparency, ensures accountability and abolishes third-party involvement.
The nodes of a blockchain do not require any intermediary to validate the transaction because the mechanism of blockchain designed such a way that one can self-validate transactions and make it valid from a legal point of view.
A recent survey by payment pulse of 500 CFOs, only 1.2% knows that how the blockchain could transform its business and make it more competitive.
It is important to understand why blockchain is important and evaluating the best solution for your business could prove to be the next step towards the success of your business.
In this article, I will help you understand why you need to adopt the blockchain and choose the best blockchain network that will produce the highest results for your business.
Why integrate the blockchain in business?
If you can increase the value of your business by bringing more transparency to your customers or if your business can benefit from a tamper-proof record keeping system or if your business can take advantage of a token-based business model, then the blockchain is suitable for your business.
The implementation of blockchain in companies can improve authenticity, transparency, and accountability within the organization.
However, it is interesting to note that most of the business applications of blockchain technology fall into two general categories:
Transfer of digital asset
In more technical terms, digital resources are contained that have been formatted in binary code and include the right to use these resources.
These resources are assigned digital ownership and include everything that is recorded online or offline on USB drives and SD cards. There are several online platforms for the transfer of these digital resources, but the disadvantage is the lack of security.
This is where the blockchain shines through its peer-to-peer network that is constantly checked. In the traditional model of digital marketing, each trading platform manages its own database in which all seller data are stored.
Although all data is protected by third parties, there is a central authority with access to all data.
In contrast, blockchain-based trading is based on decentralization, that is, buyers and sellers will have a comfortable and secure trading platform, with their identities remaining anonymous.it allows business to connect with their customers directly.
Transparency (Audit Logging)
Blockchain in business helps to maintain transparency by securely registering their activities and transactions.
All details remain intact and anonymous for each user but records all these transactions in an immutable ledger, which means that with the correct decryption code or a public key, all data can be accessed at any time.
This ensures transparency for all users on the network. All transactions will be easily accessible and visible so, the auditing on an organization make very easy.
Each transaction in a blockchain network can be easily tracked by its origin to its final destination.
For a supply chain system or asset management structure, such a level of transparency will add an additional layer of protection to the safety of their materials. The need for error checking, accounting activities advanced auditing is totally eliminating.
Now you know why you should embrace blockchain business.
you need to understand the basics of every blockchain network and the types of blockchain networks to decide the network that best fits your business.
Types of Blockchain
Public blockchains
As the name suggests, a public blockchain is an open, distributed and decentralized network.
Anyone can read, write, download the protocol or participate in a public network.
In a public blockchain transaction are saved as blocks and linked together to built a chain.
All new blocks are time-stamped and validated by all the computers connected to the network, called nodes before being written into the blockchain.
All of the nodes are equal and all the transactions are public. This means that a public blockchain is persistent, it means once data is verified it cannot be changed.
Ethereum is the most famous public channel. It is a chain of smart blocks of open contract type.
Private blockchains
A private blockchain, on the other hand, is a network of invitations only governed by a single entity.
Participants in the network must be allowed to read, write or check the blockchain. There may be multiple levels of access and information can be encrypted to ensure commercial confidentiality.
Without making data public-private blockchains allow organizations to use distributed ledger technology. But this obviously means that they lack a key element of the blockchain: decentralization.
Some critics argue that private blockchain centralized databases that use distributed ledger technology.
Private blockchains are relatively faster, more efficient and much cheaper than public blockchains because they require a lot of time and energy to validate transactions.
Federated or Consortium Blockchains
The federated blockchain tries to eliminate the only characteristic of autonomy in which all the authorities fall with a single entity, as in private blockchains. Essentially, there is more than one responsible entity.
A group of companies or representative individuals get together to make favorable network decisions. These groups are also called federations or consortiums, that is the reason the name blockchain federate or consortium.
These blockchains are able to execute a complete node, start and add transactions to the chain. It can also examine or control the blockchain in an explorer blockchain.
In these types of companies, blockchain can be adopted according to the degree of usability and accessibility of data and can be customized according to the specific needs of the company.
Once you have chosen the type of blockchain, the next step is to choose the appropriate blockchain platform.
Important Blockchain platforms
If private, public or federated, applying blockchain to a company is not easy.
The goals of any company would be cost reduction, customer retention, and cost savings.
The production practices and usability of each blockchain platform must be analyzed by a company to evaluate its effectiveness in increasing its productivity.
The adoption of a blockchain platform can increase work efficiency and reduce costs in each company. So, the next important factor that a company should consider is the platform to be used.
Let me introduce you to the most used and important blockchain platforms on the market.
EOS
EOS is a blockchain platform used for the development of decentralized apps (dApps). Facilitates the development of the dApp by providing a set of functions and services that can be used by the operating system.
The idea behind the development of EOS is to bring together the best features and the best promises of different smart contract technologies on the market. In simple terms, the EOS community aims to provide a scalable and easy-to-use application platform for everyday users.
EOS aims to create a blockchain-based platform that can quickly and securely scale thousands of transactions in a second while providing an accessible experience for developers, users, and entrepreneurs.
Their goal is to provide an operating system suitable for decentralized applications by providing services such as user authentication, cloud storage, and server hosting.
Main features of EOS:
  1. It is Scalable platform for dApp on an industrial scale
  2. Ability to execute millions of transactions per second.
  3. Activities and functions are monitored by Block One
  4. The consent model requires Delegated Proof Of stake (DPoS).
  5. Smart contracts are created using Web Assembly.
BigChainDB
BigChainDB is an open source distributed ledger system designed to save large amounts of data and allow developers to distribute blockchain and proof of concept applications.
The database provides interrogation capabilities, decentralized control, immutability, low latency, powerful and high-speed transaction processing.
The system does not have its own currency but allows you to issue and transfer assets, tokens, and cryptocurrencies. BigChainDB supports custom digital resources and establishes access permissions at the transaction level.
BigChainDB is based on a model of consensus of the federation, a federation of nodes with voting privileges.
BigChainDB supports public and private networks, as well as intellectual property, public administration, human resources, and cadastre.
Main features of BigchainDB
  1. Highly customized for needs such as identity management, intellectual property management, and land registration, etc.
  2. Native support for multiple resources: in the absence of a native currency on BigchainDB, it is possible to issue assets, tokens or currency.
3 To ensure clear separation of activities and apply for selective access BigChainDB Set permissions at the transaction level.
  1. Options to write and execute any MongoDB query to find the contents of all the transactions, resources, metadata, and stored blocks. Made by MongoDB itself.
  2. Managed and owned by BigchainDB.
  3. BigChainDB is a distributed database system.
Ethereum
It is an open source Blockchain platform. Ethereum provides programming tools for its creation and executes smart contracts.
The platform can simplify both the development of new generation decentralized applications (DApp) and online contractual agreements. Ethereum allows its users to design and issue cryptocurrencies and negotiable digital tokens.
A user can create his own DAO (democratic autonomous organization), for example, a virtual organization in which various problems are solved by voting members.
Main characteristics of the Ethereum network:
  1. Popular with widespread applications and used mainly for P2P and B2C operations
  2. Most Activities are carried out by the developers
  3. In the case of a public blockchain, no specific authorization is required to access the content of the network.
  4. It is based on the Proof of Stake (POS) for the decision-making process.
  5. Smart contracts are built using the Solidity programming language
  6. It is powered by its native Ether cryptocurrency.
Corda
Corda is an open source Blockchain platform developed to create authorized distributed Ledger systems.
The project was generated by the R3 consortium, bringing together the major banks.
Corda Allows users to manage legal agreements between different parties. Like any other large distributed ledger, R3 Corda guarantees the security of data storage and the immutability of data logging.
It should be noted that only Corda allows the development of interoperable blockchain networks that conduct transactions in compliance with confidentiality.
For now, it is probably the only distributed accounting platform to have a connectable consensus.
Main features of the R3 Corda:
  1. Operates on a largely specialized ledger adapted to the needs of the financial sector.
  2. Corda is Governed and managed by the R3 company.
  3. For a private blockchain, permission is required to access the content of the network.
  4. Only the parties involved in a transaction can make a decision.
  5. In Corda, the Smart contracts are built in the Kotlin programming language.
Hyperledger fabric
The Linux Foundation release Blockchain Hyperledger Fabric in 2016. It is one of the most popular Hyperledger projects hosted by The Linux Foundation
For the implementation of the smart contract the fabric is written in Go and uses Docker containers. The platform serves as a basis for creating blockchain-based solutions with a modular architecture and supports the use of one or more networks.
This achieves high levels of reliability, flexibility, and scalability.
It also contains channels for sharing confidential information and approval policies for transactions.
Main features of the Hyperledger fabric:
  1. Preferred platform for B2B transactions and used primarily by companies.
  2. Activities are managed and monitored by the Linux Foundation.
  3. Since this is a private blockchain, data access permissions are limited.
  4. The consent process does not require the participation of all the nodes of a network.
  5. By using Golang programming language Smart contracts are built.
Conclusion
The integration of Blockchain into Business can impress its customers with transparency and loyalty.
By eliminating brokers, companies can deal directly with their customers, create lasting relationships and attract new customers.
The need for blockchain in companies is real and should become a huge market.
Rather than buying a centralized service architecture or paying a flat rate for Google or Amazon web services, it's always a good idea for companies to look for more comprehensive protection that can easily host their services on a hosting space. decentralized by a blockchain platform.
If you want to implement blockchain in your business contact Smart Crypto Solution. It is the most encouraging company with hard work and responsive customer approach. They provide different services like crypto coin development, ICO development, smart contract development, Blockchain development, Wallet development etc
submitted by smartcryptosolution to u/smartcryptosolution [link] [comments]

[ADWD/GAME] Some criticism of the story of the Telltale Game of Thrones game

For some time now I have been slowly writing a critique of the story and lore presented in Telltale's Game of Thrones, and I thought I'd share it here, partly for some discussion in the long wait for The Winds of WinteSeason 7, and also because I ran into the character limit on Steam and needed somewhere post the rest of my review!
Please not that I've only focused on the story of the game, and how it fits in with the wider A Song of Ice and Fire/Game of Thrones world, but I will just say that the engine is still awful, the game stutters through all seven hells when changing scenes, and the illusion of choice is more apparent than ever before. Anyway, let's get to the meat of any Telltale game - the story.
Also, it helps to read this in Mr Plinkett's voice.
House Forrester - They are what I'd call a forth-rung House (like how House Tollett is sworn to House Royce is sworn to House Arryn is sworn to House Baratheon, House Forrester is sworn to House Glover is sworn to House Stark is sworn to House Baratheon). Then why does this incredibly minor House have sole ownership to the ability to construct the defensive equivalent of Valyrian Steel swords? According to the game, this incredibly rare and valuable resource apparently only grows in two places south of the Wall (both places conveniently obey the contours of the political regions of two minor forth-rung Houses), and House Forrester are the only ones who can work it - why then aren't they richer than the Lannisters, or the Starks, or at very least the Whitehills? If there was a minor House that uncovered the art of re-forging Valyrian Steel they would make enough money to buy and sell the Iron Bank of Braavos. Why is this House so seemingly poor? Is the only reason they are so poor despite their huge deposit of natural resources due to the need to shoehorn in a sense of urgency and foreboding into the plot? Every problem this House runs into throughout the course of the game could be solved if they reached their hand into Ironrath's treasury (which should be overflowing due to the demand of the products of the miracle wood that grows only in their backyard) and hired a sellsword company. Also, why aren't they rushing to the defence of House Glover? This game takes place at the tail end of season three, and throughout season four of the show. During this entire time House Glover's seat of Deapwood Motte is under the control of the invading Ironborn. Why aren't we helping to free our liege lords? More to the point, why haven't the Ironborn invaded Ironrath, considering how valuable Ironwood is?
House Whitehill - My biggest gripe with this House is that when you take their location and their religion into account they make zero sense. Ask yourself this: how did a House, sworn to the Boltons, situated north of Winterfell, end up following the Faith of the Seven, the religion of the south? Telltale's decision with House Whitehill just baffles me. The only thing we knew about House Whitehill before this game is that they followed the Faith of the Seven, and every decision Telltale made with them doesn't take this one fact into account. I liked the design of their seat, Highpoint, and I felt it really fit their status, but House Whitehill would make much more sense being sworn to House Manderly (a powerful third rung House in the North that follows the Faith of the Seven, and has numerous vassal forth-rung Houses sworn to it), and having nothing at all to do with this game.
Also, where does this House make their money? It's repeatedly pointed out how House Whitehill can't work Ironwood, so it's not like they're trading that valuable resource - how then are they able to afford hundreds of Sellswords when House Forrester (which is literally surrounded by valuable natural resources only they can use) cannot also do the same?
If I had the ability to alter only minor things within this game, I would remove House Whitehill. Have a rival House, by all means, but make it one of the other Houses sworn to House Glover (e.g. House Branch, House Bole, or House Woods - all of which were introduced in the same sentence in 'A Dance with Dragons' alongside House Forrester). This would also handily explain why House Glover couldn't interfere in defence of the Forresters - they didn't want to pick sides in a skirmish between their vassals. It would also help to make the spread of Ironwood trees more believable, as it would be one large patch of Ironwood trees within the Wolfswood, as opposed to two separate patches spread out on opposite sides of the North. This in turn helps make the fight for resources more believable, whereas the Forrester vs. Whitehill feud displayed in the game is the equivalent of a border dispute between Alaska and Florida.
House Glenmore - And thus Telltale stops trying to fit in with the pre-established canon, and creates their own House (because somehow they felt that there weren't enough pre-existing Houses?)! We know they are from the Rills, and that they are likely another forth-rung House (sworn to House Rsywell). Then why does the Lord of this measly, unimportant family have a group of twenty Elite Archers? It's the equivalent of the Mayor of Ord, Nebraska (population 2084) getting a protection unit of 20 members of the Secret Service. For what it's worth, I hated the design of these archers. They didn't look like they fitted Westeros at all, and very clearly done to cut corners, because their awful uniform allowed Telltale to reuse the model. I found Elaena to be an interesting addition to the game, and enjoyed how they utilised the importance of marriage in creating wartime alliances. But before I start getting too positive, I hated her brother Arthur. Not because of his character (he didn't have any personality to hate, he was clearly introduced just to add to the body count), but his awful, awful nickname. "Here's a guy who practises archery, what should we call him?" "Quiver!". Ugh, so terribly unimaginative.
House Branfield - Another House Telltale invented, but they make far less sense within the wider world than House Glenmore. How did a minor House from the Reach marry into a minor House in the Wolfswood? What did either House stand to gain? How did this match get brokered in the first place? The War of the Ninepenny Kings created very odd friendships, I grant you (read up on how Peter Baelish became a ward of Hoster Tully if you need an example), but that occurred almost forty years before the start of the game, so that clearly couldn't of resulted the match between Gregor and Elissa! Both Houses could've made far better political matches within their own regions. It's also been pre-established how insanely rare this type of match is in both the books and the show. The only Reach/North marriage we know of is when Jorah Mormont married the daughter of Leyton Hightower. But let's break it down further: Jorah had recently distinguished himself as a fighter in the Greyjoy Rebellion. Jorah had also just won further renown at the Tourney at Lannisport, and asked for Lynesse's hand in marriage following his victory. Jorah was the future Lord of Bear Island, a principle bannerman to House Stark. Jorah was a widower, whose first bride was a match of politics. Lynesse was Lord Hightower's eighth born daughter, and her older sisters had already secured her father multiple alliances with his neighbouring lords in the Reach, including his liege lord Mace Tyrell. This match was made through a rare set of circumstances which certainly didn't occur for Gregor the Good.
Secondly, how did this House manage to lose their seat? It's mentioned that they lost it in the aftermath of Robert's Rebellion, but this goes against everything we know about King Robert and his post-war administration. He forgave literally everybody! Robert forgave House Tyrell, House Martell and all of the Crownlands Houses for defending the Targaryens. He forgave House Greyjoy following their rebellion. We know that some Houses, such as House Connington, or House Merryweather, or House Mooton - all staunch supporters of the Targaryens, with the former two each having members serve as Aery's hand of the King - had the size of their lands reduced, but they still kept a hold of their keeps, and parts of their land. Why are we supposed to believe that Robert took the lands off a minor House like House Branfield? We know that the male line is still around, as Malcolm Branfield (y'know, the guy they wrote out halfway through the game to hang around with Daenearys, despite never being mentioned in the books or the show) is still alive, and was certainly able to keep the line going. The entire reasoning behind House Branfield losing their seat goes against everything we know of King Robert and his philosophy of turning the other cheek, and just feels downright wrong within the wider story.
The Sentinel - Firstly, why is this forth rung House the only House to practise this? It's painfully obvious how Telltale wanted to try to recreate the Hand of the King position, but it makes no sense when we're playing as such a minor House as this one. Anyway, let's just ignore the that glaring inconsistency with the rest of Westeros. When Ethan became Lord, to fit the brash and offensive play style I had picked for him, I opted to make the warmongering Ser Royland Degore his sentinel. However, when Rodrik became Lord, why could I not switch to Duncan Tuttle? Ethan chose a new sentinel following the death of Gregor the Good, why could I not change it following Rodrik succeeding Ethan? I routinely picked the options that allowed me to play Rodrik as I wanted to play him: unconfident, appeasing, uncertain, and yearning for an end to hostilities. Why oh why could I not change my sentinel to Duncan in order to reflect this decision? Well, there's an answer, and it's to do with shoddy writing. Midway through the first of six episodes you are given a binary choice, do you make Ser Royland or Duncan Tuttle your Sentinel? Well, if you choose Ser Royland, Duncan takes it very well, and continues to prove his unwavering love and loyalty to House Forrester. He fights to protect them, he mourns their dead with them, he encourages his nephew to break his sacred vow and betray the Night's Watch to better serve House Forrester, he consistently preaches peace to bring an end to the bloodshed and keep House Forrester safe, and at the end of episode five it's revealed that he's actually been feeding House Whitehill information all along, prolonging the bloodshed and constantly weakening the future of House Forrester. Alternatively, if you pick Duncan, Ser Royland puts this slight aside and literally attacks House Whitehill to save the lives and livelihood of House Forrester (including at one point attempting to murder Lord Whitehill), both at Lord Rodrick's command and of his own volition, and the risk of his own life, only to have it revealed in episode five that... he's a spy for House Whitehill. Whose Lord he tried to kill. And whose soldiers he tried to kill. And who he's always trying to get us to take up arms against. The motivation for their betrayal makes no sense, their actions do not correspond with their betrayal in any way, and the fact then when decision is locked in from episode one only serves to show how poorly written this whole debacle is. Keep in mind how I pointed out how Telltale denies us the option to change Sentinel after changing Lord, meaning that their own poor writing even contradicts the (admittedly poorly constructed) lore that they themselves created. This is a Telltale choice in a nutshell.
Finn - Does anyone else think it doesn't make sense that Finn follows the Old Gods? He purportedly comes from around Raventree Hill, the seat of House Blackwood, who worship the Old Gods - but would the Smallfolk in that region not follow the Seven? I can understand that an ancient noble House like the Blackwood's would keep to their traditions, but their Smallfolk? We hear time and time again how prevalent the Faith of the Seven is in the Riverlands, it seems unimaginable that the Smallfolk surrounding Raventree Hill hadn't been converted over time. Infact in book four we see firsthand how the Smallfolk of the Riverlands react to people who don't follow their Faith (see the overall spread of R'hllor across the Riverlands, including the part where Septon Meribald leads the orphans in prayer, and the reactions when Gendry (a worshiper of R'hllor) abstains). We also know how exceedingly rare Weirwood trees are south of the Neck, so how do these Smallfolk practise their religion? Are we supposed to believe that Finn (and the rest of these apparent Old Gods worshippers in the Riverlands) all travelled to the Isle of Faces to worship? Or are we supposed to believe Lord Tytos Blackwood let all of these Smallfolk into his Godswood to worship? It makes no sense.
Also, in episode three, how was he able to read my map? Whilst we don't know what his profession was, we know he's a low born commoner. We also know he couldn't of learnt to read from a Septon, as Telltale made him worship the Old Gods (for some reason). Looks like Telltale missed the point when Tywin Lannister said "He was a well-read stonemason? Can't say I've ever met a literate stonemason".
Cotter - Go back and watch the scene from Season 1, where Osha is captured, wherein she and her Wildling companions get caught and threaten to kill Brandon Stark, a boy of 10. Then watch the Jon Snow scenes from Season 3. Notice how the wildlings treat Jon, a Crow whose has abandoned the Wall for Mance Raydar. Then watch Battle for the Wall in Season 4, and the ferocity with which the Free Folk attack the Night's Watch. Then look at Hardhome in Season 5, and the immediate reluctance most wildlings have at the prospect of joining forces with the Night's Watch, even though their backs are up against the wall, and their situation is beyond desperate. Now, with all this in mind, picture the moment when Cotter gets caught stealing weapons south of the Wall. Why, with everything we know of Wildling/Night's Watch relations, would Cotter choose to join the Night's Watch? Why would he befriend members of the Watch? Wildlings joining the Watch isn't unheard of in the books, but this only happens after Jon Snow lets them pass through the Wall. Cotter's presence in the Night's Watch completely negates the gravity of Wildlings like Leathers who take the black, and of the other Wildlings who agree to help man the Wall.
Also, like Finn, how can this Wildling suddenly master the science of reading? Is Telltale seriously suggesting that there are people north of the Wall writing and reading books? He also uses the phrase "Seven Hells" to express surprise. Why? He's a wildling, who almost entirely keep to the faith of the Old Gods (although there are a few tribes in the extreme northern reaches who keep their own unique deities). In the North, belonging to the Faith of the Seven is a rare thing (see my House Whitehill section), to the point where they're mostly situated to regions around the White Knife, in the southernmost part of the North. With this in mind, how did Cotter become so acquainted with the Faith of the Seven that he could pick up a phrase like "Seven Hells"?
Frostfingers - Oh look, it's the guy Telltale created because they didn't hire Ser Alliser Thorne's actor! Oh look, he's got all of negative features of Ser Alliser without any of the redeeming qualities that make Ser Alliser a well rounded character! Oh look, he's got an awful nickname. I sure hope this completely one-dimensional character isn't a sign of things to come (spoiler alert, it is). Frostfinger is actually representative of a number of characters in this game. So many characters are just carbon copies of show/book characters, and instead of making me care about them and invest in them (as I did with Ser Alliser Thorne), all I can think about is how shoddily written, poorly constructed and bizarrely motivated they are. Frostfinger is a poor imitation of Ser Alliser. Elissa Forrester is Catelyn Tully. Lord Morgyn is Littlefinger. Finn is Karl Tanner. There are other characters who, whilst not as blatantly a rip off as others, are equally one dimentional. Maester Ortengryn is there only to heal your character, and exposit some dialogue about the family tree, with no character of his own. Sylvi is the tough little wildling girl. Croft is the brash sellsword captain. And all of them are just so dull.
Jon Snow - Why was Gared sent to Castle Black? Send him to join the Night's Watch, sure, but why bother having Gared go to Castle Black? It's no exaggeration when I say he takes no part in any of the important events at Castle Black such as the debate over whether they should attack the Wildlings raiding The Gift, he's not there for the choosing of the next Lord Commander, he doesn't participate in the attack on Craster's Keep - all these events at Caste Black pass him by, his presence is beyond inconsequential. He doesn't give us a chance to see the other side of minor antagonists (like Karl Tanner, or Ser Alliser, or Janos Slynt), we don't get to see the very minor characters (like Othell Yarwyck, or Donnel Hill, or Three Fingered Hobb) fleshed out, we don't meet characters from the books (like Dywen, or Iron Emmet or Satin), and we don't get to revisit characters now dead (like Maester Aemon, or Pyp, or Grenn). We don't even get Samwell Tarly. Instead we get Jon Snow. Don't get me wrong, I love Jon Snow, but his appearance is both underused and unnecessary. When we first meet him he has just come back from the great ranging, most of his Brothers think he's still loyal to the wildling cause, and he is currently awaiting trial for breaking his vows. All of this, and yet he's able to dictate orders to Frostfinger, randomly pull his brothers out of training at a moment's notice, and escort new recruits on their way to take their vows? The only reason Gared went to Castle Black was to meet Jon Snow, so that Telltale could advertise the game as featuring Jon Snow. He could've been dispatched to Shadow Tower or Eastwatch-by-the-Sea (places that thusfar have only received passing mentions in both the books and show), and give us a chance to see a part of Westeros we've never seen (more on this later on).
Margaery Tyrell - Throughout the entirety of the King's Landing plot you never interact with ANYONE from any of the other four stories, and NOTHING you do impacts on the other stories whatsoever. Mira's entire story can be completely removed from the game and the story would be none the worse and still make as much narrative sense. This is because Telltale could get several actors from the cast of King's Landing, and needed part of the story to take place there to justify it. Enter, Lady Mira. The fact that Mira is Margaery's handmaiden is completely baffling to me. We know who is in Margarey's Household. We know that most of Margaery's ladies in waiting come from other branches of House Tyrell, and that the rest are daughters of her father's bannermen such as House Merryweahter and House Crane. The game tells us that Mira's mother, Elissa, arranged this, but this just raises so many more questions. It would be a very privileged position for someone to be a lady-in-waiting to the future Queen of the Seven Kingdoms, so what did Lady Elissa offer to broker this? If the promise of Ironwood tempted the Tyrells, then why doesn't House Forrester have more promising and frequent marriage offers in exchange for Ironwood (surely at least House Glover would be interested, if not House Stark)? Are we meant to believe Elissa utilised her ties to the Reach through House Branfield to tempt the Tyrells, despite the fact they haven't had political ties there in decades (See the House Branfield section at the top for extra reasons why this appointment is baffling)? Was Margaery comfortable having a handmaiden whose family was actively rebelling against the Iron Throne, and who were at war with both her family and the family of her betrothed? Was Mira with Margaery when she was betrothed to Renly? If she wasn't with Margaery when she was with Renly, wouldn't it make Mira's appointment all the stranger, considering every House in the North was in open rebellion at that time? If she was with Margaery when she was married to Renly, why didn't House Forrester declare for Renly? Why didn't they declare for Joffery once House Tyrell switched allegiances? Why didn't Renly/Joffery use Mira as a hostage in the War of the Five Kings, as they did with other highborn prisoners? Wouldn't Margaery and Mira follow different Gods, and wouldn't that affect the choice of handmaidens (also, for a series in which Religion plays such an important part, this game's complete absence of it is staggering, especially considering House Whitehill follows the Faith of the Seven)?
As well as been unfeasible within the setting, Mira's appointment also creates holes within the wider plot. Do you all remember how in Season/Book 3, Margaery used to keep calling on Sansa Stark whist Olenna Tyrell was trying to arrange a match with Loras/Willas Tyrell? Why, if Margaery was trying to get close to Sansa, didn't she use Mira? Think about it: Sansa and Mira are both from the North, they're both the same age, both worship the same Gods, both have lost family members as a result of the War of the Five Kings. It would be a great way to lull Sansa into trusting Margaery, by showing her another Northern girls admiration for her. So what possible reason did Margaery have for not bringing her Northern handmaiden along? The only one I can think of is that Sophie Turner said no to Telltale.
Sera Flowers - Sera's appointment makes even less sense than Mira's! By getting closer to Mira, Margaery does at least gain some influence with another House (albeit a minor, forth rung House on the other side of Westeros). By having a bastard take up a valuable place in her household Margaery not only gains nothing in return, she is actively losing out by not giving this place to the daughter of one of her father's powerful bannermen. It could've gone to a Rowan, or a Tarly, or a Redwyne or any other important family. Olenna and Margaery have demonstrated time and time again that they are very adept at playing 'the game of thrones', then why did they make this mistake by not offering the position to a more valuable handmaiden? Or rather, why did Telltale make this mistake?
Tom - I pushed this guy away at every opportunity, yet he just kept coming back for more. Why do Tom, Mira and Telltale think it is completely normal behaviour for the Queen's handmaiden and a coal boy to keep meeting in broad daylight, in front of other members of the Royal court? I played Mira as someone who cared little for the Smallfolk, particularly in her interactions with Tom. When we first meet, and he asks to do the fires in Mira's room? I sent him away, and told him to come back later. When Damien the Lannister guard was drowning Tom? I ran away, and left him to die - Mira doesn't want to get blood on her hands just to save some coal boys life! When Tom considers going into Tyrion's chambers to find the Ironwood decree, at great personal risk to himself? I threatened him into doing it - so what if he dies, the decree is more important than a coal boy's life! When Lord Morgryn's offer of marriage involves saving my life at the cost of Toms? You bet I take his offer, there'll be other coal boys! Then why did Telltale completely ignore my choice to make Mira not care about Tom? Why does she keep meeting up with him in public, why does she act happy to see him, and worried when he's in danger? Why should I keep bothering to play if Telltale is going to tell me how my characters feel?
Lord Morgryn - Lord of where? Who are you? Where do you come from? What's your relationship with House Whitehill? Why can't you have the same relationship with House Forrester? Can your presence in the story and the wider realm of Westeros be explained slightly more than not at all? Same goes for Lord Andros. Also, following a comment he made in episode six, I feel the need to point out that Lannister guards don't protect King's Landing, that's the Goldcloaks, otherwise known as the City Watch of King's Landing.
Ramsey Snow - Ramsey has no business showing up in this game. From the very first second the opening credits end he is the bastard son of the new Warden of the North, making him one of the most important political figures in the North. Why is he wasting his time with this supposedly unimportant House? At the time of the first episode, Ramsey should be busy flaying Theon, and waiting for his father to return to the Dreadfort. Why then is he traversing the breadth of the North - from the Dreadfort in the East to the Wolfswood in the West - to harass House Forrester? Moat Cailin is still being held by the Ironborn, as is Deepwood Motte, does Ramsey really have nothing better to do then sort out a rivalry his Father's vassal has? Shouldn't he be getting oaths of fealty from House Manderly, or House Reed, or House Mormont, or any other important House instead of this minor one? It's not like he's overly passionate about the cause, he just gives up half way through the game! The absolute nadir of Ramsey's appearances is when you get to put a knife to his throat, and you get a Telltale choice to whether to kill him... despite the fact we know full well that he is alive and well in the books and show and all tension is completely removed and the illusion of choice shines so bright that it is visible from space. He has no stake in this whatsoever, and he's only in the game because they wanted as many show connections as they could get - and it shows.
Battle at the Harbour - This 'battle' is the perfect metaphor for this game. Where on Westeros is this harbour? Let's say it's near Ironrath. It makes perfect sense right, as it would mean that Rodrick and company spend as little time as possible away from Ironrath, right? However, this means that Asher and company have to travel across a Daenarys-ravaged Slaver's Bay, past/through old Valyria, past Volantis (where the waters are teeming with slavers), past the stepstones, past the Sea of Dorne, around the Reach, past the Westerlands, past the Iron Islands (which at this point of time are still in open rebellion), past 75% of the North's coast before reaching this empty port potentially located North of the Wolfswood, a trip that should by rights take months. Conversely, if we say that the docks are on the Eastern coast of the North? Not only does that mean that Rodrick would have had to of left Ironrath undefended and Lordless for all the time it takes to cross the breadth of the North (keep in mind the words of Roose Bolton, "The North is larger than the other six Kingdoms combined") , but the ship would have had no make the same perilous journey, substituting Ironbon Reavers for more slavers and pirates. How did both Rodrick and Asher know which dock to go to? There is no visible landmark in the harbour, nothing to distinguish it for the two parties. Where are the harbour's inhabitants? We know that some locations along the Mander are deserted as of the latest book, with many of the people fleeing to the sanctuary of their liege lord in White Harbour, away from Winter and the Boltons. Where did these people go? If they went to their liege lord doesn't it prove that this dock isn't in Forrester territory, because as Lord surely someone would of mentioned the influx of refugees to Rodrick. Does this mean that Rodrick has travelled even further away from Ironrath than my previous estimate? By extension, doesn't this further remove all dramatic tension when you consider how in this month longer excursion Lord Whitehill didn't once try to take the severely undefended Ironrath? And Gryff's ambush working somehow manages to make less sense than this entire façade. How did he know where the meeting was supposed to take place, what with his spy (the one I chose not be Sentinel) being locked up in a dungeon? How did Asher and Rodrick know which Harbour to meet each other, and on which day? It's not like Asher's ship had a Maester and a flock of ravens aboard. Even if word was sent before Asher departed from Meeren, how did Rodrick know what day he'd arrive, the sailors have no idea what day they would be arriving on, let alone what time. How did Asher know which dock to go to? None of his crew know the area, and he was sent into exile years ago. How did the Whitehills know which of the exits the group would use? Is this dockside town completely walled in, with only one exit? Why would it be built that way? How did he know that Rodrick and Asher would be at the tail end of the group, and not, y'know, leading their small band of fighters, like leaders are supposed to do? Also, why weren't Rodrick and Asher leading their small band of fighters, like leaders are supposed to do? This scene was so poorly construct it's liable to collapse and any moment.
Battle at Ironrath - I get it that the Forrestors are the underdogs in this fight, but what possible excuse is that for this immense violation of the sacred Guests Rights? We gave Lord Whitehill and his retinue our bread and salt back in episode one! They were under our protection, and Telltale railroads us into breaking one of the ancestral traditions of the culture of Westeros, without any option to do anything else! They didn't either stop to consider that the player wouldn't want to break the guests and take revenge on them. They just ploughed ahead with the incredulity, and didn't stop to consider whether or not we would be invested with their characters enough to make them want to break character in such a substantial way! Just take a look at the karmic retribution of House Frey for the Red Wedding, or the story of the Rat Cook (which was included in both show and book) - why did Telltale force us into doing this?
North Grove - Boy what a disappointment! The whole thing only serves to highlight that Telltale didn't even believe they could concoct an interesting enough story out the A Song of Ice and Fire world without forcing a magic mcguffin into the story to try and give the story more of a hook. The North Grove is guarded (what precisely is being guarded, from whom, and why are just three of the many questions that aren't addressed, despite the fact that the North Grove is the main plot of this game) by Elsera and Josera Snow, Gregor the Good's bastards. This raises sooo many questions. Who guarded the North Grove before them? They can't be more than twenty five, has this sacred place only been protect for a quarter of a century? How did these two get there? As we saw with Gared, it's a difficult journey to make even with two wildling companions, so how did Gregor the Good make the trip with two children? Did they scale the Wall (which as shown in Season 3 is very difficult, likely more so with two children on your back)? Did they just walk through Castle Black (which you can't do)? Did no one notice how Gregor the Good was gone for over a year on a roundabout trip whilst taking his bastards to the North Grove (considering how Lord Whitehill will throw shade at you for any little slight, I find it hard to believe he'd let not only his two bastards, but also his extreme length of absence go without mentioning it)? Unless their mother took them, in which case how did a pregnant woman make this trip? If she did make the trip, why would Gregor the Good tell her where the North Grove was, whilst not mentioning it to anyone in his family? As they have the surname Snow it means they were publicly acknowledged bastards (hence why Ramsey is a Snow, but Gendry isn't a Waters), so why didn't Elissa or anyone else mention them (again, Lord Whitehill should've been harping on about this constantly!)? If they were South of the Wall until recently what did they do? Where did they live? Why do they hold the same prejudices about the Night's Watch as Wildlings if they are from South of the Wall? If his bastards have spent their entire lives in the North Grove, how do they know what House Forrester is? How are they able to recognise the Forrester sigil, and differentiate at a glance a necklace that had been made by Ironwood and not regular wood, did their father send a Maester along too? If they've spent their entire lives in the harsh frozen wastes, why do they have any emotional connection to Gregor the Good or House Forrester at all? Unless they went to the North Grove after they were born, in which case was the North Grove protected for even less time than my previous estimate? Why do the other Wildlings in the North Grove obey the command of a bastard woman from South of the Wall? How did she learn blood magic? How does she know the magic ritual to restore her power? How did she learn the Old Tongue? How did Josera learn to master his Warging abilities? If you go with the suggestion their mother was a Wildling, how did she ever come across Gregor the Good? If Gregor the Good taught her the Old Tongue, how did he learn it, and how come in the several years he would have to travel from Ironrath, make his children bilingual (likely without the help of a Maester, despite the fact one of their duties is educating) and travelling back to Ironrath did no one notice his absence? How did Gregor the Good come to know about the North Grove? Is it a secret past down from father to son, in which case why didn't Rodrik know about it? Considering how is this place is somehow known of by both isolated wildling tribes North of the Wall (like Sylvi) and commoners from the Riverlands (like Finn), how is it that this forth rung House has kept it secret all this time? Do their liege lords, House Glover and House Stark, know about the North Grove? If they do, why haven't they acted upon this? If they don't, how and why has House Forrester kept this a secret? Also, why does no one in the books or the show mention the North Grove, be it as part of a fairy tale or an actual location? If the location isn't past from father to son, did Gregor the Good just stumble upon whilst walking hundreds of miles from his home? If he didn't know the precise location, how did Josera and Elsera find their way? Did he just give his bastards vague directions and send them on their way? If he gave them the same map Gared received, are we to believe there are multiple copies of that map just lying around? If the North Grove is so powerful, and Elsera and Josera have spent their lives defending it, why are they content to begin the long march south to reclaim Ironrath at a moment's notice? If this place has magical properties to protect its inhabitants, why isn't Mance Rayder marching his people there instead (It would be a lot more convenient and much less bloody than attacking the Wall)? If this place has only been protected for a decade or so, why hasn't it been previously colonised by the Hornfoots, or the Thenns, or the Ice River Clans, or the Giants? If the magic was keeping them out, why did it let Elsera and Josera in, and Gregor the Good before them? And, most importantly, HOW IS THE OVERARCHING PLOT POINT OF THIS GAME RIDDLED WITH SO MANY PLOT HOLES? WHY ISN'T THIS PLACE EXPLAINED SLIGHTLY MORE THAN NOT AT ALL?
Conclusion - From the day this game was announced I kept going over and over the possibilities for this game. My first thought was a Recruiter from the Night's Watch, going from peasant villages, to market towns, to cities across all seven kingdoms, recruiting boys and men alike to take the black, and having some adventures along the way. Then I thought it could be similar to the Ser Duncan the Tall novella series, and have you play as a Hedge Knight, going from keep to keep to sell your sword, and maybe take part in a few notable battles and lesser known skirmishes. I thought it could take place during Aegon's conquering, or the Dance of Dragons, or the War of the Ninepenny Kings, or Robert's Rebellion, or the Greyjoy Rebellion. But Telltale chose to force themselves into a corner by picking the exact period of the show and books, having us play as a minor House, and yet somehow having these minor characters regularly having meetings the most important people alive at the time to the extend where I spent most of the game waiting for a character called Gump Forrester to appear. This game feels like such a waste of a great licence, with so much squandered potential. Take the Greyjoy Rebellion as an alternative setting. We could have played both sides of the War, such as one of Balon's sons who died during their father's war (or maybe Balon's brother, Victarion Greyjoy, and have him die at some point, which would serve to both explain his absence from the television series and keeping both book readers and show watchers in suspense whilst playing), a member of House Mallister at Seaguard, a member of House Lannister at Lannisport. We could have seen the coronation of Balon, the burning of the Lannister fleet, the siege of Pyke, the Tourney of Lannisport. We could've seen many show characters like Tywin Lannister, Ned Stark, Stannis Baratheon, Robert Baratheon, Balon Greyjoy, Jorah Mormont, etc, with none of the character interactions or appearances feeling as inconsistent or forced within the wider story as what Telltale gave us. This game could have fit in so succinctly with the wider story of both the show and the books, but every baffling decision made by Telltale just has everything stick out like a sore thumb.
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stockAday: Is salesforce twittering on the brink? $CRM

Key Stats for salesforce.com, inc.

Like lots of CRM shareholders, I've been scratching my head about them wanting to buy Twitter. So turbulence aside, is it good investment?
Ticker CRM
Sector Cloud Computing Services
Latest price $72.42
Value $49,608M
Daily vol $1,064M
Date 12 October 2016

Useful Links

Description

salesforce.com, inc. is a provider of enterprise cloud computing solutions, with a focus on customer relationship management (CRM). The Company's Customer Success Platform, including sales force automation, customer service and support, marketing automation, community management, analytics, application development, etc.
So why buy Twitter? Here's that Reuters says:
Unlike Twitter, its main product is aimed at business users, not consumers. Under Salesforce.com, Twitter could become a corporate tool used to power sentiment analysis and nurture customer relationships.
Now odd that that might seem, remember that we the user of Google are not the "customers". The advertisers are the customers. So perhaps there is method in the madness?

Recent financials

It's really hard to not be impressed by a top line like CRM's! And given it's a "cloud" business with a "SaaS" model, the momentum should run. Why? folks are signing up for monthly subscriptions and they just seem to never go cancelling them in the software space.
Jan year-end 2016A 2015A 2014A 2013A 2012A
Revenue $6.7bn $5.4bn $4.1bn $3.1bn $2.3bn
EPS -$0.07 -$0.42 -$0.39 -$0.48 -$0.02
Of course, it's troubling that the company hasn't turned a profit in the last 5 years, but here's to a first in the year to Jan 2017!

Competition

Talking about the competition, Salesforce highlights:
We compete primarily with generalized platforms and vendors of packaged business software, as well as companies offering enterprise apps, including CRM, collaboration and business intelligence software. We also compete with internally developed apps. We may encounter competition from established enterprise software vendors, as well as start-up and midsized companies focused on disruption, who may develop toolsets and products that allow customers to build new apps that run on the customers’ current infrastructure or as hosted services.
Though one of the competitive risks they highlight is actual a strength of there own!
Many prospective customers have invested substantial personnel and financial resources to implement and integrate their current enterprise software into their businesses and therefore may be reluctant or unwilling to migrate away from their current solution to an enterprise cloud computing application service.
i.e. like a lot of software based services, once you've got the client they are loathed to leave.
And how does this show on in the financials, well the old men of Enterprise technology (MSFT, ORCL, SAP) enjoy little growth but great returns and margins. But the new kids, CRM, WDAY, NOW have the growth but little margin or return.
Companies Latest Sales Operating Profit Return on Equity
salesforce.com, inc. $7,475M 8% 4%
Microsoft Corporation $85,320M 33% 22%
Oracle Corporation $37,194M 42% 19%
SAP SE (ADR) $23,533M 32% 16%
Intuit Inc. $4,694M 32% 46%
Workday Inc $1,352M -15% -31%
ServiceNow Inc $1,194M -8% -117%

Cash / Debt?

If we look at salesforce's balance sheet we can see it has $1,340M of net debt. That is 2.2x it's latest operating profit. So it's a $50bn market value business with quite a bit of debt on it's books and it's considering a bid for TWTR a $13bn value business (though $2bn of that is cash).

Wall Street thinks?

The professionals on Wall Street have a $93.51 for salesforce.com, inc. and their recommendation to clients is Buy. That implies an upside of 29% to their target.

Valuation

I've always struggled to value the highflying SaaS businesses. The regular metrics just don't give any comfort. And if I switch to price-to-sales I still get faced with CRM on 6x forward sales versus MSFT/ORCL on 4x. So where's the comfort there?
And I can't even hang my hat on the earnings the year after next :( With a forecast of $0.95 this year and just $1.27 the year after.
View Peers Valuation Forecast PE Long-term Growth Dividend Yield FCF Yield
CRM $49,608M 76x 30% 0% 1%
MSFT.O $445,654M 20x 9% 3% 8%
ORCL.K $156,056M 14x 8% 2% 9%
SAP $110,016M 21x 11% 1% 6%
INTU.O $27,597M 25x 17% 1% 5%
WDAY.K $17,570M -ve 38% 0% -ve
NOW $12,963M 120x 44% 0% -ve
To try and justify the valuation you need to dig into the cashflow statement and drink from the SaaS KoolAid. For example on the managements 2Q results they talked about:
our full year operating cash flow guidance to a year-over-year growth rate of 20% to 21% which allows us to remain on track for our first $2 billion cash flow year.
Now 25x cashflow doesn't look "hideous" for a business growing like CRM... but if you start looking at the way that figure is calculated, I expect you'll be surprised to see Depreciation > capex, half of the figure coming in deferred revenue, and a substantial % from stock-options-plan adjustments.

Dividends

You won't be surprised that salesforce.com, inc. is not forecast to pay a dividend this year.
Though in share contrast to the big caps who like doing share buybacks, the number of share in circulation at CRM is up substantially in each of the last 5 years.

Catalysts

In the last 3 months the stock price has moved by -11% that compares with no change in the earnings forecasts. The backdrop has been continued double digit top line growth at 26% in the first 6 months.
On the management team's latest call with Wall Street brokers, they raised guidance for sales, expressed confidence in their margin, spoke of an exciting new set of products (e.g. Einstein), strong cashflows and much more.
In the near-term it's hard to see any catalyst other than the rumor mill round Twitter. And binary outcomes are a horrible environment to take a position in. You'll either feel like a hero or get hammered.
For me, it's one to sit out. Unless of course the stock get's hammered, with investors throwing the baby out with the bathwater!
View the archive of Stock a Day posts at its subreddit stockaday.
And please send us suggestions on what you'd like us to research next!
If you'd like to join the writing team please get in touch. Our writing template is available here if you'd like to use it to pen your own stockAday type posts :).
Disclosure: I have no positions in any stocks mentioned. Note: I may initiate a position within the next 72 hours. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it. I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article. Reddit, moderators, and the author do not advise making investment decisions based on discussion in these posts. Analysis is not subject to validation and users take action at their own risk.
Author notes: u/shane_stockflare works at a financial website, Stockflare, and is a Chartered Financial Analyst. Previously he worked at Credit Suisse, where he was an equity research analyst covering tech stocks and at Citigroup where he was an investment banker.
submitted by shane_stockflare to investing [link] [comments]

BETEX has been added to WISERICO tracker

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submitted by wiserico to WISERICO [link] [comments]

Is salesforce twittering on the brink? $CRM

Key Stats for salesforce.com, inc.

Like lots of CRM shareholders, I've been scratching my head about them wanting to buy Twitter. So turbulence aside, is it good investment?
Ticker CRM
Sector Cloud Computing Services
Latest price $72.42
Value $49,608M
Daily vol $1,064M
Date 12 October 2016

Useful Links

Description

salesforce.com, inc. is a provider of enterprise cloud computing solutions, with a focus on customer relationship management (CRM). The Company's Customer Success Platform, including sales force automation, customer service and support, marketing automation, community management, analytics, application development, etc.
So why buy Twitter? Here's that Reuters says:
Unlike Twitter, its main product is aimed at business users, not consumers. Under Salesforce.com, Twitter could become a corporate tool used to power sentiment analysis and nurture customer relationships.
Now odd that that might seem, remember that we the user of Google are not the "customers". The advertisers are the customers. So perhaps there is method in the madness?

Recent financials

It's really hard to not be impressed by a top line like CRM's! And given it's a "cloud" business with a "SaaS" model, the momentum should run. Why? folks are signing up for monthly subscriptions and they just seem to never go cancelling them in the software space.
Jan year-end 2016A 2015A 2014A 2013A 2012A
Revenue $6.7bn $5.4bn $4.1bn $3.1bn $2.3bn
EPS -$0.07 -$0.42 -$0.39 -$0.48 -$0.02
Of course, it's troubling that the company hasn't turned a profit in the last 5 years, but here's to a first in the year to Jan 2017!

Competition

Talking about the competition, Salesforce highlights:
We compete primarily with generalized platforms and vendors of packaged business software, as well as companies offering enterprise apps, including CRM, collaboration and business intelligence software. We also compete with internally developed apps. We may encounter competition from established enterprise software vendors, as well as start-up and midsized companies focused on disruption, who may develop toolsets and products that allow customers to build new apps that run on the customers’ current infrastructure or as hosted services.
Though one of the competitive risks they highlight is actual a strength of there own!
Many prospective customers have invested substantial personnel and financial resources to implement and integrate their current enterprise software into their businesses and therefore may be reluctant or unwilling to migrate away from their current solution to an enterprise cloud computing application service.
i.e. like a lot of software based services, once you've got the client they are loathed to leave.
And how does this show on in the financials, well the old men of Enterprise technology (MSFT, ORCL, SAP) enjoy little growth but great returns and margins. But the new kids, CRM, WDAY, NOW have the growth but little margin or return.
Companies Latest Sales Operating Profit Return on Equity
salesforce.com, inc. $7,475M 8% 4%
Microsoft Corporation $85,320M 33% 22%
Oracle Corporation $37,194M 42% 19%
SAP SE (ADR) $23,533M 32% 16%
Intuit Inc. $4,694M 32% 46%
Workday Inc $1,352M -15% -31%
ServiceNow Inc $1,194M -8% -117%

Cash / Debt?

If we look at salesforce's balance sheet we can see it has $1,340M of net debt. That is 2.2x it's latest operating profit. So it's a $50bn market value business with quite a bit of debt on it's books and it's considering a bid for TWTR a $13bn value business (though $2bn of that is cash).

Wall Street thinks?

The professionals on Wall Street have a $93.51 for salesforce.com, inc. and their recommendation to clients is Buy. That implies an upside of 29% to their target.

Valuation

I've always struggled to value the highflying SaaS businesses. The regular metrics just don't give any comfort. And if I switch to price-to-sales I still get faced with CRM on 6x forward sales versus MSFT/ORCL on 4x. So where's the comfort there?
And I can't even hang my hat on the earnings the year after next :( With a forecast of $0.95 this year and just $1.27 the year after.
View Peers Valuation Forecast PE Long-term Growth Dividend Yield FCF Yield
CRM $49,608M 76x 30% 0% 1%
MSFT.O $445,654M 20x 9% 3% 8%
ORCL.K $156,056M 14x 8% 2% 9%
SAP $110,016M 21x 11% 1% 6%
INTU.O $27,597M 25x 17% 1% 5%
WDAY.K $17,570M -ve 38% 0% -ve
NOW $12,963M 120x 44% 0% -ve
To try and justify the valuation you need to dig into the cashflow statement and drink from the SaaS KoolAid. For example on the managements 2Q results they talked about:
our full year operating cash flow guidance to a year-over-year growth rate of 20% to 21% which allows us to remain on track for our first $2 billion cash flow year.
Now 25x cashflow doesn't look "hideous" for a business growing like CRM... but if you start looking at the way that figure is calculated, I expect you'll be surprised to see Depreciation > capex, half of the figure coming in deferred revenue, and a substantial % from stock-options-plan adjustments.

Dividends

You won't be surprised that salesforce.com, inc. is not forecast to pay a dividend this year.
Though in share contrast to the big caps who like doing share buybacks, the number of share in circulation at CRM is up substantially in each of the last 5 years.

Catalysts

In the last 3 months the stock price has moved by -11% that compares with no change in the earnings forecasts. The backdrop has been continued double digit top line growth at 26% in the first 6 months.
On the management team's latest call with Wall Street brokers, they raised guidance for sales, expressed confidence in their margin, spoke of an exciting new set of products (e.g. Einstein), strong cashflows and much more.
In the near-term it's hard to see any catalyst other than the rumor mill round Twitter. And binary outcomes are a horrible environment to take a position in. You'll either feel like a hero or get hammered.
For me, it's one to sit out. Unless of course the stock get's hammered, with investors throwing the baby out with the bathwater!
View the archive of Stock a Day posts at its subreddit stockaday.
And please send us suggestions on what you'd like us to research next!
If you'd like to join the writing team please get in touch. Our writing template is available here if you'd like to use it to pen your own stockAday type posts :).
Disclosure: I have no positions in any stocks mentioned. Note: I may initiate a position within the next 72 hours. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it. I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article. Reddit, moderators, and the author do not advise making investment decisions based on discussion in these posts. Analysis is not subject to validation and users take action at their own risk.
Author notes: u/shane_stockflare works at a financial website, Stockflare, and is a Chartered Financial Analyst. Previously he worked at Credit Suisse, where he was an equity research analyst covering tech stocks and at Citigroup where he was an investment banker.
submitted by shane_stockflare to stockaday [link] [comments]

Binary Options Trading: What You Need To Know

Binary option trading is a relatively new development in the retail trading world. Five years ago, no one had even heard of it.
Since 2012 however, the popularity of binary options surged as a result of aggressive marketing by binary option brokers, and the promotion of binary trading software by the trading "gurus".
Right now, interest on the topic continues to grow at record levels. Given its current popularity, binary options are likely to be the first "asset" that beginners start trading with.
However, just because something is new and popular... doesn't mean it's worth doing. (Who remembers the fuss over bitcoin trading?)
Opportunities come and go all the time in the retail trading space... and it's important for us to tell the difference between sustainable business models and short-lived fads.
So let's take a moment to examine binary options, and see if it's something we should be paying attention to.
But before we do that, let's first take a quick look at traditional (i.e. vanilla) option contracts.
VANILLA FOREX OPTIONS
Traditional option contracts were initially introduced for people to hedge against future uncertainty.
For example, a German company selling cars in the United States would worry about high EUUSD exchange rates in the future.
Why?
Because then they would be getting revenue in a weaker currency (USD) while having to pay expenses in a stronger currency (Euro) in their home country. This results in a significantly lower net profit, or even worse, a net loss.
Forex option contracts were thus introduced to solve this problem, as any losses stemming from currency fluctuations could be offset by profits made from buying options contracts.
To continue with the example, the German car company may choose to buy EUUSD call options, which would profit from an increasing EUUSD rate. Thus, any operational losses in the future (due to a high EUUSD rate) can be offset by the profits gained from those option contracts.
This is, and continues to be, the main purpose of Forex option contracts.
Now of course, in order for the German company to buy call options, someone has to be willing to sell it to them.
Perhaps, a financial institution in France does not believe that the EUUSD will continue to strengthen over the next 12 months, and so is willing sell call options to the German company.
(This, by the way, is how financial markets work. Participants have varying views of the future, and so trade against each other in line with their own expectations.)
In this transaction, the German company pays a fee (in buying call options) to protect against future currency risk, while the financial institution gets paid to take on that risk.
To summarize:
- The German car company looks to limit future currency risk by buying call options - The financial institution (or speculator) collects a fee from selling call options and assumes the currency risk 
More generally:
- Option buyers pay a fixed fee for the potential of a very large profit - Option sellers collect a fixed fee for the potential of a very large loss 
FOREX BINARY OPTIONS
In a vanilla option trade, the buyer does not know in advance the amount of money he stands to win. Similarly, the seller does not know in advance the amount of money he stands to lose. The amount is ultimately determined by how far the market price moves.
In a binary option trade however, the trader will know in advance the exact amount he stands to win or lose, before taking the trade. Binary options are named as such because there are exactly only two possible outcomes: you either win a fixed amount, or lose a fixed amount.
Binary options ask a simple question: will the price be above [price level] at [time]?
For example: will the EUUSD be above 1.3000 at 4.30pm? If you think so, you buy the binary option. If you don't, you sell.
That's pretty much all there is to binary options.
UPSIDE OF BINARY OPTIONS
As you can see, binary option trading can be simply explained and is easily understood. This is a big benefit to new traders, as they can quickly learn the basic mechanics and start trading right away.
A related benefit of this, is having to make fewer trading decisions.
In spot forex trading, for example, one has to decide:
- Where and when to enter the market - The appropriate trading lot size to use - How to manage the trade - Where and when to close the trade 
In binary option trading however, there are only 2 decisions to make:
- Whether the market price will be above a certain price level at a certain time - How much to risk on the trade 
As such, binary options offer a much simpler trading process. You don’t have to think about (or calculate) leverage and margin at all.
And, since the potential loss on each trade is fixed, you will never get a margin call.
Lastly, options offer traders the unique ability to make money by predicting where prices will NOT go. (This goes for all types of options, not just binary options.) This can’t be done in the spot Forex market.
So… does binary option trading sound good?
Sure it does!
Well... at first glance, anyway.
Now let’s take a look at the downsides of binary option trading. These are the things your binary option broker won’t tell you.
DOWNSIDE OF BINARY OPTIONS TRADING
The most obvious downside of binary option trading is the lack of flexibility.
For example, if the market price moves even one pip against you upon option expiry, you’ll lose your entire stake. You can’t choose to defer your trade exit under any circumstances.
Also, with some binary option brokers, you can’t change your mind and close or modify a trade before expiry. In this sense, a binary option trade is typically an all-or-nothing proposition.
These points on inflexibility can be summarized by the following comment (found in the Forex Factory forums):
"I once traded a forex news item where I closed a wrong call with a 20 pips loss, and ended up making 350 pips on the reverse trade, giving me a net profit of 330 pips. This scenario cannot be replicated in binary options.”
Lastly, the value of a binary option is fixed between 0 and 100, with the broker charging a bid-ask spread and often, a commission as well. The implication of these factors is that the average loss per trade will always be larger than the average profit. This is a structural (i.e. inherent) characteristic of the binary option game.
Thus, in order to break even, a binary option trader would have to win at least 55% of the time. Compare this to spot Forex trading, where a trader can be profitable by winning just 40% (or less) of the time.
MY PERSONAL OPINION
On paper, binary options are an opportunity seeker’s wet dream.
The promise of regular fixed payouts and a focus on short-term profits are exactly the characteristics that appeal to people looking for a quick buck.
Unfortunately for them, what feels good in trading is typically a losing approach.
You see... the only way to keep making money with binary options is to accurately predict market prices at least 55% of the time, AND get the timing right. This is an exceptionally difficult feat to accomplish.
In other words, you can correctly predict future market prices AND STILL LOSE because you got the timing wrong by a few minutes.
HOWEVER
All this said, there may be a genuine opportunity here… and that is to be a seller of binary options.
Why? Because it’s a lot easier to estimate where prices will 'not go', rather than trying to predict where it will. Whenever the market settles at a particular price level, it is not settling at a dozen other price levels.
Does this make sense?
This root concept may then be expanded to form a complete binary option trading strategy that you can use.
Note however, that this is a benefit available to all types of options, not just binary options.
SO, ARE BINARY OPTIONS JUST A FAD?
One reservation I have about binary options is that they do not serve a major commercial purpose. Unlike the spot and derivatives markets that serve to benefit society, binary options exist solely for speculation purposes.
In other words, it can be reasonably argued that binary option trading is not much different than a casino game.
Without a commercial purpose, binary options could be banned tomorrow and not impact anyone else other than the brokers and speculators.
Compare this to spot Forex trading, or Forex futures trading, upon which global commerce relies. These markets are unlikely to be closed or banned, because they serve a useful purpose beyond speculation.
As a retail trader for the past 10 years, I’ve seen all sorts of gimmicks and fads come and go. Some years ago, expert advisors were the hot topic. Slowly but surely, people are now gradually realizing that "automated trading" isn't as amazing as it's cracked up to be.
Will binary options follow suit?
My opinion is yes, I think they will.
Binary options do not provide any major benefit to serious traders, and I think that once the opportunity seekers get bored or lose enough money, they’ll lose interest and turn their attention to the next shiny object.
WHAT DO YOU THINK?
So... do you particularly agree or disagree with any of the points I’ve mentioned? Did I miss mentioning any important points?
Let me know what you think!
The original article is published here
submitted by pipmavens to investing [link] [comments]

Getting Started

Hey guys! I found a super cool list of everything a new forex trader would need to get started! Originally made by to nate1357. Link to original thread http://redd.it/328cjr
Free Resources
Education:
www.babypips.com/school
www.informedtrades.com/f7
www.forex4noobs.com/forex-education
www.en.tradimo.com/learn/forex-trading
www.youtube.com/useTheTradeitsimple
www.traderscalm.com
www.orderflowtrading.com/LearnOrderFlow.aspx
www.profitube.com
Calendars:
www.forexfactory.com/calendar.php
www.dailyfx.com/calendar
www.fxstreet.com/economic-calendar
www.forexlive.com/EconomicCalendar
www.myfxbook.com/forex-economic-calendar
www.investing.com/economic-calendar
Free News Websites:
www.forexlive.com - Daily live news, analysis and resources
www.financemagnates.com - FX industry news and updates
www.fxstreet.com - Daily news, analysis and resources
www.forextell.com
www.forexcup.com/news
www.bloomberg.com/markets
Forums:
www.reddit.com/forex
www.forums.babypips.com/
www.forexfactory.com/forum.php
www.elitetrader.com/et/index.php
www.forex-tsd.com/
www.fxgears.com/forum/index.php
www.trade2win.com/boards
Margin / pip / position size calculators
www.myfxbook.com/forex-calculators
Brokerages:
There are many factors to consider when choosing a brokerage. Regulations typically force US traders to only trade at US brokerages, while international traders have more choice. After considering location you need to consider how much capital you will start trading with as many have minimum deposit levels. Once you’ve narrowed that down you can compared spreads and execution. ECN brokers execute your orders straight through to their liquidity providers, while market maker brokers may pair up your trades with other clients. Market maker brokers typically will partially hedge your positions on the interbank market. Many consider this to be a conflict of interest and prefer to trade at an ECN broker who would have an active motive to see you succeed. Lastly, brokers run inherently risky business models so it is important to consider the risk of bankruptcy.
www.forexpeacearmy.com - Aggregates broker reviews. Be warned though that people only seem to make bad reviews.
www.myfxbook.com/forex-broker-spreads - Live comparison of executable spreads
United States & International-
-Interactive Brokers
International Only-
-LMAX (whitelabel DarwinEx)
*DMA broker based in the UK. Note that as a DMA broker LMAX eliminates the ability for LPs to last-look transactions. This may result in reduced liquidity during volatile times as liquidity providers would be likely not to risk posting liquidity to LMAX's pool. *Tight spreads *Minimum deposit $10,000 *Fairly well diversified
-Dukascopy
*ECN based in Switzerland, but available elsewhere depending on local regulations.
*Tight spreads *Minimum deposit $100 *Fairly well diversified
-IC Markets *ECN based in Australia *Fair spreads on standard account, tight spreads on professional accounts. *Minimum deposit $200 *Fairly well diversified
-Pepperstone
*ECN broker based in Australia. *Fair spreads on standard account, tight spreads on professional accounts. *Minimum deposit $200 *Not well diversified
Software / Apps:
Desktop/mobile
Terminology/Acronyms:
www.forexlive.com/ForexJargon - Common terms and acronyms
FAQ:
I need to exchange money, how do I do it?
This isn’t what this sub is for. Your best bet is using your bank or an online exchange service. Be prepared to pay a hefty fee.
I have money in one currency and need to exchange it into another sometime in the future, should I wait?
Don’t ask us this. We speculate intraday in FX and shouldn’t be relied on to tell you what’s best for you. Exchange the money when you need it.
I have an FX account, should I start trading demo or live?
This is highly debatable. You should definitely demo trade until you have mastered how to use the trading platform on desktop and mobile. After that it’s up to you. Many think that the psychology of trading live vs demo trading is massively different. So it may pay to learn to trade live. Just be warned that most FX traders lose almost their entire first account so start with a low affordable balance.
What’s money management?
Money management is a form of risk management and is arguably the most important aspect of your trading when it comes to long term survival. You should always enter trades with a stop loss - the distance of the stop allows you to calculate how large of a percent of your account balance will be lost if your trade stops out. You can run a monte carlo simulation to figure out the risk of having a number of trades go against you in a row to drain your account. The general rule is that you should only risk losing 1-4% of your account per trade entered.
More on this here: www.investopedia.com/articles/forex/06/fxmoneymgmt.asp[35]
www.swing-trade-stocks.com/money-management.html[36]
What about automated trading?
Retail FX traders have been known to program “Expert Advisors” (EAs) to automate trading. It’s generally advisable to stay away from that until you’re very experienced. Never buy an EA from a developer because the vast majority of them are scams.
What indicators are best?
That’s up to you to test and find out. Many in this forum dislike oscillating indicators since they fail to capture the essence of what moves price. With experience you will discover what works best for you. In my experience indicators that are most popular with professional traders are those that provide trading “levels” such as pivot points, fibonacci, moving averages, trendlines, etc.
What timeframe should I trade?
Price action can vary in different timeframes. In longer term timeframes the price action and fundamentals are much more clear. Unfortunately it would take a very long time to figure out whether or not what you’re doing is successful on longer timeframes. In shorter timeframes you can often tell very quickly if what you’re doing is profitable. Unfortunately there’s a lot more “noise” on these levels which can prove deceptive for those trying to learn. Therefore the best bet is to use a multi-timeframe analysis, working from top-down to come up with trades.
Should I trade using fundamental analysis (FA) of technical analysis (TA)?
This is a long standing argument in these forums and elsewhere. I’ll settle it here - you should have an understanding of both. Yes there are traders who blindly ignore one of the other but a truly well rounded trader should understand and implement both into the analysis. The market is driven in the longer term through FA. But TA is necessary to give traders a place to enter and exit trades from a psychological risk/reward standpoint.
I’ve heard trading Binary Options is an easy way to make money?
The general advice is to stay away from binaries. The structure of binary options is so that when you lose the broker wins. This incentive has created a very scammy industry where there are few legitimate binary options brokers. In addition in order to be profitable in binaries you have to win 55-65% of the time. That’s a much higher premium over spot FX.
Am I actually exchanging currencies?
Yes and no. Your broker handles spot FX is currency pairs. Although they make an exchange at the settlement date they treat your position in your account as a virtual currency pair. Think of it like a contract where you can only buy or sell it as a pair. In this sense you are always long one currency while short another. You are merely speculating that one currency will appreciate or depreciate vs another.
Why didn't my order fill?
Even if price appears to cross over a line on your chart it does not guarantee a fill. Different charting platforms chart different prices - some chart the bid price, some the ask price and some the midpoint price. To fill a limit order price needs to cross your limit's price plus the spread at the time that it is crossing. If it does not equal or exceed the spread then it will not fill. Be wary that in general spreads are not fixed. So what may fill at one time may not at another.
submitted by ClassicalAnt6 to TeamOceanSky [link] [comments]

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